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56 Cards in this Set

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Which of the following words means a layer of the heart wall?


A. thoracic
B. cardiac
C. mediastinal


D. myocardium
E. cardiovascular

 


D. myocardium


-The myocardium is one of three layers of the heart wall.
 

Which of the following words means a condition involving blood pressure:


A. hypertension.
B. hyperplasia.
C. hypertrophy.
D. cardiopathy.
E. stenosis.

A. hypertension.


 


Hypertension means higher than normal blood pressure. (the root -tens- means pressure)

Which of the following words means an increase in diameter of a blood vessel?


A. vasodilation
B. vasoconstriction
C. hypertrophy
D. macrocytosis
E. macrovasculature

A. vasodilation



The word apex means: 
A. superior or top.


B. tip or end.
C. straight.
D. undeveloped.
E. X-shaped

B. tip or end.

The word for a wall dividing two cavities is ______________, and its plural is ______________.


A. septe; septies
B. septate; septaces
C. septum; septums
D. septa; septae


E.  septum; septa

E. septum; septa

Which of the following words has a prefix meaningbetween? 
A. mediastinum


B. intercostal
C. pericardial
D. infarction
E. endocardium

B. intercostal

The area between the lungs that contains the heart is known as the:


A. mediastinum.
B. sternum.
C. septum.
D. myocardium.
E. intercostal space.

A. mediastinum.

Cardiac problems present at birth are abbreviated:


A. SA.
B. AED.
C. ECG.
D. CHF.


E.  CHD.

E. CHD.


 


Cardiac problems present at birth are abbreviated CHD, which stands for congenital heart disease

Which 2 valves are on the right side of the Heart?
A. tricuspid and bicuspid
B. pulmonary and aortic
C. tricuspid and aortic
D. bicuspid and pulmonary


E. tricuspid and pulmonary

E. tricuspid and pulmonary

The blood vessels supplying the heart are known as the:


A. coronary circulation.
B. pulmonary circulation.
C. peripheral circulation.
D. lymphatic circulation.
E. systemic circulation

A. coronary circulation.

The G in ECG stands for________________ and means _________________________. 
A. grippe; seizure
B. grand; large in size


C. gram; drawing or record
D. graft; transplant
E. Greek; source of many medical terms

C. gram; drawing or record

Which of the following words means the death of tissue?


A. fibrosis
B. mitosis
C. stenosis
D. varicose


E.  necrosis

E. necrosis

Endocardial, fibrotic, and varicose are all:


A. nouns.
B. verbs.
C. adverbs.
D. participles.


E. adjectives

E. adjectives

Mechanical pacemakers are used to treat: 
A. cardioversion.


B. arrhythmias.
C. myocarditis.
D. aortic valve stenosis.
E. ventricular septal defect.

B. arrhythmias

A synonym for mitral valve is:


A. bicuspid valve.
B. tricuspid valve .
C. semilunar valve.
D. chordae tendinae.
E. aortic valve

A. bicuspid valve.

The normal heart rhythm results from the ___________ acting as the ___________ of the heart.


 


A. sinoatrial node; pacemaker
B. bundle of His; conductor
C. Purkinje fibers; bundle branches
D. ventricles; muscles
E. systole; gateway

A. sinoatrial node; pacemaker

The word murmur refers to an abnormal ______that occurs when a _______opens or closes.


 


A. heart sound; valve
B. heart rhythm; valve
C. heart rhythm; ventricle
D. P wave; bundle
E. heart structure; septum

A. heart sound; valve

Which of the following words means occurring in sharp, spasmodic episodes?


 


A. diastolic
B. sternum
C. interatrial


D. paroxysmal
E. prosthetic

D. paroxysmal

Which of the following words means forcible, rapid beat of the heart felt by the patient?


 


A. stenosis
B. intussusception


C. palpitation
D. prolapse
E. asystole

C. palpitation

Which of the following word pairs are opposite in meaning?


A. sinus rhythm and asystole
B. heart block and arrhythmia
C. cardioversion and defibrillation
D. heart inflammation and carditis


E.  insufficiency and malfunction

A. sinus rhythm and asystole


 


Sinus rhythm (normal heart rhythm) and asystole (absence of contractions of the heart) are opposite in meaning.


 

Defibrillation can also be called:


A. cardiomyopathy


B. cardioversion
C. cardiomegaly
D. cardiogenic
E. cor pulmonale

B. cardioversion

Myocardial infarction is _ caused by lack of __.


A. a heart murmur; normal valves


B. death of myocardial cells; blood supply
C. atrial septal defect; oxygen
D. atrial fibrillation; oxygen
E. increased perfusion; plaque

B. death of myocardial cells; blood supply


 


Myocardial infarction (heart attack) is death of myocardial cells caused by lack of blood supply.

Reduced cardiac output leads to a life-threatening condition called: 
A. myocarditis


B. cardiac tamponade
C. endocarditis
D. cor pulmonale


E. pericarditis


 

B. cardiac tamponade

Sudden cessation of cardiac activity resulting from anoxia is:


 


A. stroke
B. cardiomyopathy
C. cardiovascular


D. cardiac arrest
E. cardiogenic shock

D. cardiac arrest



Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, and triglycerides are ______ and determine the risk of _______.


A. components of a lipid profile; CAD
B. elements of a stress test; fatigue
C. elements of a stress test; CAD
D. blood components; obesity


E. enzymes; cardiovascular disease



A. components of a lipid profile; CAD



Identify the elements in the term "cardiomyopathy": 
A. a prefix, a root and a suffix
B. a root, a root and a suffix
C. a combining form, a root and a suffix


D. a combining form, a combining form and a suffix
E. a root, a combining form and a suffix

D. a combining form, a combining form and a suffix

Increases of troponin I and T in the blood are indicators of a recent:


A. ECG.
B. MRI.
C. TEE.


D. MI.
E. PDA.

D. MI.


*(myocardial infarction = heart attack).

