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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

The axial portion of the body has two large cavities known as the __________ and __________ cavities.

dorsal
ventral

The ventral side of a four-legged animal allows optimal access to what cavities?

thoracic
abdominopelvic

The axial portion of the body contains ________ cavities. (number)

4 or 5

The regions of the abdominopelvic cavity overlying the superior and anterior parts of the hip bones are called the ____________.

iliac (inguinal) regions

In which cavity are the thymus, heart, lungs, trachea, and bronchi located?

thoracic cavity

In humans, the sternum is __________ to the arms but __________ to the abdomen.

medial


superior

The stomach, most of the small and large intestines, and pancreas are located in which cavity?

abdominal cavity

In the human body, how do the sternal, patellar, orbital, and pubic areas differ from the sural, gluteal, sacral, and scapular areas?

The first group is anterior and the other is posterior.

The thin muscular sheet attached to the inferior boundary of the rib cage is the __________.

diaphragm

The region of the abdominopelvic cavity just inferior to the sternum is also called the __________ region.

epigastric

Which quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity contains the gallbladder?

right upper quadrant

A sagittal section will divide the human body into __________ and ____________ parts.

left and right

The study of body structures visible to the naked eye is known as ____________.

gross anatomy

A frontal (coronal) section will divide the human body into ____________ and ___________ parts.

anterior and posterior

In the human body, what do antecubital, axillary, brachial, crural, fibular, popliteal, and sural all have in common?

They are all body areas associated with the appendicular division of the body.

To describe areas on the outside of the body, a person would most likely use ____________ and ____________.

surface landmarks and directional terminology

A structure that is composed of two or more tissue types is a(n) _________.

organ

On the human torso model, the most superficial, superior abdominal organ is the ___________.

liver

The stomach and spleen are found in the ________ __________ quadrant of the abdominopelvic cavity.

left upper

Arrange the following terms by levels of organization from the smallest level to the largest level:



tissue
cell
organ
organ system

cell
tissue
organ
organ system

On the torso model, the most prominent thoracic organs are the heart and ________.

lungs

What is the human anatomical position?

Standing up, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward

A transverse (cross) section will divide the human body into __________ and _________ parts.

superior and inferior