Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What separates cinema from all other two-dimensional pictorial art forms?

A) Close-ups


B) Lighting


C) Performance


D) Movement

D) Movement
What is the term used to describe the process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye records it?

A) Persistence of vision


B) Delayed reaction


C) Apparent motion


D) The ineluctable morality of the visible

A) Persistence of vision

According to the reading, even though every movie employs narrative in some form, what primarily affects how stories are presented?


A) Cultural values


B) Cinematic creativity


C) Cinematic language


D) Formal analyses

A) Cultural values

Which of the following is NOT a device used for cinematic invisibility?

A) Jump cut


B) Fade-in


C) Continuity of screen direction


D) Cutting on action

A) Jump cut
Which of the following is a formal analysis option for Juno?

A) The movie's treatment of class


B) The motif of the empty chair that frames the story


C) The implications of the T-shirt messages displayed by the film's characters


D) The movie's depiction of women and childbirth

B) The motif of the empty chair that frames the story

The viewer's perception of cinematic space is determined by:

A) lighting


B) the camera's lens


C) acting


D) the number of shots within a scene or sequence

B) the camera's lens
A convincing appearance of truth" best defines:

A) verisimilitude


B) suspension of disbelief


C) fantasy


D) naturalism

A) verisimilitude
Between 1895 and 1905, what two directions were established for film?

A) Tragedy and comedy


B) Naturalism and melodrama


C) Naturalism and fantasy


D) Realism and anti-realism

D) Realism and anti-realism

The analysis and shot breakdown in Chapter 2, of the "ice-break" scene from D.W. Griffith's Way Down East (1920) reveals which formal pattern?


A) Repeated close-ups to emphasize Lilian Gish's beauty


B) The contrasting of light and dark


C) Repeated long shots to establish setting


D) The technique of parallel editing

D) The technique of parallel editing

Which is the best description (according to the reading) of the difference between content and form?

A) Content refers to a movie’s look, and form refers to its genre.


B) Content is the subject of an artwork, and form is the means through which that subject is expressed.


C) Content is the meaning of the movie, and form is what happens in the story.


D) Content refers to individual scenes or shots, and form refers to the movie as a whole.

B) Content is the subject of an artwork, and form is the means through which that subject is expressed.

Which of the following best describes the characteristics of experimental film?


A)They are typically directed toward fiction.


B)They are objective portrayals of real-life situations.


C)They are star-driven, with cause-and-effect narratives.


D)They are personal, nonconformist critiques of culture and media.

D)They are personal, nonconformist critiques of culture and media.

What term refers to a unifying idea that a film expresses through its narrative or imagery?


A)Setting


B) Theme


C)Story formula


D)Presentation

B) Theme

According to the text, which of the following genres have a distinctive visual style dependent upon low-key lighting effects?


A)Horror, musical


B)Science fiction,Western


C)Film noir, horror


D)Gangster, Western

C)Film noir, horror

Until the advent of digital animation, what was used to create nearly all feature-length animated films?

A) Stop-motion


B)Puppets


C)Motion capture


D)Cel animation

D) Cel animation
The narrative peak is called:

A)catharsis.


B)crisis.


C)complication.


D)climax.

B) crisis.
Which of the following includes events explicitly presented in a movie but does NOT include implicit events?

A)Narrative


B)Diegesis


C)Plot


D)Scenario

C)Plot

The antagonist of a movie’s narrative:


A)opposes the narrative .


B)is a virtuous individual.


C)is responsible for obstructing the protagonist.


D) is the central figure, hero or anti-hero.

C)is responsible for obstructing the protagonist

Manipulation of what formal element is primarily responsible for both stretch and summary relationships between duration?


A)Lighting


B)Cinematography


C)Editing


D)Characterization

C)Editing

In every movie, the primary narrator is:

A)the camera.


B)subjective.


C)direct-address.


D)first-person.

A)the camera.
Which film movement was based on the idea that the movie director is an auteur?

A) Soviet Montage


B) French New Wave


C) Italian Neorealism


D)German Expressionism

B) French New Wave
According to the reading, the Lumière brothers’ actualités are an example of what type of nonfiction film?

A) Propaganda


B)Factual


C)Instructional


D)Documentary

B)Factual
Black Maria was the first:

A)motion picture film.


B)motion picture studio.


C)motion picture projector.


D)complete motion picture.

B)motion picture studio.
The intermediary step between still photography and cinematography is:

A)revolver photography.


B)fusil photography.


C)chronograph.


D) series photography.

D) series photography
Which of the following organizations is in charge of the Oscars?

A) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences


B)Motion Picture Patents Company


C)Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers


D)Motion Picture Association of America

A) Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
In the old studio system, the film budget consisted of which two categories?

A)Direct costs, indirect costs


B)Above-the-line costs, below-the-line costs


C)Production costs, post-production costs


D)Overhead costs, under-head costs

A)Direct costs, indirect costs
In filmmaking today, major studios account for roughly what percentage of gross income?

A) 50%


B)15%


C) 95%


D)80%

D)80%
Today, what is the average cost to produce and market a Hollywood film?

