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872 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a-, an-
no; not; without
Example: anorexia (without food)
ab-
away from
Example: abnormal (away from normal)
abdomin/o
abdomen
-ac
pertaining to
Example: cardiac (pertaining to the heart)
acanth/o
spiny or thorny
acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
acous/o
hearing
Example: acoustics
acr/o
extermities; top; extreme point
acromi/o
acromion (extension of the shoulder bone)
actin/o
light
acu/o
sharp; sudden; severe
Example: acute
-acusis
hearing
ad-
toward
Example: adductor
-ad
toward
aden/o
gland
adenoid/o
adenoids
adip/o
fat
Example: adipose
adreno/o
adranal gland
adrenal/o
adrenal gland
aer/o
air
Example: aerobic
af-
toward
agglutin/o
clumping; sticking together
-agon
assemble; gather
agora-
marketplace
-agra
excessive pain
-al
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
alb/o
white
albin/o
white
albumin/o
albumin (protein)
alges/o
sensitivity to pain
-algesia
sensitivity to pain
-algia
pain
all/o
other
alveol/o
alveolus; air sac; small sac
ambly/o
dim; dull
-amine
nitrogen compound
amni/o
amnion (sac surrounding the embryo)
amyl/o
starch
an/o
anus
-an
pertaining to
ana-
up; apart; backward; again; anew; male
andr/o
male
aneurysm/o
aneurysm (widened blood vessel)
angi/o
vessel (blood)
anis/o
unequal
ankyl/o
stiff
ante-
before; forward
anter/o
front
anthrac/o
coal
anthr/o
antrum of the stomach
anti-
against
anxi/o
uneasy; anxious
aort/o
aorta (largest artery)
-apheresis
removal
aphth/o
ulcer
apo-
off; away
aponeur/o
aponeurosis (type of tendon)
append/o
appendix
appendic/o
appendix
aque/o
water
-ar
pertaining to
-arche
beginning
arter/o
artery
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole (small artery)
arhtr/o
joint
-arthria
articulate (speak distinctly)
articul/o
joint
-ary
pertaining to
asbest/o
asbestos
-ase
enzyme
-asthenia
lack of strength
atel/o
incomplete
ather/o
plaque (fatty substance)
-ation
process; condition
atri/o
atrium (upper heart chamber)
audi/o
hearing
audit/o
hearing
aur/o
ear
auricul/o
ear
aut/o
self, own
aut-, auto-
self, own
axill/o
armpit
azot/o
urea; nitrogen
bacill/o
bacilli (bacteria)
bacteri/o
bacteria
balan/o
glans penis
bar/o
pressure
bartholin/o
Bartholin glands
bas/o
base; opposite of acid
bi-
two
bi/o
life
bil/i
bile; gall
billirubin/o
billirubin
-blast
embryonic; immature cell
-blastoma
immature tumor (cells)
blephar/o
eyelid
bol/o
cast; throw
brachi/o
arm
brachy-
short
brady-
slow
bronch/o
bronchial tube
bronchi/o
bronchial tube
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
bucc/o
cheek
bunion/o
bunion
burs/o
bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
byssin/o
cotton dust
cac/o
bad
calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o
calcium
cali/i
calyx
calic/o
calyx
capillar/o
capillary (tiniest blood vessel)
capn/o
carbon dioxide
-capnia
carbon dioxide
carcin/o
cancerous/cancer
cardi/o
heart
carp/o
wrist bones (carpals)
cata-
down
caud/o
tail; lower part of the body
caus/o
burn; burning
cauter/o
heat; burn
cec/o
cecum (first part of the cecum)
-cele
hernia
celi/o
belly/abdomen
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o
head
cerebell/o
cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerumin/o
cerumen
cervic/o
neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
-chalasia
relaxation
-chalasis
relaxation
cheil-/
lip
chem/o
drug; chemical
-chezia
defecation; elimination of wastes
chir/o
hand
chlor/o
green
chlorhydr/o
hydrochloric acid
chol/e
bile; gall
cholangi/o
bile vessel
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
cholesterol/o
cholesterol
chondr/o
cartilage
chore/o
dance
chori/o
chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)
chorion/o
chorion
choroid/o
choroid layer of eye
chrom/o
color
chron/o
time
chym/o
to pour
cib/o
meal
-cide
killing
-cidal
pertaining to killing
cine/o
movement
cirrh/o
orange-yellow
cis/o
to cut
-clasis
to break
-clast
to break
claustr/o
enclosed space
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
-clysis
irrigation; washing
coagul/o
coagulation (clotting)
-coccus (-cocci, pl.)
