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65 Cards in this Set

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The table compares four countries in terms of the number of people who watch four different genres of film at the cinema: Action, Romance, Comedy and Horror.

The table indicates that more Indian people watch films at the cinema than the other three nationalities. In all four countries, Action is the most popular genre of film. The total number of viewers for action films is nearly 30 million and in each country about 7-8 million people watch them.

q1 details

Not many people like watching horror films at the cinema compared to the other genres of film. In India and Japan only 2-2.5 million people watch horror films but they are more popular in New Zealand and Ireland. On the other hand, romance films are very popular in India with 7.5 million viewers but it is not as popular in the other countries. New Zealand and Japan come next with 4.5 million viewers each.

The process by which bricks are manufactured for the building industry can be outlined in seven consecutive steps.


First the raw material, clay, which was just below the surface of soil in certain clay-rich areas has to be dug up by a digger.

q2 cond 1

Then the lumps of clay are placed on a metal grid in order to break up the big chunks of clay into much smaller areas, which fall through the metal grid onto a roller, whose motion further segregates the bits of clay. Sand and water are added to make a homogenous mixture, which is then either formed in moulds or cut into brick-shaped pieces by means of a wire cutter.

q2 cond2

Those fresh bricks are then kept in a drying oven for at least 24 and a maximum of 48 hours, several dozen if not hundreds of bricks at a time. The dried bricks are then transferred to a so-called kiln, another type of high temperature oven. First they are kept at a moderate temperature of 200C – 1300C. This process is followed by cooling down the finished bricks for 48 to 72 hours in a cooling chamber.


Once the bricks have cooled down and have become hard, they get packaged and delivered to their final destination, be it a building site or storage.

q2 results

Band 9
This response fully satisfies the requirements of the task. All key features of each stage of the process are appropriately and accurately presented. An excellent overview is given at the beginning of the response and this skilfully incorporates part of the rubric, changing the grammatical function, to give a brief summary of the whole process. The message is very easy to read with seamless cohesion that attracts no attention. Paragraphing, linking and referencing are all skilfully managed. The language used is very fluent and sophisticated. A wide range of vocabulary and structures are used with full flexibility and accuracy. Only rare minor
‘slips’ can be found and these do not detract from the high rating.

The graph shows the estimated maximum population of elephants in a range of Asian countries in both 1997 and 2004.


In most of the countries included in the graph, the population fell. This was most noticeable in Malaysia and Thailand, where the number of elephants was thought to be less than half the figure in 1997. In the former, the number of elephants dropped as low as 1000.

q3 cond 1

India remained the country with by far the largest elephant population, but experienced a dramatic fall in numbers so that in 2004 there may have been as few as 7500. Despite its size, China had a very small population of at most 500 elephants by 2004.


Although the trend was downwards overall, elephant populations were thought to have remained stable in Laos and Vietnam at approximately 1200. The only country where elephants showed signs of recovering was Cambodia, where numbers may have risen by up to 200.

The bar chart shows the number of visitors to three London Museums between 2007 and 2012.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The bar chart shows the number of visitors to three London Museums between 2007 and 2012.


Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


The bar chart illustrates information about how many people per year visited three London museums over six-year period from 2007 to 2012.


Overall, what stands out from the graph is there was gradual upward trend in the number of visitors of the National Gallery, which became the most popular museum from being at last place, while the Victoria and Albert Museum followed the opposite trend. In detail, in the first two years of the period, the number of visitors of Victoria and Albert Museum remained stable at 13.5 million, and then fell to 9 million in 2010, while that of British Museum, dropped significantly by 50%, from 12 million to 6 million and remained at this level in 2009.


However, there was gradual upward trend in the number of visitors of both British Museum and Victoria and Albert from 2010 to 2012, the former number doubled and the latter rose by more than 50%, finishing at 14.5 and 40 million respectively. In addition, there was significant increase of the number of visitors of National Gallery over the whole six-year period, the figure finishing at almost 16 million.

The graph exhibits people using new music places on the internet in fifteen days period of time namely personal choice and trendy pop music.


The overall trend shows fluctuation with slight increased towards the end of the period.


Staring with Music Choices websites; 40,000people went on this new site on the first day. Half of them backed out the next day. In contrast to this pop parade net sites were visited by 120,000 music lovers on the day one which decreased slightly on the next day there after regaining the same fame on 3rdday.


