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30 Cards in this Set

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The DSM-5 recognizes which of the following forms of bipolar disorders?


1) Bipolar I and Bipolar II

2) Bipolar I, Bipolar II and Cyclothymia

3) Bipolar and Cyclothymia

4) Bipolar I, Bipolar II and Bipolar III

In the opening clinical case, Mary M. reported feeling a lack of energy, difficulty sleeping, loss of appetite, difficulty concentrating, and a loss of interest in activities she previously enjoyed. Based on this information, which of the following is the most likely diagnosis for Mary M.?

1) Eating disorder

2) Major depressive disorder

3) Bipolar disorder

4) Generalized anxiety disorder

The most prevalent psychiatric disorder in the U.S. is

1) Mood dysregulation disorder 2) Cyclothymia3) Major depressive disorder 4) Bipolar disorder

The slowing of thoughts and movements by those experiencing depression is called


1) Psychomotor agitation.



2) Social withdrawal.



3) Psychomotor retardation.



4) Melancholia.

Psychomotor agitation involves

1) Pacing.

2) Fidgeting.

3) Wringing hands.

4) All of the above.

Which of the following is not considered a common symptom of depression?

1) Psychomotor retardation or agitation 2) Sleeping too much or too little 3) Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt4) All of the above are common symptoms of depression

Which of the following people is least likely to have major depression?

1) A 45-year-old wealthy woman 2) A 35-year-old unemployed man3) A 20-year-old wealthy man 4) A 19-year-old wealthy woman who has had one episode of depression in the past

Which of the following treatments for seasonal affective disorder is now considered a first-line recommendation in the APA Treatment Guidelines for Depression?

1) Cognitive-behavioral therapy

2) Regular bright light exposure

3) Psychodynamic therapy

4) Traveling to a warmer climate during winter months

Which of the following symptoms are indicative of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, according to the DSM-5?

1) Severe recurrent temper outbursts

2) Swings in mood from extreme highs to extreme lows

3) Persistent negative mood

4) Both temper outbursts and a persistent negative mood

Researchers have found that first-generation immigrants who came to the U.S. have __________ rates of major depressive disorder than those born in the U.S.

1) Lower

2) Higher

3) No difference

4) None of these answers is correct - it has not been determined yet.

Which of the following statements is true?

Those with anxiety disorders have no greater risk for medical illness than those without anxiety disorders. 2) Those with anxiety disorders are more likely to be employed than those without anxiety disorders.3) All of the anxiety disorders are associated with decrements in quality of life. 4) None of the anxiety disorders are associated with decrements in interpersonal concerns.

Anxiety often involves __________ arousal, and fear involves __________ arousal.

1) high; low

2) high; moderate

3) moderate; low

4) moderate; high

What was the rationale behind the DSM-5 change in the name of the diagnosis "social phobia" to "social anxiety disorder"

) Social phobias tend to be more pervasive and cause more interference with daily routines than other phobias. 2) A social phobia was termed "social anxiety disorder" in the DSM-III. 3) Many people with social phobias also meet criteria for Avoidant Personality Disorder. 4) Social phobias cause minimal impairment and tend to be of short duration.

Dylan is walking through the jungles of Africa, and he suddenly comes across a ferocious tiger. Which of the following reactions is most adaptive in this scenario?

1) anxiety

2) anger

3) panic

4) fear

Anxiety disorders all share

1) high fear and high anxiety.2) excessively frequent or severe anxiety that results in marked impairment or distress. 3) the same set of anxiety symptoms. 4) panic.

The difference between anxiety and fear is that

1) anxiety is a response to immediate danger, while fear is defined as apprehension over an anticipated problem. 2) anxiety is immediate and fear is anticipated.3) anxiety is apprehension over an anticipated problem, while fear is defined as a response to immediate danger. 4) anxiety is always adaptive, whereas fear is not.

Julie has social anxiety disorder. Given this information, it would not be surprising if she also met DSM-5criteria for

1) schizophrenia. 2) borderline personality disorder.3) avoidant personality disorder. 4) obsessive compulsive personality disorder.

Ted is fearful of interactions with others and avoids eating in public. Ted most likely has

1) specific phobia. 2) panic disorder with agoraphobia.3) social anxiety disorder. 4) paranoia.

To improve performance on laboratory tests, it is best for participants to

1) experience a great deal of anxiety.

2) experience a small degree of anxiety.

3) experience no anxiety.

4) experience a small amount of anxiety as well as fear.

Jenny began to have sudden attacks of anxiety and dread and thus began to avoid public situations. Which disorder did Jenny likely have?

1) Panic disorder

2) Mood disorder

3) Specific phobic disorder

4) Avoidance disorder

How is body dysmorphic disorder similar to OCD?

1) both engage in repetitive behaviors 2) both have repetitive thoughts 3) both spend inordinate amounts of time on their obsessive thoughts4) all of the above

Which of the following is an obsession?

repeatedly checking that the water is turned off. 2) humming a tune over and over.3) having a recurring and false fear that one is giving others illnesses. 4) having excessive worry over finances.

Conditions that are triggered by exposure to severely stressful events are referred to as

1) trauma-related disorders. 2) generalized anxiety disorder. 3) obsessive-compulsive disorder. 4) somatoform disorder.

One new disorder in the DSM-5 is

1) post-traumatic stress disorder. 2) OCD.3) hoarding disorder. 4) all of the above.

Which of the following disorders is NOT part of the DSM-5's chapter on OCD-related disorders?

1) body dysmorphic disorder 2) hoarding disorder 3) obsessive-compulsive disorder4) panic disorder

Commonly reported compulsions include all of the following EXCEPT

1) pursuing cleanliness and orderliness by requesting help from others. 2) performing repetitive, magical protective acts. 3) repetitive checking to ensure that certain acts are carried out.4) engaging in elaborate rituals.

The most common foci for obsessions include all of the following EXCEPT

contamination.

2) travel.

3) sexual or aggressive impulses.

4) symmetry or order.

OCD tends to be

) more common in men than in women.2) more common in women than in men. 3) as common in men as it is in women. 4) most common in older men.

Which of the following is a compulsion?

A persistent fear of getting dirty. 2) Having persistent doubts about whether the stove was turned off that morning.3) Persistent checking for one's keys. 4) Persistent thoughts about harming one's spouse.

Oscar feels the urge to turn a light switch on and off 12 times before leaving a room.
This would be referred to as

1) an irrational belief. 2) generalized anxiety. 3) an obsession.4) a compulsion.