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19 Cards in this Set

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Diffusion

The movement of particles from the regions of higher concentration to regions of lower concentration

__________ requires no energy because it is a passive transport

Diffusion

Osmosis

Diffusion of water through a semi-permeable membrane

Passive Transport

Movement of particles across the cell membrane without the use of energy

Examples of Passive Transport

Diffusion and Osmosis

Active Transport

Process of transporting materials (from low concentration to high concentration) that requires the cell to use energy

Examples of Active Transport

Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Endocytosis

Bring particles into the cell using energy

Exocytosis

When particles leave the cell using energy

Photosynthesis

The process to use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food

Pigments

Molecules that absorb light energy (sunlight), chlorophyll

Glucose

The food that is in the form of a simple sugar made by plants

What is the Chemical equation for Photosynthesis?

Sunlight + CO2+H2O = C6H12O8+O2

Cellular Respiration

The use of oxygen to break down food

Where does Cellular Respiration take place?

The mitochondria

What is the chemical equation for Cellular Respiration?

C6H12O2 = ATP+ CO2+H2O

What are two different kinds of fermentation?

Lactic Acid Fermentation, and Carbon Dioxide Fermentation

Lactic Acid Fermentation

Produces lactic acid and energy (Examples: Exercising and muscle fatigue)

Carbon Dioxide Fermentation

Produces Carbon Dioxide and ethyl alcohol (Examples: Bread rising due to yeast)