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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inferior courts
lower courts under supreme courts
jurisdiction
authority of court to hear and try a case
exclusive jurisdiction
those cases which a court and itself alone can hear a case
concurrent jurisdiction
sharing power to hear cases
plantiff
person who files suit
defendant
person whom complaint is against
original jurisdiction
court in which case first heard
appellate jurisdiction
court hears from lower court
criminal cases
defendant tried for committing federal crime
civil cases
noncriminal matter
docket
list of cases to be heard
writ of certioari
order by Court directing lower court to send up the record in a given case for its review
certificate
lower court not sure which law too apply/procedure, sends case to Court to receive certification of a solution/answer to specific question in a matter
majority opinion
decision in a case
precedents
examples to be followed in similar cases
concurring opinion
emphasized opinion of one/more judges
dissenting opinions
the opposite
redress
satisfaction of a complaint, payment
courts-martial
not part of federal court, military courts
civilian tribunal
court of appeals for armed forces, entirely separate from military establishment