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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The study of the normal functioning of a living organism and its component parts, including all its chemical and physical processes.
Physiology
The study of structure
Anatomy
Collection of cells that carry out related functions
Tissue
The structural and functional units formed from tissue
Organs
Groups of organs integrating their functions
Organ system
Forms a protective boundary that separates the body's internal environment from the external environment
Integumentary system
Provides support and body movement
Musculoskeletal system
Exchanges gases
Respiratory system
Takes up nutrients and water and eliminates waste
Digestive system
Removes excess water and waste material
Urinary system
Produces egg or sperm
Reproductive system
Distributes materials by pumping blood thru vessels
Circulatory system
Coordinates body functions
Nervous and Endocrine systems
Cells positioned to protect internal environment from foreign invaders
Immune system
the "why" of the system or event
function
describing physiological processes by their purpose rather than their mechanism
teleological approach
the "how" of a system
processes/mechanisms
examining processes
mechanistic approach
the ability of the body to maintain a relatively constant internal environment
homeostasis
the internal fluid that surrounds the cells
extracellular fluids (ECF)
fluids within the cells
intracellular fluids (ICF)
the study of body functions in a disease state
pathophysiology
a metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally high blood glucose concentrations
diabetes mellitus (DM)
when normal function is disrupted and disease state results
pathological condition
presence of separate compartments
compartmentation
separate cells from one another and from ECF
membrane
tiny compartments within the cell formed by membranes
organelles
the transmission of information from one side of membrane to the other using membrane proteins
signal transduction
a pressure or concentration difference that drives the movement of materials
gradient
properties that cannot be predicted to exist based only on knowledge of the system's individual components
emergent properties
applies basic biomedical research findings to treatment and prevention of human diseases
translational research
adverse reaction that occurs because patients expects it to
nocebo effect
individual acts as both experimental subject and control
crossover study
estimate values between measured values
interpolate
study carried out for long periods of time
longitudinal study
recruits healthy subjects and watches for development of diseases
prospective study
survey population for prevalence of diseases or conditions
cross-sectional study
compares people with diseases to healthy control
retrospective study
statistical technology that combines data from multiple studies to look for trends
meta-analysis