A)$150 million


B)$50 million


C)$25 million


D)$100 million

D)$100 million
According to the reading, which is NOT a filmmaking technology?

A)Analog


B)Video


C)Film


D)Digital

A) Analog

According to the reading, what are the four traditional approaches to studying film history?


A) Cultural, technological, rhetorical, scholarly


B) Economic, cinematic, social, cultural


C)Aesthetic, technological, economic, social


D)Technological, social, cultural, aesthetic

C)Aesthetic, technological, economic, social

By the end of the ________, a period of stabilization for the TV industry, Hollywood alliances with TV networks had been cemented.


A) 1940s


B)1950s


C)1960s


D)1970s

B)1950s

According to Mark Alvey, who dominated television production during the 1960s?

A) Hollywood studios


B)Independent producers


C)NBC


D)ABC

B)Independent producers
Whereas live TV production was typically a one-off event, the _________ was a durable product, with potential for ongoing revenue from syndication.

A)filmed series


B)situation comedy


C)talk show


D)variety show

A)filmed series
According to Mark Alvey, whose influence over programming decreased dramatically in the 1960s?

A) Advertisers


B)Hollywood studios


C)TV networks


D)Independent producers

A) Advertisers
Which statement accurately describes the TV production model in the 1960s?

A) Advertisers retained control over programming by brokering content to the TV networks.


B)TV networks produced the majority of programming themselves.


C)It was the opposite of film production of the era: the major studios produced the majority of telefilm content.


D)It reflected the shifts in film production of the era: the telefilm business was dominated by various forms of independent production, with the major studios more often serving as financiers and distributors rather than producers.

D)It reflected the shifts in film production of the era: the telefilm business was dominated by various forms of independent production, with the major studios more often serving as financiers and distributors rather than producers.
According to Jennifer Holt, the deregulation of broadcast television in the mid-1980s resulted in:

A) an explosion of diverse programming.


B)more and better options for viewers.


C) a rise in independent production of TV programming.


D) a handful of vertically-integrated conglomerates controlling the airwaves

D) a handful of vertically-integrated conglomerates controlling the airwaves
Mark Fowler, as Chariman of the FCC in the 1980s, deregulated broadcast TV, leaving the networks:

A) bankrupt.


B) vulnerable in an increasingly unstable industry.


C)free to create whatever kinds of programming they wanted.


D)protected from the whims of the free market.

B) vulnerable in an increasingly unstable industry.

The Financial Interest and Syndication Laws (Fin Syn) were implemented by the FCC in 1970, in order to:


A)give more creative control to the TV networks.


B)curtail the TV networks' complete control over the industry (and their perceived abuses of power).


C)force networks to diversify their holdings.


D)encourage the creation of more public access broadcasting.

B)curtail the TV networks' complete control over the industry (and their perceived abuses of power).

Rupert Murdoch launched the Fox Network in 1986, once there were finally enough independent TV stations to support a ______ broadcast network.

A)third


B)fourth


C)fifth


D)sixth

B)fourth
The first merger between a Hollywood studio and a broadcast network in the post-Fin Syn landscape was between:

A) Columbia Pictures and NBC.


B)Disney and ABC.


C)MGM and CBS.


D)Warner Brothers and TBS.

B)Disney and ABC
The two major visual components of mise-en-scène are:

A) onscreen and off-screen space.


B)actors and props.


C)open and closed frames.


D)design and composition.

D)design and composition.
The spatial and temporal environment (whether realistic or imagined) in which the narrative takes place is called:

A)the setting.


B)the narrative zone.


C)the design.


D)the mise-en-scene.

A)the setting.
The use of deep gradations and subtle variations of lights and darks within an image is referred to as:

A)chiaroscuro.


B)chromation.


C)dappling.


D)texture.

A)chiaroscuro.
Nonprofessional actors, handheld cameras, and location sets are hallmarks of what movement developed during World War II?

A) Neorealism


B) Futurism


C) Expressionism


D) Impressionism

A) Neorealism
Realistic films generally employ the:

A) open frame.


B)inclusive frame.


C) enclosed frame.


D)closed frame.

A) open frame.
Determining physical relationships between the actor(s) and the camera is referred to as:

A) spacing.


B) staging.


C) blocking.


D) visualizing.

C) blocking.
Kinesis refers to:

A)the movement of objects and characters within the frame.


B)the apparent movement of the frame itself.


C)both the movement of objects and characters within the frame and the apparent movement of the frame itself.


D)none of the above.

C)both the movement of objects and characters within the frame and the apparent movement of the frame itself.

Mise-en-scene does NOT include:


A)set design.


B)camera movements.


C)makeup and costumes.


D)the movement of characters within the frame.

B)camera movements.

The organization, distribution, balance, and general relationship of actors and objects within the space of each shot are elements of the shot's:


A) blocking.


B) composition.


C)design.


D)cinematography.

B) composition.
Which title refers to the person responsible for a film's overall design concept?

A) Production designer


B) Key grip


C) Producer


D) Prop master

A) Production designer