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75 Cards in this Set

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What is a Reconstituted Family?
A reconstituted family is a family that consists of a mother and her children from one family and a father and his children from another family joining together through marriage.
What is meant by the term 'industrialisation'?
When the industry changed from being one of agriculture to one where factories, shops, markets and healthcare was provided. This is the process of Structural Differentiation.
What does cohabitation mean?
Cohabitation is where people live together without being married, it is also seen as a 'trial' marriage.
The definintion of the 'Warm Bath Theory'
The Warm Bath Theory is...
After a long, stressful and tiring day at work, going home to your family or household is said to relax you like a warm bath would.
Who came up with the 'Warm Bath Theory'?
Parsons was the one who believed that the warm bath theory was an important major function of the family (stress reliever).
What is Primary Socialisation?
Primary socialisation is where the family teaches the children the values and norms of society and the behaviour that is acceptable and unacceptable.
What is meant by an Instrumental Leader?
The instrumental leader within the family is the male as he goes to work to earn money and provide for his family.
Who identifield the Instrumental and Expressive Leader?
Parsons identifield the Instrumental and Expressive Leader.
What is meant by an Expressive Leader?
The expressive leader within a family is the women as she looks after the house and children offering support and guidance.
Who are the two Functionalists?
- George Murdock
- Talcott Parsons
What are the four main functions of the family, according to Murdock?
- Reproduction
- Sexual
- Educational
- Economic
What are the four effects of industrialisation according to Parson's?
- Geographically Mobile
- Isolated Families
- Gendered social roles
- Structural Differentiation
Geographically Mobile
Because of industries like factories and shops being built it led to people not relying on their extended kin therefore moving away to follow job opportunities, causing the family to change from being extended to nuclear.
Isolated Families
Families becoming geographically mobile led to people becoming isolated from their relatives.
Gendered Social Roles
Parsons claimed that the nuclear family provided the husband and wife with clear social roles. The Instrumental and Expressive Leader.
Structural Differentiation
Structural Differentiation is the loss of functions for the pre-industrial family through to industrialisation due to structures such as healthcare and education systems taking over said family functions.
What is Marxism?
Based on the Ideas of Karl Marx.
Marxism is a view that critises functionalism. Marxism is the view that the nuclear family is beneficial to capatilism and the ruling class.
What are the Marxist theories?
- That we have a two class society that consists of the proletariat = working class and the bourgeoisie = ruling class.
- We live in a capatilist society that is all about money and profit.
- A working class family has working class children and a ruling class family has ruling class children.
What are three functions that Marxist's believe the nuclear family performs?
- Ideological Functions
- Inheritance of Property
- Unit of Consumption
Ideological Functions
Marx believes the family is bad as it shares a set of beliefs to its children that states that they should always listen to people higher than them. They do this by persuading them that living in a capatilist society is fair and cant be changed.
Inheritance of Property
When someone that is of the ruling class dies then there family will recieve their money and property resulting in it being kept in the family instead of being given back to society.
Structural Differentiation
Structural Differentiation is the loss of functions for the pre-industrial family through to industrialisation due to structures such as healthcare and education systems taking over said family functions.
Unit of Consumption
This is basically about how the family is a unit of consumption, how people buy things that they need and what they dont need benifits the profits that the ruling class recieves.
Who critisizes Marxism and what do they believe?
- Feminists argue that its not just on social class and capatilism but morely based on gender inequalities, where males are dominant within the family.
- Functionalists argue that Marxists do not see that the family is good because it offers mutual support and intimacy.
What is Marxism?
Based on the Ideas of Karl Marx.
Marxism is a view that critises functionalism. Marxism is the view that the nuclear family is beneficial to capatilism and the ruling class.
What is meant by 'Patriarchy'?
Feminists believe that we live in a society that is based upon male dominantion over women as they are seen as more powerful.
What are the Marxist theories?
- That we have a two class society that consists of the proletariat = working class and the bourgeoisie = ruling class.
