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41 Cards in this Set

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Identify: Lingua, paravermis, vermis, lateral hemisphere, anterior lobe, primary fissure, posterior lobe, flocculonodular lobe, nodule, flocculus

Identify: Lingua, paravermis, vermis, lateral hemisphere, anterior lobe, primary fissure, posterior lobe, flocculonodular lobe, nodule, flocculus

Identify: anterior lobe, flocculonodular lobe, posterior lobe

Identify: anterior lobe, flocculonodular lobe, posterior lobe

Identify: fourth ventricle, fastigial nucleus, globose nucleus, emboliform nucleus, dentate nucleus
 
What function do these nuclei serve? 
 
This is a section through the deep cerebellar nuclei and the medulla of the brainstem

Identify: fourth ventricle, fastigial nucleus, globose nucleus, emboliform nucleus, dentate nucleus



What function do these nuclei serve?



This is a section through the deep cerebellar nuclei and the medulla of the brainstem

Primary relay points for efferent fibers traveling from cerebellar cortex (Purkinje cells) to other brain regions

Primary relay points for efferent fibers traveling from cerebellar cortex (Purkinje cells) to other brain regions

Identify where each projects:



Lateral hemispheres


Paravermal zones


Vermis



Use globose, emboliform, and dentate nucleus

The lateral hemispheres project to the dentate nuclei, the paravermal zones project to the globose and emboliform, collectively known as the interpositus nuclei, and the vermis projects to the fastigial nuclei.

Identify superior cerebellar peduncle, middle cerebellar peduncle, and inferior cerebellar peduncle.

Identify superior cerebellar peduncle, middle cerebellar peduncle, and inferior cerebellar peduncle.



What is the function of the spinocerebellum?

Coordinate trunk and proximal limb movements.

What is the function of the cerebrocerebellum?

Coordinate fine motor planning of limbs


Anticipates sensory consequences of movement


Cognitive memory of motor functions



Right hemisphere controls right body, arm, and leg (same for left)

Identify:
Spinothalamic/spinoreticular tract
Superior colliculus
Aqueduct
Periaqueductal gray matter, nucleus of Edinger-Westphal, CN III, nucleus of CN III, red nucleus, medial longitudinal fasciculus, substantia nigra, optic tract, lateral genic...

Identify:


Spinothalamic/spinoreticular tract


Superior colliculus


Aqueduct


Periaqueductal gray matter, nucleus of Edinger-Westphal, CN III, nucleus of CN III, red nucleus, medial longitudinal fasciculus, substantia nigra, optic tract, lateral geniculate body (nucleus), cerebral peduncle, medial geniculate body (nucleus), medial lemniscus

functions in the control of reflex movements that orient the eyes, head, and neck in response to visual, auditory, and somatic stimuli

Superior colliculus

functions in the processing of autonomic and limbic activities, as well as modulation of nociception

Periaqueductal gray matter

passageway connecting the third and fourth ventric

Aqueduct

parasympathetic innervation of the eye to constrict the iris and to the ciliary muscle to alter lens shape for accommodation

Nucleus of Edinger-Westphal

motor control of eye muscles

Cranial nerve III nuclei and nerve

fiber pathway to thalamus for pain/temperature from the periphery

Spinothalamic tract

sensory pathway for proprioception connecting the nucleus gracilis and cuneatus with the thalamus

Medial lemniscus

thalamic relay nuclei for auditory information

Medial geniculate

thalamic relay nuclei for visual information

Lateral geniculate

fiber bundles of the corticospinal tract connecting the cerebral cortex to the brainstem

Cerebral peduncle

optic fibers from optic chiasm to the lateral geniculate

Optic tract

one of several nuclei involved in smooth motor control; degenerates in Parkinson’s disease

Substantia nigra

relay nuclei between the cerebellum to the thalamus

Red nucleus

fiber pathway between the vestibular nuclei and the CN nuclei III, IV, VI to coordinate head/eye movements

Medial longitudinal fasciculus

Identify: superior cerebellar peduncle, mesencephalic nucleus of CN V, middle cerebellar peduncle, locus coeruleus, medial longitudinal fasciculus, fourth ventricle, raphe nucleus (pontis), tectospinal tract, medial lemniscus, pontine nuclei, cort...

Identify: superior cerebellar peduncle, mesencephalic nucleus of CN V, middle cerebellar peduncle, locus coeruleus, medial longitudinal fasciculus, fourth ventricle, raphe nucleus (pontis), tectospinal tract, medial lemniscus, pontine nuclei, corticospinal tract, spinothalamic/spinoreticular tract, CN V, main (chief sensory nucleus of CN V), motor nucleus of CN V

fiber pathway to and from the cerebellum

Superior cerebellar peduncle

fiber pathway to and from the cerebellum

Middle cerebellar peduncle

– three nuclear components of the trigeminal nerve nuclei

Mesencephalic, Main sensory nucleus, Motor nucleus of CN V

motor and sensory fibers of CN V

Cranial nerve V

collection of neurons in the pons that receive input from the neocortex and send crossing fibers through the middle cerebellar peduncle

Pontine nuclei

a noradrenergic brainstem nucleus involved in mood, sleep/wake cycle

Locus coeruleus

one of several serotonin type nuclei involved in mood, sleep/wake cycle

Raphe nucleus pontis

motor fibers from neocortex to spinal interneurons and lower motor neurons

Corticospinal tract

Identify the following: tracts solitarius, medial vestibular nucleus, nucleus solitarius, reticular formation, medial lemniscus, hypoglossal nucleus CN XII, inferior olivary nucleus, pyramid, spinal nucleus of CN V, spinothalamic/spinoreticular tr...

Identify the following: tracts solitarius, medial vestibular nucleus, nucleus solitarius, reticular formation, medial lemniscus, hypoglossal nucleus CN XII, inferior olivary nucleus, pyramid, spinal nucleus of CN V, spinothalamic/spinoreticular tract, spinal tract of CN V, dorsal motor nucleus of CN X, CN X, inferior cerebellar peduncle, inferior vestibular nucleus

nuclei of the vestibular system that regulate balance

Inferior and medial vestibular nuclei

sensory nucleus for taste (from CN VII), glands, chemo/baroreceptors (CNs IX, X)

Nucleus and tractus solitarius

parasympathetic motor nucleus to lungs and gut

Dorsal motor nucleus vagus (CN X)

nuclear and tract components of CN V that extends down into the upper cervical spinal cord

Spinal nucleus and tract of CN V

origin of the climbing fibers to the Cerebellar Purkinje cells

Inferior olivary nucleus

name given to the corticospinal tract fibers in medulla

Pyramid

a network of neurons and axons that reside in the brain stem tegmentum involved in arousal, respiration, heart rate control

Reticular formation

Identify the following: spinal nucleus CN V
Spinothalamic/spinoreticular tract, pyramid, nucleus CN XI, fasciculus cutaenous, lateral corticospinal tract, fasciculus gracilus, central canal, decussation of pyramids

Identify the following: spinal nucleus CN V


Spinothalamic/spinoreticular tract, pyramid, nucleus CN XI, fasciculus cutaenous, lateral corticospinal tract, fasciculus gracilus, central canal, decussation of pyramids

glossopharyngeal nucleus with motor control over tongue and pharyngeal muscles with taste from

Nucleus CN IX