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61 Cards in this Set

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1. -Integrative therapy is most compatible with the _____ model of abnormal behavior. A) psychodynamicB) humanistic C) biopsychosocial D) cognitive

C

2. Therapeutic approaches that are based on the belief that all normal and abnormal behavior is learned are ______ therapies.A) traditional psychodynamicB) cognitiveC) behaviorD) short-term psychodynamic

-C. Behavior


3. what type of psychological service provider has an M.D.,postgraduate training in abnormal behavior and the ability to prescribe medication for psychological disorders ?


- psychiatrist

5. A therapist who uses cognitive restructuring believes that _____ are the causes of abnormal behavior.


- maladaptive beliefs


7. It is best to view abnormal behavior and normal behavior as:

- marking two ends of a continuum

8. DSM-IV-TR relies most heavily on the _____ approach to abnormal behavior.


- medical


9. Which perspective on abnormal behavior primarily argues that psychological disorders stem from childhood conflicts over opposing wishes regarding sex and aggression?


- Psychoanalytic perspective


10. With respect to the three characteristics of abnormal behavior, when a behavior interferes with a person's ability to function effectively in the world, it is considered _____. A) unique B) dependent C) maladaptive D) repetitive


[c]


13. ____ therapy is based on the assumption that abnormal behavior is due to faulty ways of thinking and believing.A. Humanistic B. Cognitive C. GestaltD. Psychoanalytic


- B

15. Critics of the medical model of abnormal behavior argue that ADHD reflects a(n) ______. A. social construct rather than a psychological disorderB. psychological disorder rather than a social constructC. example of racial profiling of African-American childrenD. biological disorder rather than a psychological disorder


- A


17. The American Psychiatric Association defines abnormal behavior primarily through the _____ approach. A. biologicalB. psychologicalC. socioculturalD. cognitive


- A


18. Jason is very depressed and can't help but think that life holds few rewards. He feels upset and frustrated by the fact that he just can't "shake the blues." The _____ aspect of abnormal behavior applies to Jason. A. deviantB. maladaptiveC. dangerousD. distressful

- D


19. According to the biopsychosocial model, abnormal behavior is influenced ______. A. predominately by biological factorsB. predominately by psychological factorsC. predominately by social and cultural factorsD. by the combination or interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors


- D


20. What do behavior therapists see as the cause of maladaptive behaviors? a. learning b. distortions in thinking c. unconscious conflicts d. discrepancy between the real self and ideal self


d

21. Justin enjoys watching pornography on the internet. He believes it is in everyone's best interests if he isolates himself from them. This behavior is not only jeopardizing his job, but it is also interfering with his relationships. Justin's girlfriend is upset that he spends too much time on the computer, and she is threatening to break up with him. Which of the following criteria for abnormality does Justin's behavior meet? Deviance Maladaptive Distressful Digression

-Maladaptive


22. When a behavior interferes with a person's ability to function effectively in the world, it is considered _____. A. deviantB. dependentC. maladaptiveD. repetitive

- C

23. Like many of his friends, Justin enjoys watching pornography on the internet. Lately he's been missing work so he can stay home and spend more time on the computer. This behavior is not only jeopardizing his job, it is also interfering with his relationship. Justin's girlfriend is upset about him spending too much time on the computer and she is threatening to break up with him. Justin's behavior meets which of the following criteria for abnormality? A. DevianceB. MaladaptiveC. DistressfulD. None of these

- B


24. The primary goal of behavior therapy is to ____A. uncover unconscious conflictsB. gain self-awarenessC. reduce or eliminate maladaptive behaviorD. be sensitive to the cultural and contextual needs of the client

- C


25. According to the cognitive approach, psychological disorders are the result of:- maladaptive thinking patterns26. A therapist who uses cognitive restructuring believes that ____ behavior are the causes of abnormalA. parental relationshipsB. maladaptive beliefs C. chemical imbalances D. childhood experiences

- B


27. What theoretical approach to psychological disorders would be most likely to consider a person's gender and ethnicity when diagnosing a disorder? A. SocioculturalB. BehavioralC. BiologicalD. Cognitive

- A


28. 12. When treating a client with a psychological disorder, a therapist makes the assumption that the person's difficulties stem primarily from the context in which a person lives. This therapist most likely identifies with the _____ approach to psychological disorders. A. biologicalB. psychologicalC. socioculturalD. biopsychosocial


- C


29. Anxiety, specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, OCD, and post traumatic stress disorder are examples of what?

