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40 Cards in this Set

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When did widespread concern about bloodborne infections transform healthcare practices?



A. 1950's


B. 1960's


C. 1970's


D. 1980's

D. 1980's

A retrovirus is one that ________________.



A. Has become immune to treatment.


B. Attacks the body's immune system.


C. Uses a host cell to replicate its DNA.


D. Uses RNA to create DNA.

D. Uses RNA to create DNA


The HIV retrovirus is particularly deadly because _________.



A. It attacks the body immune system


B. Treatments can be dangerous for patients


C. Its hard to diagnose accurately


D. I can become AIDS shortly afte being contracted

A. It attacks the bodys immune system

The bodys immune response to HBV causes damage to the



A. Brain


B. Blood


C. Liver


D. Kidneys

C. Liver


Which statement is true about HBV



A. there is a vaccine but not a treatment


B. There is a treatment but no vaccine


C. There is a vaccine and a treatment


D. None of the above

C. There is a vaccine and a treatment

Which list contains only body fluids that are important potential sources of HIV, HBC, and HCV infection?



A. blood, semen, saliva, urine


B. blood, body fluids containing blood, semen


C. blood, sweat, semen, tears


D. blood, urine, semen, vaginal secretions

B. blood, body fluids containing blood, semen

What are the modes of transmission of HIV outside the workplace



A. sexual contact


B. drug users sharing needles


C. infected pregnant mother to unborn baby


D. all of the above

D. all of the above

Approximately ___________ americans die as a result of HBV infection every year.



A. 500


B. 15,000


C. 5,000


D. 150,000

C. 5000

The most common bloodborne infection is the united states is:



A. HIV


B. AIDS


C. HBV


D. HCV

D. HCV

These viruses attack the liver:



A. HBV and HCV


B. HIV and AIDS


C. HIV and HBV


D. HCV and AIDS

A. HBV and HCV

Fluid from around an unborn baby could be a source of bloodborne infection?



A. true


B. false

A. true

20% of those infected with HCV"



A. die within the first 10 months


B. fight of the virus successfully


C. also test positive for AIDS


D. develop cirrhosis or liver cancer

D. develop cirrhosis or liver cancer

Between 5% and 20% of those exposed to HCV



A. die within the first 10 months


B. fight off the virus successfully


C. also test positive for AIDS


D. develop cirrhosis or liver cancer

D. develop cirrhosis or liver cancer

the current infection control guidelines from the CDC are called:


A. Needlestick precautions


B. universal precautions


C. standard precautions


D. all of the above

pay attention

contact with bloodborne pathogens through invisible cuts associated with ________ can lead to infection



A. shaking hands


B. a rash or dry skin condition


C. exposure to urine


D. nasal secretions

B. a rash or dry skin condition

the main bloodborne infection of concern is


A. HIV


B. HBV


C. HCV


D. all of the above

D. all of the above

the fundamental concept of both standard precaution and universal precautions is



A. creating a sterile environment


B. placing a barrier between yourself and the patient


C. killing the bloodborne pathogens before they can spread


D. appropriately diagnosing bloodborne pathogens

B. placing a barrier between yourself and the patient

the CDC recommends ________ if you may potentially come into contact with blood or other potentially infectious mateials on the job.



A. HIV vaccination


B. hepatitis B vaccination


C. hepatitis C vaccination


D. hepatitis A vaccination

B. hepatitis B vaccination

the Universal Precautions are based on the idea that _______.



A. possible carrierss of bloodborne pathogens should be separated from non carriers


B. special precautions should be taken when dealing with possible carriers of bloodborne pathogens.


C. all patients should be treated as possible carriers of bloodborne pathogens


D. none of the above

C. all patients should be treated as possible carriers of bloodborne pathogens

Accidental exposure applies to any of the following EXCEPT __________.



A. Mucous membranes


B. Blood


C. Sweat


D. Body Fluids

C. Sweat

after a puncture wound or broken skin or mucous membrane contact with bood or potentially infectious fluids, the first step is to ____________.



A. reprt it to your supervisor


B. wash the exposed area immediatly


C. leave the workplace


D. cauterize the are

B. wash the exposed area immediatly

if you are exposed you are entitled to ________, free of charge.



A. evaluation by a doctor


B. confidential medical counseling


C. blood test


D. all of the above

D. all of the above

the primary and most commonly used barrier against bloodborne pathogens are



A. face masks


B. gloves


C. gowns


D. eyewear

B. gloves

personal protective equipment includes all of the following EXCEPT ____________.



A. elbow pads


B. gloves


C. gowns


D. eyewear

A. elbow pads

general purpose utility gloves are _______.



A. used once and then thrown away


B. used for cleaning procedures


C. used for invasive procedures


D. not appropriate for any procedures

B. used for cleaning procedures

Sterile latex gloves are usually used for ________



A. cleaning a blood spill


B. touching blood


C. invasive procedures


D. non0invasive procedures

C. invasive procedures

gloves should be changed after all of the following EXCEPT:



A. they become ineffective due to sweat


B. before removing masks and eyewear


C. if they have become torn


D. periodically throughout the day

B. before removing masks and eyewear

to prevent accidental contamination of your face when removing protective masks and eyewear, which step comes first?



A. performing hand hygeine


B. removing gloves


C. removing face mask


D. removing eye protection

B. removing gloves

protective eyewear should be handled by _______.



A. the arms


B. the lenses


C. gloves


D. gown

A. the arms

The PPE that is used when there is a risk of splashes of potentially infectious materials is



A. a cap


B. booties


C. gloves


D. gown

D. a gown

the CDC estimates that 80% of needlestick injuries could be reduced by:



A. using safer work practice controls


B. using safer needle devices


C. using safer surgical sharps


D. using safer storage of contaminated needles

B. using safer needle devices

according to some studies, nearly half of all needle sticks were caused by



A. vaccination syringes


B. IV needles


C. needlesticks in phlebotomy procedures


D. needles used in blood tests

pay attention

when handling linens, the following is true EXCEPT



A. they could conceal hidden sharps


B. they could conceal hidden areas of contamination


C. they should always be washed inside of a care area


D. They should be handled as little as possible

C. they should always be washed inside of a care area

the biohazard label is used for



A. unregulated waste and specimens


B. regulated waste and specimens


C. only lab specimens


D. only unregulated waste

B. regulated waste and specimens

items such as food and drink should never be stored along with lab materials or in other locations where potentially infectious materials are present.



A. true


B. false

A. true

waste that is wet or dripping or that oozes fluids when pressure is applied, is called _________.



A. unregulated waste


B. regulated waste


C. hygienic waste


D. ordinary waste

B. regulated waste

when decontaminating a spill, apply a germicide or bleach mixed with water until the surface is glistening wet. keep it moist for 5 to 10 minutes, then _____________



A. use a heater to dry the surface


B. dry the surface with washable towels


C. dry the surface with paper towels


D. allow the surface to air dry completely

D. allow the surface to air dry completely

if part of a piece of equipment cannot be decontaminated, _________



A. consult your supervisor


B. leave a note


C. attach a warning label to the part


D. consult repair personel

C. attach a warning label to the part

in the most recent CDC recommendations, the preffered agent for routine hand hygiene is



A. an alcohol based hand rub


B. antimicrobial soap


C. soap and hot water


D. soap and cold water

A. an alcohol based hand rub

hands should be washed in the following situations EXCEPT ____________.



A. at the start of a shift


B. for surgical antisepis


C. when hands are visibly soiled


D. when there is a buildup of alcohol product

B. for surgical antisepis