berry-shaped bacterium
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
cochle/o
cochlea (inner part of the ear)
col/o
colon (large intestine)
coll/a
glue
colon/o
colon (large intestine)
colp/o
vagina
comat/o
deep sleep
comi/o
to care for
con-
together; with
coni/o
dust
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva (lines the eyelids)
-constriction
narrowing
contra-
against; opposite
cor/o
pupil
core/o
pupil
corne/o
cornea
coron/o
heart
corpor/o
body
cortic/o
cortex, outer region
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
cras/o
mixture; temperament
crin/o
secrete
-crine
secrete; separate
-crit
separate
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
culd/o
cul-de-sac
-cusis
hearing
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cycl/o
ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle
-cyesis
pregnancy
cyst/o
urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cyt/o
cell
-cyte
cell
-cytosis
condition of cells; slight increase in numbers
dacry/o
tear
dacryoaden/o
tear gland
dacryocyst/o
tear sac; lacrimal sac
dactyl/o
fingers; toes
de-
lack of; down; less; removal of
dem/o
people
dent/i
tooth
derm/o
skin
-derma
skin
dermat/o
skin
desicc/o
drying
-desis
bind; tie together
dia-
complete; through
diaphor/o
sweat
-dilation
widening; stretching; expanding
dipl/o
double
dips/o
thirst
dist/o
far; distant
dors/o
back (of body)
dorsi-
back
-dote
to give
-drome
to run
duct/o
to lead, carry
duoden/o
duodenum
dur/o
dura mater
-dynia
pain
dys-
bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
-eal
pertaining to
ec-
out; outside
echo-
reflected sound
-ectasia
dilation; dilatation; widening
-ectasis
dilation; dilatation; widening
ecto-
out; outside
-ectomy
removal; excision; resection
-edema
swelling
-elasma
flat plate
electr/o
electricity
em-
in
-ema
condition
-emesis
vomiting
-emia
blood condition
-emic
pertaining to blood condition
-emmetr/o
in due measure
en-
in; within
encephal/o
brain
end-
in; within
endo-
in; within
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestine)
eosin/o
red; rosy; dawn-colored
epi-
above; upon; on
epididym/o
epididymis
epiglott/o
epiglottis
episi/o
vulva (external female genitalia)
epitheli/o
skin; epithelium
equin/o
horse
-er
one who
erg/o
work
erythem/o
flushed; redness
erythr/o
red
-esis
action; condition; state of
eso-
inward
esophag/o
esophagus
esthes/o
nervous sentsation (feeling)
esthesi/o
nervous sensation
-esthesia
nervous sensation
estr/o
female
ethm/o
sieve
eti/o
cause
eu-
good; normal
-eurysm
widening
ex-
out; away from
exanthemat/o
rash
exo-
out; away from
extra-
outside
faci/o
face
fasci/o
fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
-ferent
to carry
fibr/o
fiber
fibros/o
fibrous connective tissue
fibul/o
fibula
-fication
process of making
-fida
split
flex/o
bend
fluor/o
luminous
follicul/o
follicle; small sac
-form
resembling; in the shape of
fung/i
fungus; mushroom (lower organism lacking cholrophyll)
furc/o
forking/branching
-fusion
to pour; to come together
galact/o
milk
ganglion/o
ganglion; collection of nerve cell bodies
gastr/o
stomach
-gen
substance that produces
-genesis
producing; forming
-genic
produced by or it
ger/o
old age
geront/o
old age
gest/o
pregnancy
gester/o
pregnancy
gingiv/o
gum
glauc/o
gray
gli/o