After 3rd day the enthusiasm for both music lines on the internet dropped slowly- reaching maximum fall of 40,000 on the 7th day. Whereas Music Choice gained popularity, slightly improving to get the original strength of 30,000 viewers on the screen, but was getting still less visitors then their opponent Pop group i.e. 40,000 on day 7.

q5 cond 1

In the beginning of the next week both gained remarkable recovery after few fluctuations for 8th and 9th day having 40,000 and 50,000 visitors respectively, reaching to their peaks of one and half thousand new visitors for Pop Parade on the 11th day showing the contrast of very few people visiting music capital choice for the same day. Thereafter, Music Choice gained popularity on the 12 day for having more than 120,000 new visitors on web.


In the end of the period Pop sites were visited by maximum viewers of 180,000 where as sides located to Music Choice were nor explored by more than 80,000 explorers on he last day of the report.

The bar chart indicates a survey on two different age groups on the factors contributing to make their environment pleasant for working.


These factors are divided in to internal and external factors. The internal factors are the team spirit, competent boss, respect from colleagues and job satisfaction. The external factors are chance for personal development, job security, promotional prospects and money.


On the internal factors above 50 % in both age groups agreed that team spirit, competent boss and job satisfaction are essential to make their environment pleasant. Whereas on the external factors, there are contrasting results. On the chance of personal development and promotional aspects, 80% to 90% of the younger groups were in favor while only less than 50% of the older group thought so. A similar pattern is also noted on job security. With regards to money, 69% to 70% on both age groups said it is essential.


In conclusion, the internal factors have similar responses from the two age groups while they had dissimilar responses on the external factors.

The data exhibits the conclusion of study of the average number of cars passing on three different roads between 1993 and 2002. In general the trend was upward over the period.


The most striking feature is that there was a dramatic increase in the number of cars passed on the Long Lane from 1993 to 2001, during which the number increased from 400 cars in 1993 to 1400 cars in 2001.


However, the number was stable during the following year at 1400 cars.


The evidence reveals that the number of cars on Harper Lane rose between 1993 and 1998. One year before the introduction of the methods to slow down traffic, the number declined with slight fluctuation.


The facts show that the average number of cars passed on Great York Way increased significantly from 1993 to 1999, the same year in which methods to slow down traffic was introduced. There were 600 cars in 1993 and 911 cars in 1999. However there was a slight reduction in the number of cars during the following years.


To sum up the introduction of traffic calming had a non significant impact on the cars passing on roads Long Lane and Great York Way. In comparison there was a slight effect on the cars passing on Harper Lane.

graph sample

The bar char shows the predicted sales of silver goods in ‘OOOs of units for two companies; Meteor Products Ltd and Mark Jones Ltd for next year.


The most striking feature is that sales will increase for both companies. It is anticipated that sales of Mark Jones Ltd will start at 450,000 units in January decreasing by 200,000 units following month with a gradual recovery over the subsequent four months reaching 400,000 units in June. Those of Mark Jones Ltd are predicated to be stable until August picking up to 600,000 units in September and


October. Sales of Mark Jones Ltd will reach peak of 900,000 in December. For those of Meteor Products Ltd is forecasted a gradual increase with the largest sale of 600,000 units in December. In the beginning of the next year those of Meteor Products Ltd will stand at 150,000 units falling back to 100,000 units in February, rising steadily to 250,000 in June. In subsequent months sale will reach 450,000 units increasing 500,000 units in August, staying stable until November.


Regarding the pie chart the sales of Mark Jones Ltd will share 30 % of the market whereas that of Meteor Products Ltd 20% to 50 % of market is set to be shared by other companies.

The flowchart illustrates the various steps that a high school student must follow to enter university.


Once the high school has been obtained, students need to complete an application for university entrance. This can be downloaded from the university website. The completed application should then be sent to the administration.


Applicants receive a reply two weeks later which is provisional acceptance, a rejection or an acceptance. If a rejection is received, students can either cancel their application altogether or complete an application for an alternative course and send to the administration office.


A provisional acceptance means that more documentation is required. Applicants in this situation should complete the additional documentation and submit them to the office. When an acceptance is received, the applicant should complete the enrolment form and select which subjects he or she wishes to undertake and register with the dean. When all this is complete, the applicant may enter university.

The flow chart shows the main feature of a coin-operated photo booth, which allows the user to take large or passport-size self-portraits.