- We live in a capatilist society that is all about money and profit.
- A working class family has working class children and a ruling class family has ruling class children.
What does Structuralism mean?
Structuralism is the idea that society is shaped and structured around the family and education system.
What are three functions that Marxist's believe the nuclear family performs?
- Ideological Functions
- Inheritance of Property
- Unit of Consumption
Ideological Functions
Marx believes the family is bad as it shares a set of beliefs to its children that states that they should always listen to people higher than them. They do this by persuading them that living in a capatilist society is fair and cant be changed.
Inheritance of Property
When someone that is of the ruling class dies then there family will recieve their money and property resulting in it being kept in the family instead of being given back to society.
Unit of Consumption
This is basically about how the family is a unit of consumption, how people buy things that they need and what they dont need benifits the profits that the ruling class recieves.
Who critisizes Marxism and what do they believe?
- Feminists argue that its not just on social class and capatilism but morely based on gender inequalities, where males are dominant within the family.
- Functionalists argue that Marxists do not see that the family is good because it offers mutual support and intimacy.
What is meant by 'Patriarchy'?
Feminists believe that we live in a society that is based upon male dominantion over women as they are seen as more powerful.
What does Structuralism mean?
Structuralism is the idea that society is shaped and structured around the family and education system.
Structural Differentiation
Structural Differentiation is the loss of functions for the pre-industrial family through to industrialisation due to structures such as healthcare and education systems taking over said family functions.
What is Marxism?
Based on the Ideas of Karl Marx.
Marxism is a view that critises functionalism. Marxism is the view that the nuclear family is beneficial to capatilism and the ruling class.
Structural Differentiation
Structural Differentiation is the loss of functions for the pre-industrial family through to industrialisation due to structures such as healthcare and education systems taking over said family functions.
What are the Marxist theories?
- That we have a two class society that consists of the proletariat = working class and the bourgeoisie = ruling class.
- We live in a capatilist society that is all about money and profit.
- A working class family has working class children and a ruling class family has ruling class children.
What is Marxism?
Based on the Ideas of Karl Marx.
Marxism is a view that critises functionalism. Marxism is the view that the nuclear family is beneficial to capatilism and the ruling class.
What are three functions that Marxist's believe the nuclear family performs?
- Ideological Functions
- Inheritance of Property
- Unit of Consumption
What are the Marxist theories?
- That we have a two class society that consists of the proletariat = working class and the bourgeoisie = ruling class.
- We live in a capatilist society that is all about money and profit.
- A working class family has working class children and a ruling class family has ruling class children.
Ideological Functions
Marx believes the family is bad as it shares a set of beliefs to its children that states that they should always listen to people higher than them. They do this by persuading them that living in a capatilist society is fair and cant be changed.
What are three functions that Marxist's believe the nuclear family performs?
- Ideological Functions
- Inheritance of Property
- Unit of Consumption
Inheritance of Property
When someone that is of the ruling class dies then there family will recieve their money and property resulting in it being kept in the family instead of being given back to society.
Ideological Functions
Marx believes the family is bad as it shares a set of beliefs to its children that states that they should always listen to people higher than them. They do this by persuading them that living in a capatilist society is fair and cant be changed.
Structural Differentiation
Structural Differentiation is the loss of functions for the pre-industrial family through to industrialisation due to structures such as healthcare and education systems taking over said family functions.
Unit of Consumption
This is basically about how the family is a unit of consumption, how people buy things that they need and what they dont need benifits the profits that the ruling class recieves.
What is Marxism?
Based on the Ideas of Karl Marx.
Marxism is a view that critises functionalism. Marxism is the view that the nuclear family is beneficial to capatilism and the ruling class.
Inheritance of Property
When someone that is of the ruling class dies then there family will recieve their money and property resulting in it being kept in the family instead of being given back to society.
Who critisizes Marxism and what do they believe?