glial cells; neurological cells (supportive tissue of nervous system)
-globin
protein
-globulin
protein
glomerul/o
glomerulus
gloss/o
glucose; sugar
glyc/o
glucose; sugar
glycogen/o
glycogen; animal starch
glycos/o
glucose; sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
gon/o
seed
gonad/o
sex glands
goni/o
angle
-grade
to go
-gram
to record
granul/o
granule(s)
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
gravid/o
pregnancy
-gravida
pregnant woman
gynec/o
woman; female
hallucin/o
hallucination
hem/o
blood
hemat/o
blood
hemi-
half
hemoglobin/o
hemoglobin
hepat/o
liver
herni/o
hernia
-hexia
state of
hidr/o
sweat
hist/o
tissue
histi/o
tissue
home/o
sameness; unchanging; constant hormone
hormon/o
hormone
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
hydr/o
water
hyper-
above; excessive
hypn/o
sleep
hypo-
deficient; below; under; less than normal
hypophys/o
pituitary gland
hyster/o
uterus; womb
-ia
condition
-iac
pertaining to
-iasis
abnormal condition
-iatr/o
physician; treatment
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
ichthy/o
dry; scaly
-icle
small
idi/o
unknown; individual; distinct
-ile
pertaining to
ile/o
ileum
ili/o
ileum
immun/o
immune; protection; safe
in-
in; into; not
-in; -ine
a substance
-ine
pertaining to
infra-
below; inferior to; beneath
inguin/o
groin
insulin/o
insulin (pancreatic hormone)
inter-
between
intra-
within; into
iod/o
iodine
ion/o
ion; to wander
-ion
process
-ior
pertaining to
ipsi-
same
ir-
in
ir/o
iris (colored portion of the eye)
irid/o
iris (colored portion of the eye)
is/o
same; equal
isch/o
hold back; back
ischi/o
ischium (part of hip bone)
-ism
process; condition
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-itus
condition
-ium
structure; tissue
jaund/o
yellow
jejun/o
jejunum
kal/i
potassium
kary/o
nucleus
kerat/o
cornea; hard, horny tissue
kern-
nucleus (collection of nerve cells in the brain)
ket/o
ketones; acetones
keton/o
ketones; acetones
kines/o
movement
kinesi/o
movement
-kinesia
movement
-kinesis
movement
klept/o
to steal
kyph/o
humpback
labi/o
lip
lacrim/o
tear; tear duct; lacrimal duct
lact/o
milk
lamin/o
lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lapar/o
abdominal wall; abdomen
-lapse
slide; fall; sag
layrng/o
larynx (voice box)
later/o
side
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle
-lemma
sheath; covering
-lepsy
seizure
lept/o
thin; slender
-leptic
pertaining to seizing; taking hold of
leth/o
death
leuk/o
white
lex/o
word; phrase
-lexia
word; phrase
ligament/o
ligament
lingu/o
tongue
lip/o
fat; lipid
-listhesis
slipping
lith/o
stone; calculus
-lithiasis
condition of stones
-lithotomy
incision (for removal) of a stone
lob/o
lobe
log/o
study
-logy
study (process of)
lord/o
curve; swayback
-lucent
to shine
lumb/o
lower back; loin
lute/o
yellow
lux/o
slide
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph gland (node
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
-lysis
breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening
-lytic
reducing; destroying; separating; breakdown
macro-
large
mal-
bad
-malacia
softening
malleol/o
malleolus
mamm/o
breast
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jaw bone)
-mania
obsessive preoccupation
mast/o
breast
mastoid/o
mastoid process (behind the ear)
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jaw bone)
