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85 Cards in this Set

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Abelia x grandiflora
Abelia x grandiflora
glossy abelia
glossy abelia
small buds with two pairs of scales
deciduous to semi-evergreen
multistemmed, dense shrub with arching branches
opposite leaf arrangement
shallow, dentate leaf margins
tubular pink flowers during summer
This abelia hybrid is a rounded, spreading, mu
small buds with two pairs of scales
deciduous to semi-evergreen
multistemmed, dense shrub with arching branches
opposite leaf arrangement
shallow, dentate leaf margins
tubular pink flowers during summer
This abelia hybrid is a rounded, spreading, multi-stemmed shrub in the honeysuckle family. Typically grows on gracefully arching branches to 2-4' tall in the St. Louis area, but usually taller (to 6' tall ) in the warm winter climates of the South (USDA Zones 8-9). In years where the stems die to the ground in winter but the plant survives, flowering will still occur, but on smaller plants that typically reach a height of only 1-1.5'. Features clusters of white-tinged-pink, bell-shaped flowers (to 3/4" long) which appear in the upper leaf axils and stem ends over a long and continuous late spring to fall bloom period. Flowers are fragrant. Ovate, glossy, dark green leaves (to 1.25" long) turn purplish-bronze in autumn. This hybrid is a cross between A. chinensis and A. uniflora.
Abelia x grandiflora
Abelia x grandiflora
glossy abelia
glossy abelia
Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
golddust; golddust aucuba
golddust; golddust aucuba
GROWTH HABIT: Grows 3' to 5' tall with cane type growth.

LEAVES: Opposite with speckled variegation over the entire leaf. Up to 7" long with serrations starting a quarter of the way up the leaf.
GROWTH HABIT: Grows 3' to 5' tall with cane type growth.

LEAVES: Opposite with speckled variegation over the entire leaf. Up to 7" long with serrations starting a quarter of the way up the leaf.
Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
golddust; golddust aucuba
golddust; golddust aucuba
Berberis julianae
Berberis julianae
wintergreen barberry
wintergreen barberry
large, spiny, evergreen, shiny leaves
large, three-branched spines at nodes
yellow-brown bark on stems
yellow flowers in spring
bluish-black fruit in fall
large, spiny, evergreen, shiny leaves
large, three-branched spines at nodes
yellow-brown bark on stems
yellow flowers in spring
bluish-black fruit in fall
Berberis julianae
Berberis julianae
wintergreen barberry
wintergreen barberry
Buxus microphylla var. japonica
Buxus microphylla var. japonica
Japanese boxwood
Japanese boxwood
Japanese Boxwood is a dense rounded shrub growing only 6 feet tall, but grows faster than the species. The small, lance shaped leaves are dark green and turn bronze in winter.
Japanese Boxwood is a dense rounded shrub growing only 6 feet tall, but grows faster than the species. The small, lance shaped leaves are dark green and turn bronze in winter.
Buxus microphylla var. japonica
Buxus microphylla var. japonica
Japanese boxwood
Japanese boxwood
Buxus sempervirens
Buxus sempervirens
English boxwood; common boxwood
English boxwood; common boxwood
Leaf: Opposite, simple, elliptical to oblong, entire margin, evergreen, 1/2 to 1 inch long, shiny dark green above, paler below where the midvein is light yellow. Foliage is very smelly.
Flower: Pale yellow, in tight round clusters in the leaf axils, 1/2
Leaf: Opposite, simple, elliptical to oblong, entire margin, evergreen, 1/2 to 1 inch long, shiny dark green above, paler below where the midvein is light yellow. Foliage is very smelly.
Flower: Pale yellow, in tight round clusters in the leaf axils, 1/2 inch across, appearing in late spring.
Fruit: Dry, 3 parted capsule, 1/3 inch long, 3 small horns at the top, mature in late summer.
Twig: Slender, grooved or angled, green, buds are small.
Bark: Light brown and very finely grooved and furrowed, develops a very small square pattern.
Form: Large, round dense shrub with foliage to the ground; may reach 15 feet in height.
Buxus sempervirens
Buxus sempervirens
English boxwood; common boxwood
English boxwood; common boxwood
Camellia japonica
Camellia japonica
camellia; Japanese camellia
camellia; Japanese camellia
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical to ovate, 2 to 5 inches long, pointy tip, finely but sharply serrated, leathery, dark shiny green above, green below.
Flower: Attractive, with numerous rose like petals, color and shape (single, double, etc.
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical to ovate, 2 to 5 inches long, pointy tip, finely but sharply serrated, leathery, dark shiny green above, green below.
Flower: Attractive, with numerous rose like petals, color and shape (single, double, etc.) varies with cultivar, colors ranging from red, pink to white, centers with yellow anthers, 3 to 6 inches across, appearing in late fall through early spring.
Fruit: Dry, round, woody capsule 1/2 to 1 inch long (look like small cantaloupes), initially green but ripening in the fall to a light brown, not showy.
Twig: Moderately stout, light brown, glabrous; flower buds quite large (3/4 inch) with imbricate scales, fuzzy greenish brown, vegetative buds much smaller.
Bark: Smooth light brown to gray-brown.
Form: Large multi-branched shrub up to 15 feet.
Camellia japonica
Camellia japonica
camellia; Japanese camellia
camellia; Japanese camellia
Camellia sasanqua
Camellia sasanqua
sasanqua camellia
sasanqua camellia
Texture: Medium
Form: Upright, densely branched shrub; pyramidal to oval shape
Flower/Fruit: 2 to 3" single or double white, pink or red flowers in fall
Foliage: Alternate, simple, lustrous dark green leaves; 1.5 to 3" long
Texture: Medium
Form: Upright, densely branched shrub; pyramidal to oval shape
Flower/Fruit: 2 to 3" single or double white, pink or red flowers in fall
Foliage: Alternate, simple, lustrous dark green leaves; 1.5 to 3" long
Camellia sasanqua
Camellia sasanqua
sasanqua camellia
sasanqua camellia
Euonymus fortunei
Euonymus fortunei
wintercreeper euonymus
wintercreeper euonymus
green stems
serrated leaves
opposite leaf arrangement
white leaf midribs