A stent is: 
A. increase in urine production.


B. a wire mesh tube used to keep arteries open.
C. a hollow space in a tube-like structure.
D. surgical destruction.
E. surgical repair

B. a wire mesh tube used to keep arteries open.

Which of the following is NOT a risk factor for hypertension?


A. exercise
B. stress
C. tobacco
D. alcohol
E. overweight

A. exercise

A recanalization of a blood ______ by surgery is _______.


A. clot; anticoagulation


B. vessel; angioplasty
C. vessel; diffusion
D. aneurysm; endarterectomy
E. vessel; anastomosis

B. vessel; angioplasty

Which word has a prefix meaning blood?


A. emesis
B. anemia


C. hemodynamics
D. endocardium
E. cardiomyolysis

C. hemodynamics

A dilated, tortuous vein is a ____, and its plural is?


A. venule; venules
B. ventricle; ventricles
C. varicks; varickes


D. varix; varices
E. varix; varici

D. varix; varices

A Holter monitor is a continuous ECG recorded on a tape-recorder cassette as a person works, plays, and rest for at least 24 hours. A Holter monitor test is used as a _______ test for the ______.

diagnostic; heart

How many locations of arterial pulses are there on the body?



9

Purkinje fibers are a network of nerve fibers in the:


A. endocardium
B. pericardium


C. myocardium
D. septum
E. myometrium

C. myocardium

Which word relating to the surgical removal of plaque from an artery is spelled correctly?


A. enderterectomy
B. endartrectomy


C. endarterectomy
D. indarterectomy
E. indartrectomy

C. endarterectomy

The radial artery is located in the:

wrist

Which of the following words has a suffix meaningsmall?


A. interstitial


B. venule
C. axillary
D. edematous


E. varicose

B. venule

A minute blood vessel between the arterial and venous systems is known as a(n):


A. platelet
B. thrombus
C. embolus


D. capillary
E. aneurysm


 

D. capillary.

What is the best definition for claudication?


A. limping
B. leg cramps


C. intermittent leg pain and limping
D. no muscle tone in the legs
E. E.numbness in the legs

C. intermittent leg pain and limping

Which of the following forms of hypertension can be life-threatening?


A. primary hypertension
B. secondary hypertension
C. essential hypertension


D. malignant hypertension
E. None of these

D. malignant hypertension

The word carotid refers to the:


A. main artery of the neck.
B. artery underneath the clavicle.
C. artery in the back of the knee.
D. artery in the groin.


E. vein in the pericardium.


 

A. main artery of the neck.

The P in BP and CVP stands for:


A. peripheral.


B. pressure.
C. palpate.
D. pulmonary.


E. positive.


 

B. pressure.

Which of the following terms is not a common cardiac arrhythmia?


A. palpitations
B. PVCs
C. A-fib
D. V-tach


E.  stenosis

E. stenosis


Stenosis means narrowing (of a heart valve)

Artificial heart valves can be composed of: 
A. metal alloys or plastics


B. tissue from the patient's pericardium
C. tissue from a pig or cow
D. tissue from a cadaver


E. all of these answers are correct

E. all of these answers are correct

A collection of fluid in the tissues is called:


A. pus


B. edema
C. embolus
D. Raynaud disease
E. sclerosis

B. edema

Blood circulates to all parts of the body except the lungs through the ___________:


A. head veins.
B. neck.
C. upper arm.
D. pulmonary circulation.


E. systemic circulation.

E. systemic circulation

The vessels that supply oxygenated blood to the kidneys are known as: 
A. deep veins


B. intercostal arteries.


C. renal arteries.
D. carotid arteries.
E. jugular veins

C. renal arteries.

The heart is located in the thoracic cavity _______ the lungs in an area called the ________.


A. above / thorax
B. behind / intercostal region
C. next to / the rib cage


D. between the / mediastinum
E. in front of / sternum

D. between the / mediastinum

Edema is the:


A. collection of pus in an open wound
B. lack of blood supply to the tissue


C. excessive accumulation of fluid in cells and tissues.
D. excessive accumulation of gas in the artery.
E. fluid left over after removal of cells and fibrin clot from blood

C. excessive accumulation of fluid in cells and tissues

The radial artery is located in the __________and is commonly used to measure the _______________.


A. axilla; blood pressure


B. wrist ; pulse
C. thigh; central venous pressure
D. foot; arterial return rate
E. kidneys; glomerular filtration rate

B. wrist ; pulse

What word means a person skilled in taking blood from veins?

phlebotomist

What develops to take blood through an alternate route?


A. systemic circulation
B. pulmonary circulation


C. coronary circulation
D. collateral circulation
E. intestinal circulation

C. coronary circulation

Which of the following words means a conditioninvolving the veins?


A. arteritis
B. cardiopathy
C. angiography
D. phlebotomist


E. thrombophlebitis

E. thrombophlebitis


Thrombophlebitis is a condition involving the veins. (inflammation of a vein with clot formation)

The D in DVT stands for:


A. disease.
B. diuretic.


C. deep.
D. down.
E. dilation.

C. deep.


The D in DVT stands for deep. DVT stands for deep vein thrombosis.

A site where aneurysms commonly occur is the ____________________.


A. subclavian vein.


B. abdominal aorta.
C. vena cava
D. thoracic duct


E. inguinal area

B. abdominal aorta