meat/o
meatus (opening)
medi/o
middle
mediastin/o
mediastinum
medull/o
medulla (inner section); middle; soft, marrow
mega-
large
-megaly
enlargement
melan/o
black
men/o
menses; menstruation
mening/o
meninges (membranes covering the spinal cord and brain)
meningi/o
meninges
ment/o
mind; chin
meso-
middle
meta-
change; beyond
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o
metatarsals ( foot bones)
-meter
measure
metr/o
uterus (womb); measure
metri/o
uterus (womb)
mi/o
smaller; less
micro-
small
-mimetic
mimic; copy
-mission
send
mon/o
one; single
morph/o
shape; form
mort/o
death
-morten
death
-motor
movement
muc/o
mucus
mucos/o
mucus membrane (mucosa)
multi-
many
mut/a
genetic change
mutagen/o
causing genetic change
my/o
muscle
myc/o
fungus
mydr/o
wide
myel/o
spinal cord; bone marrow
myocardi/o
myocardium (heart muscle)
myom/o
muscle
myos/o
muscle
myring/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum)
myx/o
mucus
narc/o
numbness; stupor; sleep
nas/o
nose
nat/i
birth
natr/o
sodium
necr/o
death
nect/o
bind; tie; connect
neo-
new
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
neutr/o
neither; neutral; neutrophil
nid/o
nest
noct/o
night
norm/o
rule; order
nos/o
disease
nucle/o
nucleus
nulli-
none
nyct/o
night
obstetr/o
pregnancy; childbirth
ocul/o
eye
odont/o
tooth
odyn/o
pain
-oid
resembling; derived from
-ole
small
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
olig/o
scanty
om/o
shoulder
-oma
tumor; mass; fluid collection
omphal/o
umbilicus (navel)
onc/o
tumor
-one
hormone
onych/o
nail (of fingers or toes)
o/o
egg
oophor/o
ovary
-opaque
obscure
ophthalm/o
eye
-opia
visual condition
-opsia
visual condition
-opsy
view of
opt/o
eye; vision
optic/o
eye- vision
-or
one who
or/o
mouth
orch/o
testis
orchi/o
testis
orchid/o
testis
-orexia
appetite
orth/o
straight
-ose
full of; pertaining to; sugar
-osis
condition; usually abnormal
-osmia
smell
ossicul/o
ossicle (small bone)
oste/o
bone
-ostosis
condition of bone
ot/o
ear
-otia
ear condition
-ous
pertaining to
ov/o
egg
ovari/o
ovary
ovul/o
egg
ox/o
oxygen
-oxia
oxygen
oxy-
rapid; sharp; acid
oxysmo/o
sudden
pachy-
heavy; thick
palat/o
palate (roof of mouth)
palpebr/o
eyelid
pan-
all
pancreat/o
pancreas
papill/o
nipple-like; optic disc (disk)
par-
other than; abnormal
para-
near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of
-para
to bear, bring forth (live births)
-parous
to bear, bring forth
parathyroid/o
parathyroid glands
-paresis
weakness
-pareunia
sexual intercourse
-partum
birth; labor
patell/a
patella
patell/o
patella
path/o
disease
-pathy
diesase; emotion
-pector/o
chest
ped/o
child; foot
pelv/i
pelvis; hip region
pelv/o
pelvis; hip region
pend/o
hang
-penia
deficiency
pen/o
penis
-pepsia
digestion
per-
through
peri-
surrounding
perine/o
perineum
peritone/o
peritoneum
perone/o
fibula
-pexy
fixation; to put in place
phac/o
lens of eye
phag/o
eat; swallow
-phage
eat; swallow
-phagia
condition of eating; swallowing
pak/o
lens of eye
phalang/o
phalanges (of fingers and toes)
phall/o
penis
pharmac/o
drug
pharmaceut/o
drug
pharyng/o
throat (pharynx)
phas/o
speech
-phasia
speech
phe/o
dusky; dark
-pheresis
removal
phil/o
like; love; attraction to
-phil
attraction for
-philia
attraction for
phim/o
muzzle
phleb/o
vein
phob/o
fear
-phobia
fear
phon/o