It is a woody evergreen shrub which grows as a vine if provided with support. As such it grows to 20 m (66 ft), climbing by means of small rootlets on the stems, similar to ivy
green stems
serrated leaves
opposite leaf arrangement
white leaf midribs

It is a woody evergreen shrub which grows as a vine if provided with support. As such it grows to 20 m (66 ft), climbing by means of small rootlets on the stems, similar to ivy (an example of convergent evolution, as the two species are not related). Like ivy, it also has a sterile non-flowering juvenile climbing or creeping phase, which on reaching high enough into the crowns of trees to get more light, develops into an adult, flowering phase without climbing rootlets.
The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 2-6 cm long and 1-3 cm broad, with finely serrated margins. The flowers are inconspicuous, 5 mm in diameter, with four small greenish-yellow petals. The fruit is a four-lobed pale green pod-like berry, which splits open to reveal the fleshy-coated orange seeds, one seed in each lobe.
Euonymus fortunei
Euonymus fortunei
wintercreeper euonymus
wintercreeper euonymus
Fatsia japonica
Fatsia japonica
Japanese fatsia
Japanese fatsia
magine an ivy plant on hormones! Fatsia has huge, up to 12 in (30 cm) wide leaves that are deeply lobed and slightly serrated. Petioles, or leaf stems, are quite long, and hold the leaves up and out with the plant growing to heights of about 8 ft (2.4 m) and about half as wide. The upright stems are covered with prominent leaf scars and mostly unbranched. The weight of the leaves tends to make the plant list to one side or another. Flowering season is fall, but plants must be mature to bloom. Flowers are white, held on a white stalk in small terminal clusters and followed by small, fleshy black fruit. Neither adds much to landscape appearance, and may be almost overlooked. This plant is mainly grown for its outstandingly attractive foliage.
Fatsia japonica
Fatsia japonica
Japanese fatsia
Japanese fatsia
Gardenia augusta
Gardenia augusta
gardenia; cape jessamine
gardenia; cape jessamine
Picture gorgeous, dark to bright green, opposite leaves on a shrub that can grow 6-8 ft (1.8-2.4 m) high with almost equal spread. The leaves are glossy and leathery. Mature shrubs usually look round, and have a medium texture. This is not a "bloom all at
Picture gorgeous, dark to bright green, opposite leaves on a shrub that can grow 6-8 ft (1.8-2.4 m) high with almost equal spread. The leaves are glossy and leathery. Mature shrubs usually look round, and have a medium texture. This is not a "bloom all at once and it's over" shrub! It blooms in mid-spring to early summer over a fairly long season. The flowers are white, turning to creamy yellow as they age, and have a waxy feel. They have a powerful, sweet fragrance, and can perfume an entire room.
Gardenia augusta
Gardenia augusta
gardenia; cape jessamine
gardenia; cape jessamine
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Chinese hibiscus
Chinese hibiscus
A popular landscape plant in warm climates, this shrub creates a bold effect with its medium-textured, glossy dark green leaves and vibrantly-colored, four to eight-inch-wide, showy flowers, produced throughout the year. In cooler regions, hibiscus bloom
A popular landscape plant in warm climates, this shrub creates a bold effect with its medium-textured, glossy dark green leaves and vibrantly-colored, four to eight-inch-wide, showy flowers, produced throughout the year. In cooler regions, hibiscus bloom throughout the warmer growing season. When flowering, this plant attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. While it can bloom abundantly, each flower only lasts for a day or two.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Chinese hibiscus
Chinese hibiscus
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
Burford holly
Burford holly
Leaves have a sharp point at the tip, and some leaves develop two spines on the side. Burfords berry freely and without pollination, and the fruit lasts for months, providing a food source for birds into late spring.
Leaves have a sharp point at the tip, and some leaves develop two spines on the side. Burfords berry freely and without pollination, and the fruit lasts for months, providing a food source for birds into late spring.
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii'
Burford holly
Burford holly
Flower/Fruit: Small, dull white flowers in spring; 0.2 to 0.3" bright to dull red berries in clusters of 3 to 8; heavy production without pollination; persist into winter
Foliage: Alternate, simple, olive-green leaves; 2 to 3" long; small, single terminal spine; margins are usually smooth
Comments: Drought and heat tolerant; use as a small tree or hedge; flowers attract bees
Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda'
Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda'
dwarf Chinese holly; Rotunda holly
dwarf Chinese holly; Rotunda holly
Form: Compact; rounded
	Flower/Fruit: Small white flowers in spring; red berries
	Foliage: Alternate, simple dark olive green leaves; convex; triangular; 1.5 to 3.5"; tip spines reflexed; 3 to 5 spines on each side of leaf
Form: Compact; rounded
Flower/Fruit: Small white flowers in spring; red berries
Foliage: Alternate, simple dark olive green leaves; convex; triangular; 1.5 to 3.5"; tip spines reflexed; 3 to 5 spines on each side of leaf
Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda'
Ilex cornuta 'Rotunda'
dwarf Chinese holly; Rotunda holly
dwarf Chinese holly; Rotunda holly
FLOWERS: Polygamo-dioecious.

