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37 Cards in this Set

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1. The PMBOK® area called project time management includes all of the following except:

a) Define Activities

b) Assign Activities

c) Estimate Activity Durations

d) Develop Schedule

e) Control Schedule
b) Assign Activities
2. Which of the following statements about the work breakdown structure (WBS) is not true?

a) The WBS provides a hierarchical structure that outlines the activities or work that needs to be done in order to complete the project scope.

b) The WBS should support the project's MOV

c) The WBS should be developed by the project manager.

d) The WBS provides a framework for developing a tactical plan to structure the project work.

e) The WBS provides a bridge or link between the project’s scope and the detailed project plan
c) The WBS should be developed by the project manager.
3. Project success will be determined in large part by _____

a) familiarity with project management software.

b) producing nice looking reports for management.

c) thinking carefully through activities and estimating their durations.

d) determining exact estimates of activity durations.

e) the skill sets of the project team.
c) thinking carefully through activities and estimating their durations.
4. Confidence in project estimates will be highest _____

a) before the project begins.

b) early in the project.

c) once the team members are assigned.

d) later in the project.

e) when the business case is complete
d) later in the project.
5. The Work Breakdown Structure is subdivided into smaller components called:

a) work packages

b) milestones

c) deliverables

d) tasks

e) activities
a) work packages
6. A significant event or achievement that provides evidence that a deliverable is complete is called a _____

a) work package

b) phase

c) milestone

d) checkpoint

e) phase gate
c) milestone
7. To be effective, each project phase should provide at least ___ deliverable(s).

a) one

b) two

c) three

d) as many as needed

e) a project phase does not need to produce a deliverable
a) one
8. In the WBS context, a crux is best described by which of the following:

a) a risk metric

b) a phase gate

c) evidence of a phase completion

d) a deliverable

e) a proof of concept
e) a proof of concept
9. The 100 percent rule relates to___

a) the next level decomposition of a WBS element must represent 100 percent of the work applicable to the parent element.

b) clearly defining 100 percent of deliverables before beginning the project.

c) ensuring that project requirements remain fully static over the course of the project.

d) everyone’s project performance will impact the project.

e) resource requirements needed to complete the project
a) the next level decomposition of a WBS element must represent 100 percent of the work applicable to the parent element.
10. Too much detail in the WBS can lead to _____

a) clearly specified objectives.

b) guaranteed project delivery.

c) time constraints.

d) micromanagement.

e) there can never be too much detail.
d) micromanagement.
11. An estimation technique characterized by schedule and cost estimates of how long something should take or should cost.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
d) Top-Down Estimating
12. This estimation technique may be driven by an upper management mandate.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
d) Top-Down Estimating
13. _____ can be a very effective estimating technique by forcing examination of project risks so that specific budget or schedule targets can be achieved.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
d) Top-Down Estimating
14. An estimation technique characterized by the dividing the project into smaller modules and then directly estimating the time and effort in terms of person-hours, person-weeks, or person-months for each module best describes

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
e) Bottom-Up Estimating
15. With _____, activity estimates are usually provided by the team members.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
e) Bottom-Up Estimating
16. _____ is the most common, real-world method of estimating projects.


a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
e) Bottom-Up Estimating
17. An estimation technique characterized by picking numbers out of the air or "ballparking".

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
a) Guesstimating
18. An estimation technique characterized by the allocation of a timeframe for a specified activity. e.g. a team has two weeks to complete a task and at the end of two weeks work on that task ceases.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
c) Time Boxing
19. _____ may result in long hours and frustration for the project team, which may lead to burnout.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
c) Time Boxing
20. An estimation technique characterized by the recruitment of multiple experts who provide rounds of estimates until a consensus estimate emerges.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
b) Delphi Technique
21. _____ can be very effective and provide reasonable assurance when the stakes are high and and the margin of error is low.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
b) Delphi Technique
22. The _____ estimation method usually costs more and takes longer than other methods.