voice; sound
-phonia
voice; sound
phor/o
to bear
-phoresis
carrying; transmission
-phoria
to bear; carry; feeling (mental state)
phot/o
light
phren/o
diaphragm; mind
-phthisis
wasting away
-phylaxis
protection
physi/o
nature; function
-physis
to grow
phyt/o
plant
-phyte
plant
pil/o
hair
pineal/o
pineal gland
pituitar/o
pituitary gland
-plakia
plaque
plant/o
sole of the foot
plas/o
development; formation; growth
-plasia
development; formation; growth
-plasm
formation; structure
-plastic
pertaining to formation
-plasty
surgical repair
ple/o
more; many;varied
-plegia
paralysis; palsy
-plegic
pertaining to paralysis; palsy
pleur/o
pleura
plex/o
plexus; network (of nerves)
-pnea
breathing
pneumon/o
lung; air; gas
pneumon/o
lung; air; gas
pod/o
foot
-poiesis
formation
-poietin
substance that forms
poikil/o
varied; irregular
pol/o
extreme
polio-
gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
poly-
many; much
polyp/o
polyp; small growth
pont/o
pons (a part of the brain)
-porosis
condition of the pores (spaces
post-
after; behind
poster/o
back (of body); behind
-prandial
pertaining to eating or mealtime
-praxia
action
pre-
before; in front of
presby/o
old age
primi-
first
pro-
before; forward
proct/o
anus and rectum
pros-
before; forward
prostat/o
prostate gland
prot/o
first
prote/o
protein
proxim/o
near
prurit/o
itching
pseud/o
false
psych/o
mind
-ptosis
falling; drooping; prolapse
-ptysis
spitting
pub/o
pubis (anterior part of hip bone)
pulmon/o
lung
pupill/o
pupil (dark center of the eye)
purul/o
pus
py/o
pus
pyel/o
renal pelvis
pylor/o
pylorus; pyloric sphincter
pyr/o
fever; fire
pyret/o
fever
pyrex/o
fever
quadri-
four
rachi/o
spinal column; vertebrae
rad/o
x-rays; radioactive; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
radicul/o
nerve root
re-
back; again; backward
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
reticul/o
network
retin/o
retina
retr/o
behind; back; backward
rhabdomy/o
striated (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o
watery flow
rhin/o
nose
rhytid/o
wrinkle
roentgen/o
x-rays
-rrhage
bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhagia
bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhea
flow; discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
rrhythm/o
rhythm
sacr/o
sacrum
salping/o
fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube
-salpinx
fallopian tube; oviduct
sarc/o
flesh
scapul/o
scapula; shoulder blade
-schisis
split
schiz/o
split
scint/i
spark
scirrh/o
hard
scler/o
sclera (white of eye); hard
-sclerosis
hardening
scoli/o
crooked; bent
-scope
instrument for visual examination
-scopy
visual examination
scot/o
darkness
seb/o
sebum
sebace/o
sebum
sect/o
to cut
semi-
half
semin/i
semen; seed
seps/o
infection
sial/o
saliva
sialaden/o
salivary gland
sider/o
iron
sigmoid/o
sigmoid colon
silic/o
glass
sinus/o
sinus
-sis
state of; condition
-sol
solution
somat/o
body
-some
body
somn/o
sleep
-somnia
sleep
son/o
sound
-spadia
to tear; cut
-spasm
sudden contraction of muscles
sperm/o
spermatozoa; sperm cells
spermat/o
spermatozoa; sperm cells
sphen/o
globe-shaped; round
sphygm/o
pulse
-sphyxia
pulse
splanch/o
viscera (internal organs)
spin/o
spine (backbone)
spir/o
to breathe
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
vertebra (backbone)
squam/o
scale
-stalsis