FRUIT: Red but not easily seen because they are usually hidden by the foliage.

GROWTH HABIT: Grows 3' to 5' tall.

LEAVES: Are alternate with 5-7 spines (3 terminal, 2 basal, and 2 on the sides). Terminal spine is turn
FLOWERS: Polygamo-dioecious.

FRUIT: Red but not easily seen because they are usually hidden by the foliage.

GROWTH HABIT: Grows 3' to 5' tall.

LEAVES: Are alternate with 5-7 spines (3 terminal, 2 basal, and 2 on the sides). Terminal spine is turned down. Puckering between the veins. Looks like George Washington's hat as pictured in the famous painting of him crossing the Delaware River.
Ilex crenata
Ilex crenata
Japanese holly
Japanese holly
alternate leaf arrangement and small marginal serrations separate it from Buxus sp. which has opposite leaves and no serrations
dense, rigid, multibranched habit
lustrous evergreen leaves
black fruit
Ilex crenata
Ilex crenata
Japanese holly
Japanese holly
Ilex vomitoria
Ilex vomitoria
yaupon holly; yaupon
yaupon holly; yaupon
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, margin with rounded teeth, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inch long, shiny dark green above, pale below.
Flower: Dioecious; small greenish white, males numerous and in clusters, female solitary or in small clusters, appear in late sprin
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, margin with rounded teeth, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inch long, shiny dark green above, pale below.
Flower: Dioecious; small greenish white, males numerous and in clusters, female solitary or in small clusters, appear in late spring.
Fruit: Berry-like drupe, dark orange to red, 1/4 to 1/3 inch in diameter, ripen in late summer, persistent and usually numerous.
Twig: Slender, stiff, initially purplish brown, velvety, but turning light gray and glabrous, buds very small and dark.
Bark: Thin, smooth and light gray, may be come a bit scaly.
Form: Evergreen shrub forming thickets with numerous stems and branches, reaches up to 20 feet.
Ilex vomitoria
Ilex vomitoria
yaupon holly; yaupon
yaupon holly; yaupon
Illicium floridanum
Illicium floridanum
Florida anise
Florida anise
Florida anise is a broad-leaved evergreen shrub or small tree with a compact stature and a maximum height of 10 ft (3 m). The leaves are leathery, smooth and shiny, 2-6 in (5-15 cm) long and an inch or two wide. When crushed, they emit a characteristic an
Florida anise is a broad-leaved evergreen shrub or small tree with a compact stature and a maximum height of 10 ft (3 m). The leaves are leathery, smooth and shiny, 2-6 in (5-15 cm) long and an inch or two wide. When crushed, they emit a characteristic anise-like odor, obnoxious to some, but pleasant to others. The flowers, about 2 in (5 cm) in diameter with 20-30 slender maroon petals, are attractive but tend to be overlooked in the lush shiny foliage. The flowers also have a peculiar odor - like that of a live fish! When ripe, the shiny, jewel-like seeds literally explode out of the papery star-shaped fruits. Several cultivars, including one with white flowers, are available.
Illicium floridanum
Illicium floridanum
Florida anise
Florida anise
Illicium floridanum
Illicium floridanum
Florida anise
Illicium parviflorum
Illicium parviflorum
small anise-tree
small anise-tree
FLOWERS: Small, white flowers in the spring.

GROWTH HABIT: Grows 6' to 12' tall.

LEAVES: Alternate. Waxy, are held up (point up), and are light green with entire margins that are slightly revolute (turned under). Have indistinct venation and a very
FLOWERS: Small, white flowers in the spring.

GROWTH HABIT: Grows 6' to 12' tall.

