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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Which group of algae do kelps belong to?

Brown algae

Organisms that obtain nourishment from dead organisms are?

Saprophytes

The transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring is called ____.

heredity

What is the hard shell that covers the cephalothorax of some crustaceans called?

Carapace

What are a crustacean's claw-tipped legs called?

Chelipeds

What wormlike arthropod has many body segments with two pairs of legs on every segment?

Millipede

The four elements that compose cells are ____.

Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen

Which group includes spiders?

Arachnids

Cell that contains cellulose, large vacuoles, and chloroplasts would belong to a ____.

Plant

The body regions of arachnids are _____.

Cephalothorax and abdomen

What pair of appendages does an arachnid use for seizing and crushing prey?

Chelicerae

What do mycologists study?

Fungi

Who is the "Father of Microbiology"?

Van Leeuwenhoek

Which of the following is a club fungus?

Mushroom

What disease does plasmodium cause?

malaria

Parasitic club fungi includes smuts and _____.

Rusts

Two main groups of spiders are true spiders and _____.

Mygalomorphs

A _____ structure is too small too be seen without magnification.

Microscopic

The general term for micro organisms that are found near the water's surface and provide food for larger organisms is _____.

Plankton

The group of micro organisms that move using hairlike projections are called ____.

Ciliates

An organism that makes it's own food is a _____.

Autotroph

The jelly like substance in cells that contain organelles

Cytoplasm

Organelles in plant cells that enable them to carry out photosynthesis

Chloroplasts

Control center of the cell

Nucleus

Surrounds and protects the cell

Cell membrane

Storage spaces

Vacuoles

Strengthens plant cell walls

Cellulose

List the two parts of the cell theory.

1. All living things are composed of cells and cell products.

2. All cells come from pre-existing cells.

Who discovered the cells of cork?

Robert Hooke

What information storing substance does the nucleus contain?

DNA

What respiratory structure of arachnids has pages that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide?

Book lungs

What are the units through which characteristics are passed from parent to offspring?

Genes

What is the name for the entire mass of hyphae that forms the body of a fungus?

Mycelium

What are single celled animal like organisms called?

Protozoa

What does a sarcodine use to move?

Pseudopods

Form a significant part of marine plankton

krill

Crustaceans that in adulthood attached permanently to an object

barnacles

Have only one eye

Copepods

Also called water fleas

Daphnia

Examples include lobsters, crabs, and crayfish

Decapods

Ten-footed crustaceans

Decapods

The only terrestrial crustaceans

Wood lice

Front (Term)

44. Eyepiece

45. Adjustment knobs

46. Stage

47. Base

ESSAY: Explain The main difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes and list the major groups of organisms in each category.

Prokaryotes are single celled organisms without organized nuclei. This group contains bacteria including, blue-green algae called Cyanobacteria. Eukaryotes are organisms with organized nuclei. This group contains plants, animals, fungi, and protozoa.