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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
1954 Supreme Court Case in which racial segregation in public schools was outlawed.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Protest in 1955-1956 by African Americans against racial segregation in the bus system of Montgomery, Alabama.
Process of bringing people of differnet races together.
Between, among, or involving people of differnet races.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Orginization founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Civil rights orginization that advocated nonviolent protest; formed in 1957 by Dr.Martin Luther King Jr. and other leaders.
Nonviolent Protest
A peaceful way of protesting agaisnt restrictive polocies.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Founded in 1960, a student civil rights orginization and an offshoot of the SCLC.
Form of protest in which protesters seat themselves and refuse to move.
Freedom Ride
1961 Event organized by CORE and SNCC in which an interracial
March on Washington
1963 civil rights demonstration in Washington D.C. inwhich protesters called for "jobs and freedom".
A tactic in which senators prevent a vote on a measure by taking the floor and refusing to stop talking.
In the senate, a three-fifths vote to limit debate and call for a vote on an issue.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Law that made discriminaton illegal in a number of areas, including voting, schools, and jobs.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Law aimed at reducing the barriers that prevented African Americans from voting, in part by increasing the federal government's authority to register voters.
Twenty-fourth Amendment
Constitutional amendment ratified in 1964 to outlaw the poll tax.
Nation of Islam
Orginization, also called the Black Muslims, dedicated to black seperation and self-help.
Black Nationalism
A belief in the seperate identity and racial unity of the African American community.
Black Power
African American movement seeking unity and self-reliance.
de jure segregation
Racial segregation created by law.
de facto segregation
Seperation caused by social conditions such as poverty.