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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ageism
labeling and discriminating against older adults
gerontology
the study of the aging process in all its dimensions (physical, psychological, economic, sociologic, and spiritual)
mortality
death
reminiscence
describing past joys and successes.
Describe Havighurst's developmental tasks related to older adulthood.
Adjust to decreasing physical strength and declining health;
Adjust to retirement and fixed income;
Adjust to death of spouse or companion;
Establish social relationships with persons of same age and with younger persons;
Establish appropriate living arrangements;
Make arrangements for care, if needed;
Accept one's own mortality;
Find satisfaction in one's family;
Accept oneself as an aging person
Explain the psychosocial development of older persons as defined by Erikson.
Challenge - ego integrity versus danger

Necessary accomplishments - balance choices; achieve stability; retire; evaluate life; accept life choices

Virtues - renunciation; wisdom; dignity
Discuss Levinson's and Sheehy's perspectives on older adulthood.
Levinson: life after age 65 is a time for adults to find a new balance of involvement with society and the self. Opportunity for choosing modes of living more freely than before. Successful transitions in this phase result in wisdom and stability.

Sheehy: older adults need to feel comfortable with life changes to attain the dignity that is part of aging. Breaking out of unsatisfactory life patterns is important at this time.
Identify positive factors in the development of the aging person.
Greater amount of leisure time.

More time for meditation and contemplation of life
List stressors for older adults.
Mental health problems.
Changes in physical, financial, and family dynamics are high stressors (eg, loss of spouse, retirement, or changes in vision), losses (subtle or catastrophic).
Identify implications for society related to the increasing numbers of older adults.
Many older people live on a fixed income, which represents a reduction in resources for them. Income is from savings, investments, and retirement.

A majority rely on Social Security income, which was originally designed as a supplement to other income.

Many older people continue to work full time or part time.

Most older adults own their own homes; many do not move after retirement.

Most older people live in urban areas. Trends in housing are toward group housing, shared housing or retirement communities.

Older minority populations are more likely to face health problems because they are more likely to live below the poverty level.

Many healthcare professionals have only begun to recognize that women's healthcare needs differ from those of men of the same age.

About one-third of prescription medications are taken by seniors; often multiple drugs are taken by one person. Adverse drug reactions are more likely to occur in older adults.

Health problems and disabilities increase with a
Explain at least 5 challenges for future healthcare related to changing demographics.
Consumers expect quality, convenient, and cost-effective services for older adults. Groups like AARP and Gray Panthers are likely to have significant political influence.

Financial planning needs to begin in early adulthood to promote self-sufficiency and independence in old age.

Urban transportation systems must assist older adults in maintaining social contacts and provide easier access to preventive healthcare facilities.

More flexible working and retirement schedules, opportunities for volunteer work, and recognition of past contributions are necessary to maximize the resources within the older adult population.

Fitness programs designed for older adults should promote better health in an effort to lower healthcare costs.

Better nutrition in younger years benefits people as they age. Nutrition should play a greater role in preventative heathcare, restoration of health, and maintenance of optimal health throughout the lifespan.

Counseling in the area of health, psychosocial situations,
AARP
American Association of Retired Persons