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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
euphemism
substituting an offensive expression with an agreeable expression
hyperbole
an exaggeration for emphasis with humorous or serious effects eg. Her scream could be heard around the world.
idiom
a group of words that, when used together have a different meaning from the component words eg. It's raining cats and dogs.
meiosis (understatement)
presenting something as less significant than it really is
metaphor
implied comparison between two unlike things that states that two things are the same eg. My future is so bright I have to wear shades.
metonymy
the name of an object or idea is substituted for another word to which it has some relation eg. When I consider how my light is spent
oxymoron
a phrase of contradictory terms eg. glorious pain
paradox
a statement that at first appears contradictory, but which, on closer examination, proves to be truthful eg. Parental punishment is an expression of love
personification
where a non-human thing is given human attribute eg. The flowers danced in the wind.
pun
humorous use of a word to suggest different meanings -- a play on words
simile
a direct comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as eg. My love is like a red rose.
synecdoche
where a part represents the whole object or idea
Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
Of princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sound eg. the bees buzzed around the bubbling brook.
assonance
repetition of vowel sound
eg. Our echoes roll from soul to soul and grow for ever and ever.
cacophony
discordant or harsh sounds used for effect
eg. The clinching interlocking claws, a living fierce, gyrating wheel
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds that are NOT at the beginning of a word
eg. The sides of wet stones cannot console me
dissonance
lack of harmony between words, a mix of consonance and cacophony
euphony
a pleasant combination of sounds
eg. So smooth, so sweet, so silvery is thy voice.
onomatopoeia
a word whose sound imitates, suggests and reinforces its meaning
eg. Only the stuttering rifle's rapid rattle
Can patter out their hasty orisons
repetition
repeating key words, phrases, sounds to emphasize importance
allusion
reference to a famous literary, mythological, Biblical or historical figure or event
eg. He felt as if he'd just been given a forbidden apple to eat.
analogy
comparison between one thing and another
apostrophe
directly addressing an abstract quality or nonexistent person as though it were present (like personification)
eg. Death, where is thy sting?
cliche
a phrase of idea that loses its effect and elevance because it has been used so much
eg. busy as bees
colloquial
phrases used in everyday language
eg. It's a cinch
imagery
language (words, phrases, lines) that paints a mental picture in the mind of the reader
irony
a figure of speech in which the literal meaning is the opposite of the intended meaning
eg. verbal irony--one thing is said but another is meant
mood
that state of mind of feeling that a poem creates in the reader
parody
a ridiculing imitation of a literary work
satire
a literary work that uses irony or sarcasm to discredit and ridicule
theme
the message a poem sends to its readers--often teaches its readers something about life
tone
the poet's or speaker's attitude toward the subject or the audience