LEAVES: Alternate. Waxy, are held up (point up), and are light green with entire margins that are slightly revolute (turned under). Have indistinct venation and a very distinct smell when crushed.
Illicium parviflorum
Illicium parviflorum
small anise-tree
small anise-tree
Lantana camara
Lantana camara
lantana
lantana
This is a climbing perennial (lives more than 2 years) shrub which forms dense thickets. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly (spiny) with glands on young parts.

Leave are matt, mid-green, deeply veined and sometimes hairy. The lam
This is a climbing perennial (lives more than 2 years) shrub which forms dense thickets. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly (spiny) with glands on young parts.

Leave are matt, mid-green, deeply veined and sometimes hairy. The lamina (an expanded portion of the leaf) is pear or oval shaped, pointed to broadly-rounded apex, rounded base, round or regular toothed margins with wrinkled and strigose (sharp appressed rigid bristly hairs) upper surface. When the leaves are crushed, a strong and distinctive odour is exuded.

Flowerheads have many smaller flowers. Each flower is tubular-shaped and have 4 spreading lobes (petals), changing colour with age. The colours would be a various combinations of white, yellow, orange, red or pink.

Fruit is a berry or drupe arranged in clusters. The fruit is green and becomes purple-black when mature.
Lantana camara
Lantana camara
lantana
lantana
Leptospermum scoparium
Leptospermum scoparium
broom teatree
broom teatree
t is typically a shrub growing to 2–5 m tall, but can grow into a moderately sized tree, up to 15 m or so in height. It is evergreen, with dense branching and small leaves 7–20 mm long and 2–6 mm broad, with a short spine tip. The flowers are white, occas
t is typically a shrub growing to 2–5 m tall, but can grow into a moderately sized tree, up to 15 m or so in height. It is evergreen, with dense branching and small leaves 7–20 mm long and 2–6 mm broad, with a short spine tip. The flowers are white, occasionally pink, 8–15 mm (rarely up to 25 mm) diameter, with five petals.
Leptospermum scoparium
Leptospermum scoparium
broom teatree
broom teatree
Ligustrum japonicum
Ligustrum japonicum
Japanese privet
Japanese privet
Leaf: Opposite, evergreen, simple, elliptical, 2 to 3 inches long, entire margin, thick and leathery; shiny, waxy, dark green above, considerably paler below. 
Flower: Perfect, occurring in an upright, terminal panicle (2 to 4 inches long) of small cream
Leaf: Opposite, evergreen, simple, elliptical, 2 to 3 inches long, entire margin, thick and leathery; shiny, waxy, dark green above, considerably paler below.
Flower: Perfect, occurring in an upright, terminal panicle (2 to 4 inches long) of small creamy, white flowers, fragrant, appearing in early summer on new growth.
Fruit: Dark blue, round to oblong drupe in clusters, 1/4 inch diameter, ripen in early fall.
Twig: Slender, somewhat square, light brown with numerous white, corky lenticels; buds small and light brown.
Bark: Smooth, gray-brown, numerous lighter lenticels.
Ligustrum japonicum
Ligustrum japonicum
Japanese privet
Japanese privet
Ligustrum lucidum
Ligustrum lucidum
glossy privet
glossy privet
Height: 15 to 20 feet
	Width: 8 to 15 feet
	Texture: Medium
	Form: Spreading irregular mound; vase shape
	Flower/Fruit: Creamy white flowers on 5 to 8" pyramidal panicles in early summer; unpleasant odor; 0.2" flat blue-black drupe in fall; persists i
Height: 15 to 20 feet
Width: 8 to 15 feet
Texture: Medium
Form: Spreading irregular mound; vase shape
Flower/Fruit: Creamy white flowers on 5 to 8" pyramidal panicles in early summer; unpleasant odor; 0.2" flat blue-black drupe in fall; persists into winter
Foliage: Opposite, simple, glossy dark green leaves; 3 to 6" long
Ligustrum lucidum
Ligustrum lucidum
glossy privet
glossy privet
Hairless shrub or small tree; branchlets with conspicuous white lenticels (a small spot appearing on young bark, through which gaseous exchange occurs).

Leaves pear to elliptic or narrow-pear in shape, tips tapering to the point, base rounded, margins
Hairless shrub or small tree; branchlets with conspicuous white lenticels (a small spot appearing on young bark, through which gaseous exchange occurs).

Leaves pear to elliptic or narrow-pear in shape, tips tapering to the point, base rounded, margins entire, upper surface dark green, lower surface paler.