- Psychological disorders

30. What disorder has the highest mortality rate of any psychological disorder?

- Anorexia nervosa


31. Drug companies commonly fund research that focuses on the _______ approach to psychological disorders. A. socioculturalB. psychologicalC. biologicalD. cognitive

- C


32. Which theoretical approach emphasizes the contributions of experiences, thoughts, emotions, and personality characteristics in explaining psychological disorders? A. The sociocultural approachB. The psychological approachC. The humanistic approachD. The biological approach

- B


33. Marilyn is depressed a great deal of the time and seeks help from a doctor. She is diagnosed as having a mental illness caused by a chemical imbalance. Marilyn is most likely being treated by someone who adheres to the _____ model of psychological disorders. A. biological or biomedicalB. behavioralC. psychoanalyticD. cognitive

- A


34. Jenna constantly experiences feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness. Jenna's doctor, Jacob, advises her to start taking anti-depressant drugs that contain serotonin and dopamine. According to Dr. Jacob's diagnosis, Jenna's depression is a result of the imbalance and improper functioning of the neurotransmitters in her brain. In the context of the theoretical approaches to psychological disorders, this diagnosis conforms to the _____.

- biological approach


35. Chad regularly experiences motor tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts. It is likely that Chad suffers from a(n) _____. A. mood disorderB. anxiety disorderC. personality disorderD. dissociative disorder

- B


36. Which of the following is NOT classified as an anxiety disorder? A. Obsessive-compulsive disorderB. Panic disorderC. DepressionD. Post-traumatic stress disorder

- C


37. Xanax, Valium, and Librium are benzodiazepines that are commonly used drug therapies for treating ____A. mood disordersB. anxiety disorders C. schizophreniaD. dissociative disorders

- B


38. Each time Darren listens to the radio, he believes that he is receiving a secret message from the government. He spends most of his days trying to warn others about an impending invasion that the voice on his radio has been telling him about. Hence, it can be inferred that Darren is most likely suffering from _____.


- schizophrenia


39. Antipsychotic drugs are used to treat _____. A) obsessive-compulsive disorderB) major depressive disorderC) schizophreniaD) panic disorder


[C ]


40. Vidor dreams that he is on a beach. The tide is coming in and his body is in pieces. He is unable to gather the dismembered body together to run away. It is most likely that Vidor's diagnosis is: a. dissociative identity disorder. b. generalized anxiety disorder. c. schizophrenia. d. psychopathy.


- c

41. Which of the following drugs would be the treatment of choice for schizophrenia?A) aripiprazoleB) LibriumC) ProzacD) lithium


-A. Aripiprazole


42. _____ is a class of disorders in which severe distortion of reality occurs.

- Schizophrenia

43. _____ is a severe psychological disorder that is characterized by highly disordered thought processes. A. Dysthymic disorderB. Bipolar disorderC. Generalized anxiety disorderD. Schizophrenia

- D


46. Regulation of which neurotransmitter is strongly implicated in schizophrenia? Dopamine Testosterone Tryptamine Ketamine

- dopamine


47. Seven months ago, Sandra was involved in a serious car accident. Even though she recovered fully from her injuries, she is still troubled by nightmares and flashbacks of the scene of the accident. Now, Sandra refuses to drive and insists only on using public transport. She is in a constant state of anxiety and has trouble sleeping. In the context of anxiety and anxiety-related disorders, it can be inferred that Sandra shows symptoms suggestive of _____.

- post-traumatic stress disorder


48. In movies that focus on war, soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, nervousness, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases these soldiers have problems with memory and an inability to experience happiness. These characters are indicative of _____. A) obsessive-compulsive disorder B) post-traumatic stress disorder C) specific phobia D) dissociative identity disorder


[B]


49. When Sandra was 18 years old, she was in a serious car accident. Although she made a full recovery from her injuries, she experienced extreme anxiety afterward. Sandra is now very anxious when driving, has nightmares about the accident, and flinches when she goes through intersections. Sandra has symptoms suggestive of _____.


