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56 Cards in this Set

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red blood cells

Smooth, no nucleus, have outside ring,

normal range: 0-5

white blood cells (including “Glitter” cells)

Granular, round, contains a nucleus, normal range: 0-5


Bigger than RBCs

squamousepithelial cells

irregular cytoplasm, contains a nucleus


Large cell size (largest of Epi) Normal to see in urine.


bigger than WBCs/RBCs

mucus

look in book pg 121

starch (artifacts)


transitional epi

spherical, bigger central nucleus,


normal range 0-5


bigger than WBCs/RBCs

renal tubular epi

large, rectangular, coarsely granulated cells, could be granulated/irregular, or could be smaller/round/oval


has a nucleus eccentric (not centered)


normal range: 0-3


bigger than WBCs/RBCs

oval fat bodies

Never normal; use polarization microscope (to confirm or fat stain)

bacteria

Not normally present

yeast

yeast infection, diabetic patients; look for budding

mucus

crenated RBCs

has the dots

has the dots

RBCs

WBCs

squamous epi

transitional epi

caudate transitional epi

renal tubular epi
bacteria

compare WBCs/RBCs/RTE cells

? look up pictures

yeast compared with RBCs

?

yeast

smaller than RBCs

Trichomonas vaginalis
easy to see when they are motile

easy to see when they are motile; have a flagella at the end

Trichomonas vaginalis

Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm)
add info

oval with flattened side

Schistosoma haematobium
add info

large/oval with pointed end

sperm

fiber (artifacts)



plant fiber (artifacts)



air bubbles(artifacts)

hyaline cast

Low refractive index, normal range: 0-3; better to see under phase microscope

Low refractive index, normal range: 0-3; better to see under phase microscope

granular cast



waxy cast

always clinically significant;
blunt edges with cracks

always clinically significant;


blunt edges with cracks

hyaline cast



RBC's cast

should still see free RBCs

should still see free RBCs

RBC's cast



WBCs cast



WBCs cast

renal tubular epi cast



renal tubular epi cast

fatty cast










free
fat globules, oval fat bodies 

freefat globules, oval fat bodies

MixedCasts (report as cellular cast)

broad cast

2x as wide of a normal cast; usually waxy or granular

AmorphousUrates crystals (phosphates look the same)

UricAcid crystals



CalciumOxalate (dihydrate) crystals

envelope

envelope

Calcium Oxalate (monohydrate) crystals

dumbbells (could be shaped like an oval)

dumbbells (could be shaped like an oval)

TriplePhosphate (ammonium magnesium phosphate) crystals

prisms/ coffin lids

prisms/ coffin lids

AmmoniumBiurate crystal

thorny apples

thorny apples

Cystine abnormal crystal

Hexagonal
plates that may be layered

Hexagonalplates that may be layered

Cholesterol abnormal crystal (radiographic dye look similar)












•Rectangular
plates w/ notches on edges

•Rectangularplates w/ notches on edges

Tyrosineabnormal crystal












•Fine,
colorless-yellow needles

•Fine,colorless-yellow needles

Leucineabnormal crystal

looks like a tree cut in half

looks like a tree cut in half

Bilirubin abnormal crystal












•Yellow
needles or granules

•Yellowneedles or granules

Sulfonamide abnormal crystal












•Needles,
rhomboids, sheaves of wheat, rosettes

•Needles,rhomboids, sheaves of wheat, rosettes

Ampicillinabnormal crystal












•Colorless
needles

•Colorlessneedles