The flower head or inflorescence is a dense panicle (many branched) with a flower or flower bud at the end of each branch. The flower heads often appear pointed. The pedicel (flower stalk) is 1-3 mm long. Flower is white. Flowers in Summer. Fruit is a rounded berry, blue-black or black in colour.
Loropetalum chinense
Loropetalum chinense
Chinese fringe-flower; loropetalum
Chinese fringe-flower; loropetalum
The leaves of loropetalum are oval, 1-2 in (2.5-5 cm) long and about 1 in (2.5 cm) wide and are held alternately on the stem. Foliage of the white form is light green to yellowish-green and lighter on the underside. Red forms typically have leaves that ar
The leaves of loropetalum are oval, 1-2 in (2.5-5 cm) long and about 1 in (2.5 cm) wide and are held alternately on the stem. Foliage of the white form is light green to yellowish-green and lighter on the underside. Red forms typically have leaves that are darker green and have burgundy, red or copper tints depending on the selection.
Loropetalum chinense
Loropetalum chinense
Chinese fringe-flower; loropetalum
Chinese fringe-flower; loropetalum
Mahonia aquifolium
Mahonia aquifolium
Oregon grapeholly
Oregon grapeholly
Mahonia aquifolium
Mahonia aquifolium
Oregon grapeholly
Oregon grapeholly
Mahonia repens
Mahonia repens
creeping holly
creeping holly
Plant form
Mounding, spreading, broadleaf, evergreen groundcover.
Size
Plant grows about 1-3 feet tall and slowly spreads by creeping underground.
Flowers
Small, bright yellow flowers in clusters appear in spring. They are fragrant.
Leaves and stems
Plant form
Mounding, spreading, broadleaf, evergreen groundcover.
Size
Plant grows about 1-3 feet tall and slowly spreads by creeping underground.
Flowers
Small, bright yellow flowers in clusters appear in spring. They are fragrant.
Leaves and stems
Leaves are dull green or bluish green and have 3 to 7 leaflets. The edges of the leaves have spines. The leaves remain on the plant throughout the year, developing burgundy overtones in the fall.
Fruit
Flowers are followed in early summer by clusters of blue fruit, shaped like small clumps of grapes.
Mahonia repens
Mahonia repens
creeping holly
creeping holly
Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, evergreen, 5 to 7 inches long, 3 to 7 leaflets (1 to 2 inches long) with spine-tipped teeth, thickened and waxy, dark green above, paler below; turns reddish purple in winter.
Flower: Perfect, small bright yellow flow
Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, evergreen, 5 to 7 inches long, 3 to 7 leaflets (1 to 2 inches long) with spine-tipped teeth, thickened and waxy, dark green above, paler below; turns reddish purple in winter.
Flower: Perfect, small bright yellow flowers are borne in 1 to 3 inch upright racemes.
Fruit: Small (1/4 inch), dark blue berries, covered in a waxy bloom, edible, but sour.
Twig: Main stems are largely unbranched and prostrate; very rough due to numerous leaf scars; green when young, turning reddish brown with age.
Bark: Reddish brown, scaly and rough.
Form: Creeping, stoloniferous, gound cover, may reach up to 18 inches.
Myrica cerifera
Myrica cerifera
wax myrtle
wax myrtle
Leaves:  Leathery, medium green, narrow leaves, 4" long.
Flowers: Not showy, green.
Fruit: Waxy blue-gray fruit on female plants is a major source of food for wildlife.
Leaves: Leathery, medium green, narrow leaves, 4" long.
Flowers: Not showy, green.
Fruit: Waxy blue-gray fruit on female plants is a major source of food for wildlife.
Myrica cerifera
Myrica cerifera
wax myrtle
wax myrtle
Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, simple, fragrant, spatulate in shape with a tapered base, 3 inches long, 5/8 inch wide, toothed, dark green and waxy-shiny above, pale green below, yellow resin dots on both surfaces.
Flower: Dioecious; both male and female fl
Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, simple, fragrant, spatulate in shape with a tapered base, 3 inches long, 5/8 inch wide, toothed, dark green and waxy-shiny above, pale green below, yellow resin dots on both surfaces.
Flower: Dioecious; both male and female flowers are small (1/2 inch), appearing as catkins in the leaf axils in spring.
Fruit: Round, waxy bluish-white drupes (1/8 inch in diameter), appearing in clusters on short stalks.
Twig: Slender and brittle, covered with brown pubescence, becoming smooth and gray-brown with age.
Bark: Thin and smooth, gray-brown.
Form: Small tree or large shrub, often multi-stemmed and growing in clusters, generally rounded or irregular in shape, with a crooked or twisting bole.
Myrtus communis
Myrtus communis
myrtle
myrtle
The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 m tall. The leaf is entire, 3–5 cm long, with a fragrant essential oil. The star-like flower has five petals and sepals, and numerous stamens. Petals usually are white. The fruit is a round berry
The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 m tall. The leaf is entire, 3–5 cm long, with a fragrant essential oil. The star-like flower has five petals and sepals, and numerous stamens. Petals usually are white. The fruit is a round berry containing several seeds, most commonly blue-black in colour. A variety with yellow-amber berries is also present. The flower is pollinated by insects, and the seeds are dispersed by birds that eat the berries.