a) Guesstimating

b) Delphi Technique

c) Time Boxing

d) Top-Down Estimating

e) Bottom-Up Estimating
b) Delphi Technique
23. _____ focuses on the processes, tools, and methods for developing a quality approach to developing software.

a) Software engineering

b) Metrics

c) Estimation

d) Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

e) Heuristics
a) Software engineering
24. _____ refers to a broad range of measurements for objectively evaluating computer software.

a) Software engineering

b) Metrics

c) Estimation

d) Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)

e) Heuristics
b) Metrics
25. The first step in accurately estimating an IT application is to _____.

a) determine the size

b) determine available resources

c) determine project budget

d) set the project deadline

e) determine project constraints
a) determine the size
26. An entity in an Entity-Relationship Diagram (ERD) would be considered an:

a) Internal Logical File (ILF)

b) External Interface File (EIF)

c) External Input (EI)

d) External Output (EO)

e) External Inquiry (EQ)
a) Internal Logical File (ILF)
27. A screen that allows the user to input information using a keyboard and a mouse would be called an:

a) Internal Logical File (ILF)

b) External Interface File (EIF)

c) External Input (EI)

d) External Output (EO)

e) External Inquiry (EQ)
c) External Input (EI)
28. An entity or data set that includes customer names and addresses that is maintained by another application system would be called an:

a) Internal Logical File (ILF)

b) External Interface File (EIF)

c) External Input process (EI)

d) External Output (EO)

e) External Inquiry (EQ)
b) External Interface File (EIF)
29. A management report and its accompanying graphs would be considered an:

a) Internal Logical File (ILF)

b) External Interface File (EIF)

c) External Input (EI)

d) External Output (EO)

e) External Inquiry (EQ)
d) External Output (EO)
30. Something that includes a combination of inputs and outputs for retrieving data from either the internal files or from files external to the application would be called an:

a) Internal Logical File (ILF)

b) External Interface File (EIF)

c) External Input (EI)

d) External Output (EO)

e) External Inquiry (EQ)
e) External Inquiry (EQ)
31. LOC in a software application program

a) can be used to illustrate the fact that experienced programmers tend to write more code than novice programmers would in coding the same project.

b) is a superior method of measuring programmer productivity.

c) would have a similar value for a program written in Assembler as would the same program written in Visual Basic.

d) is easier to count once the program is written than it is to estimate how many lines of code will be actually required to write the program.

e) takes into account the complexity, constraints, and influencers of a project
d) is easier to count once the program is written than it is to estimate how many lines of code will be actually required to write the program.
32. Function points in a software application program

a) can be used to illustrate the fact that experienced programmers tend to write more code than novice programmers would in coding the same project.

b) is a superior method of measuring programmer productivity.

c) is simpler because it does not need to consider user requirements.

d) are a high-level analysis of the application requirements.

e) focus on the functionality and complexity of an application system or module.
e) focus on the functionality and complexity of an application system or module.
33. _____ is a parametric model using dependent variables based upon one or more independent variables that are measures of performance or physical attributes of the system.

a) COCOMO

b) LOC

c) HEURISTICS.

d) CHECKPOINT

e) SLIM
a) COCOMO
34. With COCOMO, _____ projects are routine where the technology, processes, and people are expected to work together smoothly.

a) organic

b) embedded

c) detached

d) semi-detached

e) restrained
a) organic
35. With COCOMO, _____ projects are challenging in that they may support a new business process or area that is new to the organization.

a) organic

b) embedded

c) detached

d) semi-detached

e) restrained
b) embedded
36. With COCOMO, _____ projects are somewhat challenge and may integrate new processes and technology.

a) organic

b) embedded

c) detached

d) semi-detached

e) restrained
d) semi-detached
37. _____ are rules of thumb used to estimate the current project based on prior project experience.

a) Heuristics

b) COCOMO

c) LOC

d) FPA

e) Derivatives
a) Heuristics