contraction
staped/o
stapes (middle ear)
staphyl/o
clusters; uvula
-stasis
stopping; controlling; placing
-static
pertaining to stopping; controlling
steat/o
fat; sebum
sten/o
narrowing
-stenosis
tightening; stricture
ster/o
solid structure; steroid
stere/o
solid; three dimensional
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
steth/o
chest
-sthenia
strength
-stitial
pertaining to; standing or positioned
stomat/o
mouth
-stomia
condition of the mouth
-stomy
new opening (to form a mouth)
strept/o
twisted chains
styl/o
pole or stake
sub-
under; below
submaxill/o
mandible (lower jaw bone)
-suppression
stopping
supra-
above; upper
sym-
together; with
syn-
together; with
syncop/o
to cut off; cut short; faint
syndesm/o
ligament
synov/o
synovia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
syring/o
tube
tachy-
fast
tars/o
tarsus; hindfoot or ankle (17 bones between the foot and the leg)
tax/o
order; coordination
tel/o
complete
tele/o
distant
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
-tension
pressure
terat/o
monster; malformed fetus
test/o
testis (testicle)
tetra-
four
thalam/o
thalamus
thalass/o
sea
the/o
put; place
thec/o
sheath
thel/o
nipple
therapeut/o
treatment
-therapy
treatment
therm/o
heat
thorac/o
chest
-thorax
chest; pleural cavity
thromb/o
clot
thym/o
thymus (gland)
-thymia
mind (condition of)
-thymic
pertaining to mind
thyr/o
thyroid gland; shield
thyroid/o
thyroid gland
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
-tic
pertaining to
toc/o
labor; birth
tocia
labor; birth (condition of)
-tocin
labor; birth (a substance for)
tom/o
to cut
-tome
instrument to cut
-tomy
process of cutting
ton/o
tension
tone/o
to stretch
tonsill/o
tonsil
top/o
place; position; location
-tory
pertaining to
tox/o
poison
toxic/o
poison
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
trans-
across; through
-tresia
opening
tri-
three
trich/o
hair
trigon/o
trigone (area within the bladder)
-tripsy
crushing
troph/o
nourishment; development
-trophy
nourishment; development (condition of)
-tropia
to turn
-tropic
pertaining to stimulating
-tropin
stimulate; act on
tympan/o
tympanic membrane (eardrum); middle ear
-type
classification; picture
-ule
little; small
uln/o
ulaa (medial lower arm bone)
ultra-
beyond; excess
-um
structure; tissue; thing
umbilic/o
umbilicus (navel)
ungu/o
nail
uni-
one
ur/o
urine; urinary tract
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
-uria
urination; condition of urine
urin/o
urine
-us
structure; thing
uter/o
uterus (womb)
uve/o
uvea; vascular layer of eye (iris, choroid, ciliary body)
uvul/o
uvula
vag/o
vagus nerve
vagin/o
vagina
valv/o
valve
valvul/o
valve
varic/o
varicose veins
vas/o
vessel; duct; vas deferens
vascul/o
vessel (blood)
ven/o; ven/i
vein
vener/o
venereal (sexual contact)
ventr/o
belly side of body
ventricul/o
ventricle (of heart or brain)
venul/o
venule (small vein)
-verse
to turn
-version
to turn
vertebr/o
vertebra (backbone)
vesic/o
urinary bladder
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
vestibul/o
vestibule of the inner ear
viscer/o
internal organs
vit/o
life
vitr/o
vitreous body (of the eye)
vitre/o
glass
viv/o
life
vol/o
to roll
vulv/o
vulva (female external genitalia
xanth/o
yellow
xen/o
stranger
xer/o
dry
xiph/o
sword
-y
condition; process
zo/o
animal life