Myrtus communis
Myrtus communis
myrtle
myrtle
Nandina domestica
Nandina domestica
nandina; heavenly bamboo
nandina; heavenly bamboo
Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, tri-pinnately compound, leaflets ovate 1 to 2 inches long, entire leaf 10 to 20 inches long, initially reddish bronze when opening in the spring, later turning green and then reddish in the fall.
Flower: White, occurring in lo
Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, tri-pinnately compound, leaflets ovate 1 to 2 inches long, entire leaf 10 to 20 inches long, initially reddish bronze when opening in the spring, later turning green and then reddish in the fall.
Flower: White, occurring in long (10 to 15 inch) upright clusters, anthers yellow, appearing in summer.
Fruit: Red, round, 1/3 inch across, in large spike-like clusters; ripen in late summer and persistent through the next year.
Twig: Moderate, reddish, unbranched, yellow inner bark.
Bark: Brown, splitting into shallow ridges and furrows.
Form: A large many stemmed shrub that forms a round crown, reaches up to 6 feet in height.
Nandina domestica
Nandina domestica
nandina; heavenly bamboo
nandina; heavenly bamboo
Nandina domestica
Nandina domestica
nandina; heavenly bamboo
nandina; heavenly bamboo
Nerium oleander
Nerium oleander
oleander
oleander
Leaf: Opposite or whorled, evergreen, simple, linear to lanceolate, entire, 5 to 10 inches long, leathery with a yellow conspicuous mid-vein, bright green above, paler beneath. 
Flower: Monoecious; very showy, 1 to 2 inches across, 5 large petals with a
Leaf: Opposite or whorled, evergreen, simple, linear to lanceolate, entire, 5 to 10 inches long, leathery with a yellow conspicuous mid-vein, bright green above, paler beneath.
Flower: Monoecious; very showy, 1 to 2 inches across, 5 large petals with a wide range of colors (pinks to red most common), appearing in terminal clusters in summer on new growth; although summer is peak flowering, some flowers may be present year round.
Fruit: Elongated woody pod, 4 to 6 inches long, splits open when ripe (summer through fall) to release small feathery seeds.
Twig: Stout, shiny green later turns light brown, very smooth.
Bark: Light brown to gray, with little texture and only a slightly rough surface.
Form: A multi-stemmed shrub reaching up to 20 feet with a similar spread. It can be trained into a small tree.
Nerium oleander
Nerium oleander
oleander
oleander
Osmanthus fragrans
Osmanthus fragrans
fragrant tea olive
fragrant tea olive
Form: Multi-stemmed, dense shrub; upright
	Flower/Fruit: Very fragrant, small white flowers in fall; some flowers in early spring
	Foliage: Opposite, simple, leathery, lustrous dark green leaves; 2 to 5" long; finely dentate or entire
Form: Multi-stemmed, dense shrub; upright
Flower/Fruit: Very fragrant, small white flowers in fall; some flowers in early spring
Foliage: Opposite, simple, leathery, lustrous dark green leaves; 2 to 5" long; finely dentate or entire
Osmanthus fragrans
Osmanthus fragrans
fragrant tea olive
fragrant tea olive
Fragrant olive (also sweet olive or sweet tea) produces clusters of not particularly showy flowers that have an extremely powerful apricot fragrance. It is a small, upright, evergreen tree or large shrub that will typically grow to 10-15’ tall in cultivat
Fragrant olive (also sweet olive or sweet tea) produces clusters of not particularly showy flowers that have an extremely powerful apricot fragrance. It is a small, upright, evergreen tree or large shrub that will typically grow to 10-15’ tall in cultivation, but may reach 20-30’ tall in its native habitat in Asia (Himalayas, China and Japan). It must be grown in containers in the St. Louis area. Features oval, leathery, glossy green leaves (to 4” long). Leaf margins may be smooth or finely toothed. Tiny white flowers appear in axillary clusters in spring, with some sporadic bloom through the summer into fall. Varieties of the species bear flowers in orange, gold and reddish hues. Genus name comes from Greek osme (fragrant) and anthos (flower). Specific epithet also means fragrant. All of which generally gets the point across that this is a very fragrant flower
Osmanthus heterophyllus
Osmanthus heterophyllus
false holly; holly tea olive
false holly; holly tea olive
Height: 8 to 10 feet
	Width: 5 to 10 feet
	Texture: Medium
	Form: Dense, upright, oval to rounded shrub
	Flower/Fruit: Small white flowers in fall; very fragrant; bluish purple-black drupes
	Foliage: Opposite, simple, leathery, lustrous dark green le
Height: 8 to 10 feet
Width: 5 to 10 feet
Texture: Medium
Form: Dense, upright, oval to rounded shrub
Flower/Fruit: Small white flowers in fall; very fragrant; bluish purple-black drupes
Foliage: Opposite, simple, leathery, lustrous dark green leaves; 1 to 2.5" long; spiny pointed
Comments: Drought and heat tolerant; can be severely pruned; makes a good screen
Osmanthus heterophyllus
Osmanthus heterophyllus
false holly; holly tea olive
false holly; holly tea olive
Photinia x fraseri
Photinia x fraseri
Fraser's photinia; red tip photinia
Fraser's photinia; red tip photinia