-post-traumatic stress disorder


50. Dissociative disorders often occur in individuals who also show signs of _____. A. bipolar disorderB. post-traumatic stress disorderC. antisocial personality disorderD. panic disorder


- B


51. Randy experienced a horrific childhood. She was physically and verbally abused by her mother and sexually abused by a stepfather. Years later, she began experiencing anxiety symptoms. A diagnosis of _____ would best apply to her situation. A. generalized anxiety disorderB. post-traumatic stress disorderC. phobic disorderD. panic disorder


- B


52. Which of the following is NOT a symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder? A. FlashbacksB. Difficulties with memory and concentrationC. Feelings of apprehension and nervousnessD. Depressed arousal and fatigue


- D


53. In movies that focus on war (e.g., Born on the Fourth of July, Apocalypse Now, First Blood), soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, nervousness, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases these soldiers have problems with memory and an inability to experience happiness. These characters have ______. A. dementiaB. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)C. dysthymiaD. dissociative identity disorder (DID)


- B


54. You are having dinner with your friend Sophia when she experiences a sudden onset of intense terror, without warning and with no specific cause. Sophia would most likely be diagnosed as suffering from ______. A. borderline personality disorderB. panic disorderC. phobic disorderD. generalized anxiety disorder


- B


55. John has sudden attacks of intense fear in which he experiences palpitations, he feels dizzy, and he has trouble catching his breath. During these attacks, he worries that he is going to die. From this description, it sounds like John has _____.


- Panic disorder


56. An irrational, persistent fear of an object, activity, or situation is called a(n)______________

-phobia


57. An example of a specific phobia that is associated with the fear of strangers is referred to as _____.


- xenophobia


58. -Frank is seeing a therapist for his spider phobia. The therapist first teaches him muscle relaxation and then they develop a stimulus hierarchy. Frank is seeing a therapist who uses _____. A) flooding B) systematic desensitization C) psychoanalysis D) social skills training

[B]


59. _______________ refers to a fear of being trapped in a crowded, public place. a. Claustrophobia c. Mysophobia b. Social phobia d. Agoraphobia


d

60. the fear of dirt and germs, is a common phobia. a. Mysophobia c. Triskaidekaphobia b. Brontophobia d. Agoraphobia


- a

61. Which of the following is an INCORRECT match? a. Agoraphobia—fear of fear, fear of being trapped in public b. Social phobia—fear of situations in which they will be observed by others c. Compulsion—recurrent, persistent, unwished-for images and thoughts d. Generalized anxiety disorder—continuing sense of doom and worry


- c

62. Which method of treating phobias involves progressive relaxation and exposure to the feared object?A) punishmentB) token economyC) extinctionD) systematic desensitization

-D. Systematic desensitization


63. Individuals who suffer from _____ have an intense fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in public/collective situations.

-social phobia


65. Individuals who suffer from ______ have an intense fear of being humiliated or embarrassed in social situations. A. generalized anxiety disorderB. obsessive-compulsive disorderC. post-traumatic stress disorderD. a social phobia

- D


66. A fear becomes a phobia when ______. A. a doctor diagnoses it as suchB. an individual will go to any length to avoid the object of the fear/phobiaC. a person can specifically identify what they are afraid ofD. a person cannot identify the source of their nervous feelings


- B


67. Former NFL coach John Madden had a famous fear of flying that led him to take a bus to all of the games he broadcasted. The fact that he would go to any length to avoid flying suggests that he suffered from ______. A. generalized anxiety disorderB. obsessive-compulsive disorderC. a specific phobiaD. post-traumatic stress disorder

- C


68. What differentiates people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) from those who don't have OCD but may have some tendencies related to OCD, such as experiencing anxiety-provoking thoughts? A. The ability to ignore or dismiss intrusive thoughtsB. The presence of agoraphobiaC. A history of past sexual abuseD. Overprotective parents

- A


70. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is classified as a(n) ______ disorder. A. moodB. personalityC. anxietyD. dissociative


- C


71. Jillian can't bear to leave her home without washing all the linens and floors, vacuuming the carpets, and organizing everything in her cupboards. Because she knows that her behavior is extreme, she has tried to go to work without doing all these things, but she is overcome with such overwhelming dread that she never makes it all the way to the office. Jillian probably has _____. A. obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)B. generalized anxiety disorderC. a phobiaD. panic disorder

- A


72. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) ______. A. does not seem to have a genetic component because it does not run in familiesB. is linked with high levels of serotonin and dopamineC. does not seem to be linked with abnormal brain functioningD. often occurs during a period of life stress


- D