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39 Cards in this Set

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Elderly


Individuals over the age of 65

Geriatrician


Specialists who care for elderly individuals, usually those over the age of 65

Incontinence


The involuntary leakage of urine

Kyphosis


A deformity of the spine characterized by a bent-over position; more commonly called humpback

Lentigos


A brown macule resembling a freckle except that the border is usually regular and microscopic proliferation of rete ridges is present; scattered melanocytes are seen in the basal cell layer. It is usually caused by sun exposure in someone of middle age or older

Nocturia


Excessive nighttime urination

Osteoarthritis


Arthritis characterized by erosion of articular cartilage, which becomes soft, frayed, and thinned with eburnation of subchondral bone and outgrowths of marginal osteophytes; pain and loss of function result; mainly affects weight-bearing joints and is more common in women, the overweight, and older people

Osteoporosis


An endocrine and metabolic disorder of the musculoskeletal system, more common in women than in men, characterized by hunched-over posture

Patientcompliance


Obedience in terms of following a physician’s orders

Polypharmacy


The administration of many drugs at the same time

Preventive Medicine


The branch of medical science concerned with the prevention of disease and with promotion of physical and mental health, through study of the etiology and epidemiology of disease processes

Prolapse:.


Asinking of an organ or other part, especially its appearance at a natural orartificial orifice.


Whichof the following is the least likelyto occur with a geriatric patient?


Hyperbilirubinemia

Your68-year-old patient suffers from pain and swelling of his left knee. He alsohas poor vision and hearing. He needs education about how to care for his knee.Which of the following would be the best technique?


Look directly at thepatient, speaking slightly slower in low-pitch tones

Whichof the following patients is most likely to suffer from urinary incontinence?


A78-year-old female patient with a prolapsed uterus

Your68-year-old patient suffers from disorientation to time and place. Which of thefollowing is the most likely problem?


Alzheimer’s disease
When speaking toPeter Smith, which of the following is the best way to address him?
Mr. Smith, how areyou feeling today?

Yourelderly patient refuses an immunization. Which of the following statements is most accurate?


Hedoes not want to be stuck by a needle

Whenproviding nutritional education for an elderly patient, which of the followingstatements is most accurate?


High-fiber food andplenty of water should be included in your diet

Whichmedication would most likely be given to an elderly patient with congestiveheart failure?


Digoxin

Which of thefollowing is not a practice ofpreventive medicine?

Biopsy

Whichof the following patients is engaging in Polypharmacy?


A 76-year-ole female patient taking 12 different prescription medications andtwo over-the-counter supplements



Curvatureof the spine


Kyphosis







Degeerative joint disease


Osteoarthritis

specialists that care for the
elderly

Geriatricians

Decreased bone density


Osteoporosis

liver spots

Lentigos

Severelydebilitating brain disorder; no cure; maintain comfort and safety


Alzheimer’sdisease

Chronicinflammatory disease of joint tissues


Arthritis

Abnormalgrowth of cells that are able to invade other tissues


Cancer

Abnormalheart rates


Arrhythmias

Blockagesof the arteries surrounding the heart


Coronaryartery disease

Abnormalitiesof the heart valves


Valvulardiseases

Thelens of the eye becomes cloudy and opaque, causing decreased vision


Cataracts

Dueto a lack of fiber and liquids to maintain healthy bowel function; alternatinguse of harsh laxatives and antidiarrheal medications


Constipation/ diarrhea cycle

Highblood sugar levels; need to modify diet, increase exercise, and lose weight


Diabetesmellitus
Type II

Bloodpressure elevated over 140 systolic and 90 diastolic; usually asymptomatic


Hypertension

Lipid(fat) levels are above normal; includes cholesterol and triglycerides; morecommon and serious with age


Hyperlipidemia

Endocrineand metabolic disorder of the musculoskeletal system. Loss of bone density that occurs over time.Increases chance of fractures.


Osteoporosis