Photinia x fraseri is a large, hybrid (P. glabra and P. serrulata), evergreen shrub that typically grows to 10-15' tall and as wide. It is often commonly called red tip or red top (particularly in the deep South where it has been frequently planted) in ce
Photinia x fraseri is a large, hybrid (P. glabra and P. serrulata), evergreen shrub that typically grows to 10-15' tall and as wide. It is often commonly called red tip or red top (particularly in the deep South where it has been frequently planted) in celebration of the bronze red to bright red new leaves that emerge at the twig tips each springLeathery, elliptic to oval, dark green leaves (to 3-4" long) with finely serrated margins are evergreen. New growth in spring emerges bronze- to copper-red in a showy display lasting about 2-3 weeks. Red leaves gradually change to glossy dark green. Additional pruning may encourage new flushes of red leaves in late spring and summer. Small, 5-petaled, white flowers (1/3" across) of this rose family shrub bloom in late April in wide, corymbose panicles (to 5-6" long). Flowers have a very unpleasant aroma, somewhat reminiscent of hawthorns. Flowers may be eliminated by spring pruning geared to stimulate new red leaf growth. Fruit is a red pome that persists throughout winter to spring.
Photinia x fraseri
Photinia x fraseri
Fraser's photinia; red tip photinia
Fraser's photinia; red tip photinia
Pittosporum tobira
Pittosporum tobira
mock orange; Japanese pittosporum
mock orange; Japanese pittosporum
The leaves are oval in shape with edges that curl under and measure up to 10 cm in length. They are leathery, hairless, and darker and shinier on the upper surfaces. The inflorescence is a cluster of fragrant flowers occurring at the ends of branches. The
The leaves are oval in shape with edges that curl under and measure up to 10 cm in length. They are leathery, hairless, and darker and shinier on the upper surfaces. The inflorescence is a cluster of fragrant flowers occurring at the ends of branches. The flower has five white petals each about a centimetre long. The fruit is a hairy, woody capsule about 1 cm wide divided into three valves. Inside are black seeds in a bed of resinous pulp.
Pittosporum tobira
Pittosporum tobira
mock orange; Japanese pittosporum
mock orange; Japanese pittosporum
Prunus caroliniana
Prunus caroliniana
Carolina cherrylaurel; Carolina laurel cherry
Carolina cherrylaurel; Carolina laurel cherry
Prunus caroliniana is a small to medium sized evergreen tree which grows to about 8–13 m tall, with a spread of about 6–9 m. The leaves are dark green, alternate, glossy, coriaceous, elliptic to oblanceolate, 5–12 cm long, usually with an entire (smooth)
Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, entire margin or a few teeth, lanceolate, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark shiny green above, much paler below.
Flower: Small, creamy white, 5 petals, occur in elongated clusters (2 to 3 inches long), appearing in early spring.
Fruit: Drupe, 1/2 inch in diameter, shiny black when ripe in late summer.
Twig: Slender, reddish brown, developing gray patches with age, strong cherry odor when broken, buds reddish brown and small.
Bark: Smooth, gray, reddish brown, numerous lenticels, develops some splits and fissures with age.
Form: Small tree to 40 feet.
Prunus caroliniana
Prunus caroliniana
Carolina cherrylaurel; Carolina laurel cherry
Carolina cherrylaurel; Carolina laurel cherry
Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'
Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'
Otto Luyken laurel
Otto Luyken laurel
Cherry laurel or English laurel is a broad, dense, spreading, evergreen shrub that in cultivation typically matures over time to 10-18’ tall with a spread to 20-25’. It is native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia where plants in the wild may be
Cherry laurel or English laurel is a broad, dense, spreading, evergreen shrub that in cultivation typically matures over time to 10-18’ tall with a spread to 20-25’. It is native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia where plants in the wild may become quite tree-like, eventually reaching 30’ in height. Lustrous, oblong, dark green leaves (to 6” long). Foliage is evergreen with no fall color. Tiny, cup-shaped, creamy white flowers in upright clusters (racemes to 5” long) bloom from the leaf axils in April-May. Flowers have a powerful aroma. Flowers give way to somewhat inconspicuous black drupes that ripen in mid-summer. This fruit is basically inedible for humans (bitter aftertaste) but is loved by local bird populations. Specific epithet means laurel cherry in reference to its laurel-like evergreen leaves and cherry-like fruit.
Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'
Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'
Otto Luyken laurel
Otto Luyken laurel
Pyracantha sp.
Pyracantha sp.
firethorn
firethorn
The plants reach up to six metres tall. The seven species have white flowers and either red, orange, or yellow berries (more correctly pomes). The flowers are produced during late spring and early summer; the pomes develop from late summer, and mature in late autumn.
Pyracantha sp.
Pyracantha sp.
firethorn
firethorn
Rhaphiolepis indica
Rhaphiolepis indica
Indian hawthorn
Indian hawthorn
Texture: Medium
Form: Dense, rounded mound