- Feminists argue that its not just on social class and capatilism but morely based on gender inequalities, where males are dominant within the family.
- Functionalists argue that Marxists do not see that the family is good because it offers mutual support and intimacy.
Unit of Consumption
This is basically about how the family is a unit of consumption, how people buy things that they need and what they dont need benifits the profits that the ruling class recieves.
What are the Marxist theories?
- That we have a two class society that consists of the proletariat = working class and the bourgeoisie = ruling class.
- We live in a capatilist society that is all about money and profit.
- A working class family has working class children and a ruling class family has ruling class children.
What is meant by 'Patriarchy'?
Feminists believe that we live in a society that is based upon male dominantion over women as they are seen as more powerful.
What are three functions that Marxist's believe the nuclear family performs?
- Ideological Functions
- Inheritance of Property
- Unit of Consumption
Who critisizes Marxism and what do they believe?
- Feminists argue that its not just on social class and capatilism but morely based on gender inequalities, where males are dominant within the family.
- Functionalists argue that Marxists do not see that the family is good because it offers mutual support and intimacy.
What does Structuralism mean?
Structuralism is the idea that society is shaped and structured around the family and education system.
Ideological Functions
Marx believes the family is bad as it shares a set of beliefs to its children that states that they should always listen to people higher than them. They do this by persuading them that living in a capatilist society is fair and cant be changed.
What is meant by 'Patriarchy'?
Feminists believe that we live in a society that is based upon male dominantion over women as they are seen as more powerful.
Inheritance of Property
When someone that is of the ruling class dies then there family will recieve their money and property resulting in it being kept in the family instead of being given back to society.
What does Structuralism mean?
Structuralism is the idea that society is shaped and structured around the family and education system.
Unit of Consumption
This is basically about how the family is a unit of consumption, how people buy things that they need and what they dont need benifits the profits that the ruling class recieves.
Who critisizes Marxism and what do they believe?
- Feminists argue that its not just on social class and capatilism but morely based on gender inequalities, where males are dominant within the family.
- Functionalists argue that Marxists do not see that the family is good because it offers mutual support and intimacy.
What is meant by 'Patriarchy'?
Feminists believe that we live in a society that is based upon male dominantion over women as they are seen as more powerful.
What does Structuralism mean?
Structuralism is the idea that society is shaped and structured around the family and education system.
Structural Differentiation
Structural Differentiation is the loss of functions for the pre-industrial family through to industrialisation due to structures such as healthcare and education systems taking over said family functions.
What is Marxism?
Based on the Ideas of Karl Marx.
Marxism is a view that critises functionalism. Marxism is the view that the nuclear family is beneficial to capatilism and the ruling class.
What are the Marxist theories?
- That we have a two class society that consists of the proletariat = working class and the bourgeoisie = ruling class.
- We live in a capatilist society that is all about money and profit.
- A working class family has working class children and a ruling class family has ruling class children.
What are three functions that Marxist's believe the nuclear family performs?
- Ideological Functions
- Inheritance of Property
- Unit of Consumption
Ideological Functions
Marx believes the family is bad as it shares a set of beliefs to its children that states that they should always listen to people higher than them. They do this by persuading them that living in a capatilist society is fair and cant be changed.
Inheritance of Property
When someone that is of the ruling class dies then there family will recieve their money and property resulting in it being kept in the family instead of being given back to society.
Unit of Consumption
This is basically about how the family is a unit of consumption, how people buy things that they need and what they dont need benifits the profits that the ruling class recieves.
Who critisizes Marxism and what do they believe?
- Feminists argue that its not just on social class and capatilism but morely based on gender inequalities, where males are dominant within the family.
- Functionalists argue that Marxists do not see that the family is good because it offers mutual support and intimacy.
What is meant by 'Patriarchy'?
Feminists believe that we live in a society that is based upon male dominantion over women as they are seen as more powerful.
What does Structuralism mean?
Structuralism is the idea that society is shaped and structured around the family and education system.