Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/103

Click to flip

103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the upper chambers of the heart are the
atria
the lower chambers of the heart are the
ventricles
the valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle is the
mitral
the valves that lie between the right atrium and the right ventricle and the left atrium and the left ventricle are the
atrioventricular valves
which of the following receives blood returning from the body?
right atrium
the two-layered sac surrounding the heart is the
pericardium
a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrient-containing blood away from the heart is
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood containing carbon dioxide and waste products back to the heart is a
vein
the liquid portion of the blood in which cells are suspended is called
plasma
the cells that carry oxygen are called
erythrocytes
the cells that combat infection are called
leukocytes
the system whose function is to return excessive tissue fluid to the blood is
lymphatic
the largest lymphatic organ in the adult body is the
spleen
the interstitial fluid collected by structures of the lymphatic system is called
lymph
small spherical bodies made up of lymphatic tissue are called
lymphatic nodes
which of the following is the function of the immune system?
protects the body against pathogens, foreign agents, toxins, and abnormal body cells
which of the following is important to the first line of defense provided by the immune system?
unbroken skin
the combining form angi/o is defined as
vessel
the combining form that means heart is
cardi/o
the combining form that means vein is
phleb/o
the combining form atri/o is defined as
atrium
the combining form thromb/o is defined as
clot
the combining form isch/o is defined as
deficiency, blockage
the prefix that means slow is
brady-
the suffix -poiesis is defined as
formation
the suffix -graph means
an instrument used to record; record
the suffix that means abnormal reduction in number is
-penia
the suffix that means formation is
-poiesis
the usffix that means hardening is
-sclerosis
the term that means enlargement of the heart is
cardiomegaly
the term valvulitis is defined as inflammation of the
valves of the heart
the term ischemia is defined as
deficiency of blood (flow)
the term that means inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart is
pericarditis
hardening of the arteries is called
arteriosclerosis
the term that means abnormal reduction of all blood cells is
pancytopenia
a tumor composed of blood vessels is called
angioma
the term cardiomyopathy is defined as
disease of the heart muscle
the term lymphadenitis is defined as inflammation of
lymph nodes
chest pain that occurs when there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart is called
angina pectoris
the term arrhythmia means
abnormal variation in the heart rhythm
the ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall is called
aneurysm
a sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation is called
cardiac arrest
the inability of the heart to pump enough blood through the body to supply the tissues
congestive heart failure
the condition that reduces the flow of blood through the coronary arteries to the myocardium and is common cause of heart failure is called
coronary artery disease
a malignant disease characterized by an excessive increase in whit blood cells formed in the bone marrow is
leukemia
an acute infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus is
infectious mononucleosis
a disease of the arteries in the arms and legs resulting in narrowing or complete obsrction of the artery is called
peripheral arterial disease
which of the following is also called a heart attack
myocardial infarction
an inherited bleeding disorder most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII is
hemophilia
the term anemia is defined as
a reduction in the number of red blood cells
excision within the artery (of plaque from the arterial wall) is called
endarterectomy
the term that means surgical fixation of the spleen is
splenopexy
the term angioplasty is defined as the
surgical repair of a blood vessel
the term that means surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium) is
pericardiocentesis
the term thymectomy is defined as an
excision of the thymus gland
a surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries is
coronary artery bypass graft
an injection of a medication either intravenously or intraarterially to dissolve blood clots in the coronary arteries is called
intracoronary thrombolytic therapy
the term femoropopliteal bypass is defined as
a procedure to divert the flow of blood past a blocked femoral artery
the procedure which uses a needle puncture to obtain a sample of bone marrow for study, usually from the ilium, is called
bone marrow biopsy
the procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to the area in which the plaque is formed is called
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
an angioscope is an
instrument used for visual examination )of the lumen) of a blood vessel
a record of the electrical activity of the heart is called an
electrocardiogram
the radiographic imaging of a vein is called a
venography
the term echocardiogram is defined as the
record of the heart (structure and motion) using sound
a study that uses sound for detection of blood flow within the vessels is called
Doppler ultrasound
a blood test to measure an amino acid in the blood that if elevated may indicate an increased risk of cardiovascular disease is is
homocysteine
the blood test used to measure the volume of red blood cells is
hematocrit
the device used for measuring blood pressure is a
sphygmomanometer
a test that evaluates cardiac function during physical stress is an
exercise stress test
a test done to determine the time it takes for a blood clot to form is called
coagulation time
a blood test used to determine the concentration of oxygen-carrying components in red blood cells is
hemoglobin
the blood test for determining coagulation activity defects is called
prothrombin time
the term cardiology means
the study of the heaert
the term hemostasis is defined as the
stoppage of bleeding
the term that means a condition of (body) temperature that is below normal is
hypothermia
the term that means removal of the liquid portion of the blood (from withdrawn blood) is
plasmapheresis
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the veins is called a
phlebologist
an anticoagulant agent is one that
slows down the blood clotting process
the puncture of a vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion is
venipuncture
an excessive amount of fat in the blood is called
hyperlipidemia
the term blood dyscrasia is defined as
a pathological condition of the blood
the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles relax between contractions is called
diastole
a lumen is a
space within a tubular part or organ
the term systole is defined as
a phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract
which of the following is the correct spelling of the term which means rapid loss of bblood
hemorrhage
and exaggerated life-threatening reaction to a previously encountered antigen is called
anaphylaxis
a condition in which pathogenic microorganisms, usually bacteria,, enter the bloodstream, causing a systemic inflammatory response to the infection is called
sepsis
the abbreviation for disorder of the heart brought about by persistent high blood pressure is
HHD
the abbreviation for record of the electrical activity of the heart is
ECG
a test to monitor anticoagulation therapy is
PT (protrombin time)
the abbreviation for a nuclear medicine can that visualizes the heart from several different angles is
SPECT
the abbreviation for sudden symptoms of insufficient blood supply to the heart is
ACS
blood pressure may be reduced with the use of an agent that enlarges the lumen of blood vessels, or a
vasodilator
because the collapse of a vein following coronary artery bypass surgery may occur, a significant concern in the care of these patients postoperatively in a blood pressure reading below normal or
hypotension
following her bout with rheumatic fever, the child began showing signs of narrowing of the mitral valve from scarring or
mitral valve stenosis
to evaluate the patient's anemia, the hematologist recommended a needle puncture to remove bone marrow for study or a
bone marrow biopsy
the patient had shortness of breath and pain radiating down his left arm. an EKG showed abnormalities. the further define the etiology of the patient's symptoms, the cardiologist ordered cardiac catheterization, also called coronary
angiography
because of one completely and two partially obstructed arteries, the patient was scheduled for surgery to bring, a new blood supply to the heart muscle by detouring around the obstructed arteries called
CABAG
angi/o
vessel
myel/o
bone marrow
thromb/o
clot
isch/o
deficiency, blockage
brady-
slow