Flower/Fruit: White to pale pink flowers in spring; mild fragrance
Foliage: Alternate, simple glossy dark green leaves; 2 to 3" long; clustered at end of stem; new growth is bronzy
Texture: Medium
Form: Dense, rounded mound
Flower/Fruit: White to pale pink flowers in spring; mild fragrance
Foliage: Alternate, simple glossy dark green leaves; 2 to 3" long; clustered at end of stem; new growth is bronzy
Rhaphiolepis indica
Rhaphiolepis indica
Indian hawthorn
Indian hawthorn
Rhododendron sp.
Rhododendron sp.
azalea
azalea
Their leaves are usually about 1 inch long, elliptic to lance-shaped and bristly to the touch. Medium to dark green in the summer, they turn bronze or reddish brown in the fall and through the winter.
Their leaves are usually about 1 inch long, elliptic to lance-shaped and bristly to the touch. Medium to dark green in the summer, they turn bronze or reddish brown in the fall and through the winter.
Rhododendron sp.
Rhododendron sp.
azalea
azalea
Rhododendron sp.
Rhododendron sp.
rhododendron
rhododendron
Ternstroemia gymnanthera
Ternstroemia gymnanthera
cleyera
cleyera
Form: Upright oval to rounded; densely branched
	Flower/Fruit: Cluster of 0.5" white to yellowish white flowers on previous season's growth; 1" green to red speckled fruit in fall
	Foliage: Alternate, simple, leathery, lustrous dark green leaves; 2.5 to
Form: Upright oval to rounded; densely branched
Flower/Fruit: Cluster of 0.5" white to yellowish white flowers on previous season's growth; 1" green to red speckled fruit in fall
Foliage: Alternate, simple, leathery, lustrous dark green leaves; 2.5 to 4" long; new growth is bronze, reddish purple to red; reddish bronze winter color when grown in sun
Ternstroemia gymnanthera
Ternstroemia gymnanthera
cleyera
cleyera
Trachelospermum jasminoides
Trachelospermum jasminoides
star jasmine
star jasmine
Winter jasmine is a trailing, viny shrub that grows from a central crown. As a shrub, it typically grows in a sprawling mound to 4’ tall with arching branches, and spreads by trailing branches that root as they go along the ground. As a vine, it typically
Winter jasmine is a trailing, viny shrub that grows from a central crown. As a shrub, it typically grows in a sprawling mound to 4’ tall with arching branches, and spreads by trailing branches that root as they go along the ground. As a vine, it typically grows to 10-15’. Willowy green stems are attractive in winter. Non-fragrant, bright yellow flowers bloom along the stems in late winter before the leaves. Compound, trifoliolate, dark green leaves with ovate leaflets (to 1.25” long).
Trachelospermum jasminoides
Trachelospermum jasminoides
star jasmine
star jasmine
Viburnum rhytidophyllum
Viburnum rhytidophyllum
leatherleaf virburnum
leatherleaf virburnum
An evergreen shrub, commonly called leatherleaf virbunum, which can ultimately reach a height of 6-10'. Produces flat cymes of creamy white flowers in the spring and berries in early fall which first appear red and then change to a glossy black. Berries w
An evergreen shrub, commonly called leatherleaf virbunum, which can ultimately reach a height of 6-10'. Produces flat cymes of creamy white flowers in the spring and berries in early fall which first appear red and then change to a glossy black. Berries will often persist to the end of December. Ovate-oblong to ovate-lanceolate leaves are dark green, somewhat shiny and puckered. Foliage is evergreen in the South but at best semi-evergreen in the St. Louis area where it can suffer significant decline in winter.
Viburnum rhytidophyllum
Viburnum rhytidophyllum
leatherleaf virburnum
leatherleaf virburnum
naked, fuzzy buds
large evergreen leaves
large clustered flower buds
large naked vegetative buds
opposite, lanceolate, simple leaves
smooth leaf margin
coarse, stout branching
naked, fuzzy buds
large evergreen leaves
large clustered flower buds
large naked vegetative buds
opposite, lanceolate, simple leaves
smooth leaf margin
coarse, stout branching
Yucca filamentosa
Yucca filamentosa
Adam's needle
Adam's needle
Adam’s needle (also commonly called Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm) is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south t
Adam’s needle (also commonly called Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm) is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules.
Yucca filamentosa
Yucca filamentosa
Adam's needle
Adam's needle
Leaf: Evergreen, stiff and sword-like to slightly flexible and strap-like, up to 2 1/2 feet long and 1 to 3 inches wide, parallel veins, the leaf margins of younger leaves bearing fibrous white strands or filaments.
Flower: Very attractive, creamy white,
Leaf: Evergreen, stiff and sword-like to slightly flexible and strap-like, up to 2 1/2 feet long and 1 to 3 inches wide, parallel veins, the leaf margins of younger leaves bearing fibrous white strands or filaments.
Flower: Very attractive, creamy white, bell-shaped, 6-petaled, approximately 2 1/2 inch-wide, borne on a 3-6 foot tall upright woody inflorescence. Flowers appearing once between June and August.
Fruit: Capsules borne upright on the woody inflorescence, approximately 2 inches long, initially green and drying to brown.
Form: Dense, mounded clumps of leaves that reach 4 feet in height, but with upright inflorescences much taller.