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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Implied powers of the national government are inferred from the:
Constitution
Which part of the constitution allows the national government to make all laws that are "necessary and proper"?
Article 1, section 8
4 examples of delegated powers
Coin Money, Declare war, Declare a law unconstitutional, raise and maintain an armed forces
an example of a concurrent power
collect taxes
An example of a reserved power is to power to
grant professional licenses
The national government can acquire territory from citizens, this is an example of:
inherent powers
The right of the national government to acquire territory from its citizens is called:
Eminent Domain
The constitution requires the national government to:
make sure each state has a republican form of government, Not interfere with the territorial integrity of the state, protect states against domestic insurrection
What does the "Full Faith and Credit Clause" require?
That the states fulfill their obligations towards eachother
The legal process of returning an alleged criminal to the state where the crime was committed is called:
Extradition
McCulloch vs. Maryland resulted in:
A stronger national government
The commerce clause gives:
the federal government the power to regulate interstate commerce
Alexander Hamilton supported a very strong national government, who opposed it?
Thomas Jefferson
What is an example of a denied power?
Taking private land for public use
Most powers given and denied to congress are listed in which article of the constitution?
First
Which article to the constitution defines the relationship between states?
Fourth
The constitutional principle that calls for a division of power between a central government (national) and smaller local governments (states) is called:
Federalism
What are some national responsibilities to the states?
Guarantee a republican form of government, protect states from insurrection, provide a structure for local governments, admit new states to the union
Ben Franklins 1754 proposal to unite the colonies was called:
Albany Plan
The four basic characteristics of a nation-state are territory, population, sovereignty, and...
government
The magna carta signed in England in 1215 established what?
trial by jury, protection of life liberty and property, no taxes without approval of subjects
The english bill of rights signed in 1689 granted what?
Parlement's consent to tax and raise an army, rule with consent of governed, right to a speedy trial
What was the first written constitution in the colonies? It included a representative assembly and popular election of law-makers, judges, and a governor
fundamental orders of Connecticut
Who was present at the constitutional convention?
washington, madison, franklin, and jefferson
The virginia plan which had support of the larger states at the constitutional convention called for a legislative branch with:
Two houses with representation based on population
The compromise that saved the constitutional convention is known as the:
Connecticut Plan
in writing the declaration of independence the writer borrowed heavily from what philosopher?
Locke
First representative assembly in the americas was the:
House of burgesses
the three-fifths compromise refers to:
the question of how to count slaves
When discussing the proposed constitution the most prominent complaint of the anti-federalists was lack of:
Bill of Rights
The exsisting forms of government found in the world can be divided into 3 groups:
unitary, federal, and confederal
A unitary system of the government is characterized by:
A central government that has ultimate authority over all of its political subdivisions
calvin stressed what about appointing authority?
God appoints rulers
The constitution was ratified in what year?
1788
In a federal system of government there is:
a shared system of power between a central government and state
Sovereignty means:
the state possesses supreme and absolute power within its territorial boundary
Under the articles, what amount states were needed to pass laws?
9
The three authors of the federalist papers were:
Hamilton, Madison, and Jay
The first direct tax on the colonies alone was the:
Stamp Act
Written in 1869 this set clear limits on the powers of the king and queen including the idea that they do not rule by divine right and that they could not interfere with the workings of parliment
The English Bill of Rights
The Coersive Acts of Intolerable Acts were directed towards boston and included what?
That colonists be required to house british Soldiers, The removal of self-government in Massachusetts, the closing of port boston
The first president of the second contenental congress was:
John Hancock
Who is credited with writing the constitution?
madison
Achievements under the articles of confederation were few however the following did occur:
The legeslator negotiated and signed the treaty of paris with england in 1783
Hobbes believed in:
A strong government to provide social order and saw government as a protector of others
each state is represented in the US senate by how many senators?
Two senators
From montesque we receive what concept?
Checks and Balances
The new jersey plan calls for what?
Unicameral legislator with one vote per state
A legislator with two houses is called
Bicameral
What proposal was the first to call the colonies to unify?
Albany Plan
What type of government is ruled by a small group of individuals?
Oligarchy
Patrick Henry, George Mason, and John Hancock represented what political group after the presentation of the constitution?
Anti-Federalists
What document first established the principle of limited government?
Magna Carta
Who presided over the constitutional convention?
george washington
During the majority of the revolutionary war what group acted as a central government?
second continental congress
The event which caused more states to attend the Philadelphia convention then has attended Annapolis convention was:
Shays rebellion
Who is credited with the writing of the Bill of Rights?
James Madison
What type of governmental system gives the most power to local governmental bodies, making for weak central government?
Confederal
Thomas Paine wrote what book?
Common sense
In may of 1787 how many states sent delegates to Philadelphia to revise the articles of confederation?
12
The two states that were crucial to the success of the constitution were:
New York & Virginia
Democracy is:
rule of the people
The government under the articles established a:
confederal government
Amendments may be proposed by congress or:
a national convention
Article 3 deals with what branch?
Judicial
The only crime mentioned in the constitution is:
Treason
What are concurrent powers?
powers which can be exercised by both the national and state governments
Nationalists
believe government should carry out the will of the people
Delegated powers
powers that are directly expressed in the constitution
reserved powers
powers granted to the states via the 10th amendment
Implied powers
powers the national government needs to carry out the expressed powers given to it by the constitution
Inherent Powers
Powers the national government may exercise simply because it is the government