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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Synonyms

Soft: Fluffy

Antonyms

Soft: Hard

Homonyms

Ball: Bawl

Cause & Effect

Shoot: Kill

Early stage & Later stage

Bloom: Flower

Raw material vs. Finished product

Iron: Steel

Beginning vs. End

Birth: Death

Larger vs. Smaller

Teenager: Infant

More vs. Less

Mega: Micro

Comparative vs. Superlative

Faster: Fastest

Object vs. User

Scalpel: Surgeon

Object vs. Function

Television: Entertainment

Measurement

Centimeter: Foot

Location

Baghdad: Iraq

Whole vs. Part

Book: Chapter

Meters to Inches

0.0254m = 1 in

Centimeters to Inches

2.54cm = 1inch

Kilograms to Pounds (lbs)

0.45kg= 1lb

Pounds to Ounces

16 oz= 1lb

Pounds to tons

2000 lbs= 1 ton

Pints to Gallons

8 pints= 1 gallon

Quarts to Gallons

4 quarts= 1 gallon

Joules to Calories

4.184= 1 calorie

Fahrenheit to Celsius

F= C x 9/5 + 32

Celsius to Fahrenheit

C= (F-32) x 5/9

Classifying all living things

SGFOCPKD


S- Species


G- Genus


F- Family


O- Order


C- Class


P- Phylum


K- Kingdom


D- Domain

Supplemental Angle

=180°

Complementary Angle

=90°

Discounted Prices

Amt of discount/original price= % of reduction



% of reduction x 100 = final answer %

Traveling/Gas Mileage/Avg Speed

Gallons of gas used* mpg= total miles traveled



Miles traveled/avg speed= hours

Movable Pulleys

Provide mechanical advantage

Hydrometers

Use floats to measure gravity

Mechanical Advantage in Pistons
a^2 x d^2= a1 x d1

a= area, d= displacement

Levers

First Class: Fulcrum is in the middle (scissors)


Second Class: Fulcrum is at one end, load is in between (nutcrackers)


Third Class: Fulcrum is at one end, effort is in between (tongs)

The further away the fulcrum is from the resistance arm...

The greater amount of force that is required to lift the weight and the higher the resistance arm will travel

Potential Energy

Energy stored in an object

Kinetic Energy

Energy in motion

Ammeter

Measures current flow in a circut

Voltmeter

Measures voltage

Multimeter

Measures voltage and current flow

Newton's 1st law

Object in motion will stay in motion; Object at rest will stay at rest

Newton's 2nd Law

Force= Mass x Acceleration

Newton's 3rd Law
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

Weight=

Mass x Gravity

Pressure=

Force/Area

Voltage=
Current x Resistance

V= I x R

Finds voltage drops across a current or a single resistor

I= Q/T

Current= Charge/Time

Distance=

Rate x Time

Area of a right triangle

A= 1/2b x h

Area of a rectangle/parallelogram

A=bh

Area of a trapezoid

A= 1/2(b1+b2)h

Area of a circle

A= πr^2

Circumference of a circle

C= 2πr or C= πd



r= radius, d= diameter

Pythagorean Theorem

a^2 + b^2 = c^2

Trigonometric Functions

Sine (sin), Cosine (cos), & Tangent (tan)

SOHCAHTOA

sin= opposite leg/hypotenuse


cos= adjacent leg/hypotenuse


tan= opposite leg/ adjacent leg


Simple Interest

I=prt



I= interest


p= principal


r= rate


t= time

Compound Interest

A= P(1+(r/n))^nt



A= amount accumulated after n years


P= principal amount


r= rate


n= number of times interest is compounded


t= time

PEMDAS

Parentheses, Exponent, Multiply, Divide, Add, Subtract

Botany

The study of plants and their mechanisms

Ecology

The study of ecosystems. Spans natural environments from microscopic to the planetary level

Zoology

The study of the classification of all species in the animal kingdom

Geography

The study of land masses, structures, and movement patterns over the ages

Geology

The study of the earth, structure, past & evolution

Hydrology

The study of water movement, sources of distribution, and quality on earth and other planets

Meteorology

The study of the atmosphere and assists in the forecasting of weather patterns

Astronomy

The study of the celestial sky; including stars, planets, comets, nebulae

Total degrees=
(# of sides -2) x 180
Gear Revolutions=
r = (D*R)/d ; r*d=R*D

D: # of teeth on gear A
R: revolutions of gear A
d: number of teeth on gear B
r: revolutions of gear B
Mechanical Advantage =
Radius of Axle to handle / radius of drum
Power =
volts * amperes
Mechanical advantage=
Smaller D/bigger D