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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Right
- Toward the body's right side.
- The ___ ear.
Left
- Toward the body's left side.
- The ___ ear.
Dorsal
- Back
- Toward the back
- The spine is ____ to the breastbone.
Inferior
- Lower
- Below
- The nose is ___ to the forehead.
Ventral
- Belly
- Toward the belly.
- The navel is ____ to the spine.
Superior
- Higher
- Above
- The mouth is ___ to the chin.
Proximal
- Nearest.
- Closer to the point of attachment.
- The elbow is ____ to the wrist.
Anterior
- To go before.
- Toward the front of the body.
- The teeth are ____ to the throat.
Distal
- To be distant.
- Farther from a point of attachment.
- The knee is ____ to the hip.
Posterior
- Following
- Toward the back of the body.
- The brain is ____ to the eyes.
Lateral
- Side
- Away from the midline of the body.
- The nipple is ____ to the breastbone.
Medial
- Middle.
- Toward the middle or midline of the body.
- The bridges of the nose is ____ to the eye.
Superficial
- Surface
- Toward or on the surface.
- The skin is ____ to the muscle.
Deep
- Away from the surface, internal.
- The lungs are ____ to the ribs.
Ipsilateral
- Same side.
Contralateral
- Opposite side.
Unilateral
- One side.
Bilateral
- Both sides.
Prone
- Face up.
Supine
- Face up.
Arm
- Shoulder to elbow.
Forearm
- Elbow to wrist.
Thigh
- Hip to knee.
Leg
Knee to ankle.
Flexion
- Decreasing joint angle in saggital plane.
Extension
- Increasing joint angle in saggital plane.
Abduction
- Away from midline in frontal plane.
Adduction
- Toward midline in frontal plane.
Horizontal Abduction
- Away from midlin ein transverse plane.
Internal (media) Rotation
- Toward midline in transverse plane.
External (lateral) Rotation
- Away from midline in transverse plane.
Lateral Flexon (R/L)
- Away from midline in frontal plane; common in neck and trunk.
Rotaion (R/L)
- In transverse plane; comon in trunk and neck.
Elevation
- Superior shoulder movement in frontal plane.
Depression
- Inferior shoulder movement in frontal plane.
Retraction
- Scapula toward spine in transverse plane.
Protraction
- Scapula away from spine in transverse plane.
Circumduction
- Circular movement involving flexion, extension, ADD and ABD.
Radial/Ulnar Deviation
- Movement of wrist and frontal plane.
Opposition
- Thumb to 5th digit movement.
Eversion/Inversion
- ADD/ABD of ankle.
Dorsi/Plantar Flexsion
- Foot movement in saggital plane.
Pronation
- Inward movement/rolling of wrist.
Supination
- Outward movement/rolling of wrist.