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47 Cards in this Set

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Anabaena

a type of cyanobacteria that exists as a plankton
 
vegetative cells: photosynthesis
 
akinete: hypnospore
 
heterocyst: N2 fixation
 
muciliaginous sheath: protection

a type of cyanobacteria that exists as a plankton



vegetative cells: photosynthesis



akinete: hypnospore



heterocyst: N2 fixation



muciliaginous sheath: protection

rhodospirillum rubrum

gram-negative, pink colored bacteria
 
spririllum shape

gram-negative, pink colored bacteria



spririllum shape


euglena

supergroup: excavata


 


methylcellulose was added to slow its movement


 


has a pellicle, eyespot, and posterior flagellum, green in color

supergroup: excavata



methylcellulose was added to slow its movement



has a pellicle, eyespot, and posterior flagellum, green in color

euglena detailed structures

trypanosoma sp.

supergroup: excavata


 


type of kinetoplastid


 


was viewed in blood with red blood cells surrounding it


 


appear eel-like


 


undulating membrane

supergroup: excavata



type of kinetoplastid



was viewed in blood with red blood cells surrounding it



appear eel-like



undulating membrane

trypanosoma detailed structures

giardia lamblia

supergroup: excavata


 


causes giardiasis 

supergroup: excavata



causes giardiasis

giardia lamblia detailed strucutres

chlamydomonas sp



unicellular

supergroup: land plants and relatives (chlorophyta)


 


methyl cellulose added to slow movement


 


have two flagella


 


stigma


 


type of green algae

supergroup: land plants and relatives (chlorophyta)



methyl cellulose added to slow movement



have two flagella



stigma



type of green algae

chlamydomonas sp detailed structures

spirogyra sp



filamentous

supergroup: land plants and relatives (chlorophyta)  


 


has unbranched filaments


 


two types: vegetative and conjugating 

supergroup: land plants and relatives (chlorophyta)



has unbranched filaments



two types: vegetative and conjugating

spirogyra sp detailed structures

volvox sp



colonial

supergroup: land plants and relative (chlorophyta) 


 


colonial, each cell synchronously beats its two flagella, propelling it in a spinning motion


 


daughter colonies: the smaller spheres inside the colony, product of asexual ...

supergroup: land plants and relative (chlorophyta)



colonial, each cell synchronously beats its two flagella, propelling it in a spinning motion



daughter colonies: the smaller spheres inside the colony, product of asexual reproduction

volvox sp detailed structures

ulva lactuca



multicellular

supergroup: land plants and relative (chlorophyta)

supergroup: land plants and relative (chlorophyta)

dinoflagellates

supergroup: alveolata


 


primary producers, endosymbionts with coral, and toxins like red tide


 


secondary endosymbiosis from red algae


 


cellulose plates


 


perpendicular flagella

supergroup: alveolata



primary producers, endosymbionts with coral, and toxins like red tide



secondary endosymbiosis from red algae



cellulose plates



perpendicular flagella

dinoflagellates detailed structures

stentor sp

supergroup: alveolata

supergroup: alveolata

paramecium sp

supergroup: alveolata


 


exhibit taxis

supergroup: alveolata



exhibit taxis

paramecium detailed structures

diatoms

supergroup: stramenopila


 


unicellular algae, chlorophyll a and c and xyanthophyll


 


cell wall of silicone dioxide


 


lack stramenopila as adults, so they move with currents


 


25% of carbon fixation


 


ca...

supergroup: stramenopila



unicellular algae, chlorophyll a and c and xyanthophyll



cell wall of silicone dioxide



lack stramenopila as adults, so they move with currents



25% of carbon fixation



can be pennate or centric

brown algae

supergroup: stramenopila



fucus sp.



brown in color

amoeba sp

supergroup: amoebozoa


 


move using pseudopodia 


 


contractile vacuole to expel excess water

supergroup: amoebozoa



move using pseudopodia



contractile vacuole to expel excess water

radiolarian

supergroup: rhizaria

supergroup: rhizaria

foraminiferan

supergroup: rhizaria

supergroup: rhizaria

marchantia sp antheridia

liverworts, phylum hepatophyta


 


male sex organs produce sperm

liverworts, phylum hepatophyta



male sex organs produce sperm

merchantia sp archegonia

female sex organs, produce egg


 


the sporophyte forms on the archegonia after fertilization

female sex organs, produce egg



the sporophyte forms on the archegonia after fertilization

polytrichium sp

bryophtya phylum 


 


sporophyte: capsule on top


 


gametophyte: more abundant greenery on bottom

bryophtya phylum



sporophyte: capsule on top



gametophyte: more abundant greenery on bottom

fern sporophyte anatomy

fern prothallus

has archegonia and antheridia


 


is the gametophyte generation


 


produced when sori mature

has archegonia and antheridia



is the gametophyte generation



produced when sori mature

young fern sporophyte

rhizoids located on bottom

rhizoids located on bottom

horsetails (equestium sp)

it does not have true leaves, photosynthesis occurs at the stems


 


only extant species left


 


strobili cones at the tip of reproductive stems


 

it does not have true leaves, photosynthesis occurs at the stems



only extant species left



strobili cones at the tip of reproductive stems


lycopodium sp

phylum lycophyta


 


needle-like

phylum lycophyta



needle-like

selaginella sp

phylum lycophyta


 


scale-like

phylum lycophyta



scale-like

female cone vs male cone

conifers

conifers

pine pollen

the large air bladders on the side help make it airborne 

the large air bladders on the side help make it airborne

female cone with megasporocyte

pine ovule

mature pine embryo

anther cross section

anther cross section detailed structures

the four sacs are pollen sacs where only one will survive

the four sacs are pollen sacs where only one will survive

tomato cross section

stomata and guard cells

xylem and phloem

monocot stem

dicot stem

monocot vs dicot stem

dicot has a star shape center


 


monocot is circular

dicot has a star shape center



monocot is circular