Two buttons on the outside of the booth allow you to select the size of photo (large format or passport size). If the large format setting is chosen, you will only receive one photo. Passport-sized photos are issued in sets of four. Two buttons below these let you choose colour or black and white, although you must choose colour for passport photos. There is also a slot on the outside of the booth for the insertion of coins, and a larger slot where the photos are delivered.


Inside the booth, there is an adjustable seat to sit on. The seat should be adjusted so that your eyes are level with the arrow on the screen. A mirror allows you to check your appearance before the photos are taken.


The curtain in the doorway should be closed when the photos are taken. A light to the right of the screen comes on, telling you to prepare. After this, the flash goes off after three seconds. The photographs are delivered outside within sixty seconds.

The graph gives past, present and future data concerning the production of world’s oil on OPEC and non-OPEC countries. The figures indicate that while the production of oil in Middle Eastern OPEC countries is predicted to increase considerably, oil production elsewhere is likely to fall.


Between 1980 and 2000, most of the world’s oil came from non-OPEC countries; only two million barrels per day were produced by OPEC countries. Since then, these figures have changed considerably. Between 2000 and 2010 it is predicted that approximately 10 million barrels will come from Middle Eastern OPEC countries, while a further 10 million barrels will be provided by other OPEC or non-OPEC countries.


Although forecasters predict that oil production is likely stabilise between 2010 and 2020, a lot more of this oil is expected to come from the Middle Eastern OPEC countries, and under 5 million barrels per day from other areas.

As we can see from the information, there was a general trend for the number of marriage to decrease over 13 years in most of the countries. In 1981, the USA had the most marriages (10.6 per thousand) but by 1994 this had fallen to 9.1 per thousands. The number of marriages also fell substantially in Finland and France. The only country where there was an increase in the number of marriage was Denmark.


By comparison the rate of divorce increased in most countries over the same period. The only exceptions to this trend were Germany, where there was no change, and the USA and Denmark, where the figure fell. The country with the fewest divorce in both 1981 and 1994 was Italy.

The chart below gives information about global population percentages and distribution of wealth by region.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The chart compares population shares in various regions of the world with the distribution of wealth in these same regions. It can be seen that population shares in almost all cases do not relate to the distribution of wealth.


Even though North America has only approximately 6% of the world’s population, it boasts nearly 34% of global wealth. A similar situation can be seen in Europe, which has 15% of the global population but 30% of global wealth, and the rich (high income) Asia-Pacific countries with 5% of the world’s population but 24% of its wealth.


On the other hand, the total wealth of people in China, India, Africa, Latin America and Caribbean, and the other poor (lower income) countries in Asia-Pacific is far less than their shares of the world population. This is most striking in India, where 16% of the world’s population own only 1% of the world’s wealth and in China, which has the highest percentage of global population (24%) but only 3% of the world’s wealth.

The chart compares population shares in various regions of the world with the distribution of wealth in these same regions. It can be seen that population shares in almost all cases do not relate to the distribution of wealth.


Even though North America has only approximately 6% of the world’s population, it boasts nearly 34% of global wealth. A similar situation can be seen in Europe, which has 15% of the global population but 30% of global wealth, and the rich (high income) Asia-Pacific countries with 5% of the world’s population but 24% of its wealth.


On the other hand, the total wealth of people in China, India, Africa, Latin America and Caribbean, and the other poor (lower income) countries in Asia-Pacific is far less than their shares of the world population. This is most striking in India, where 16% of the world’s population own only 1% of the world’s wealth and in China, which has the highest percentage of global population (24%) but only 3% of the world’s wealth.

The table gives information on the market share of mobile phone manufactures for two consecutive years, 2005 and 2006.


In both years, Nokia was clearly the market leader, selling 32.5% of all mobile phones in 2005, and slightly more (35%) in 2006. This is a greater market share than its two closest competitors, Motorola and Samsung, added together.


Motorola increased its market share from 17.7% in 2005 to 21.1% in 2006. In contrast, Samsung saw its share of the market decline slightly from 12.7% to 11.8%.


The other companies listed each had a much smaller share of the market. Sony Ericsson’s share increased from 6.3% in 2005 to 7.4% in 2006 whereas L.G decreased slightly from 6.7% to 6.3%. BenQ Mobile’s share more than halved from 2005 to 2006; from 4.9% of the market to only 2.4%.


Other mobile phone manufactures accounted for 19.2% of the market in 2005- more than all the companies mentioned except Nokia. However, in 2006 the other companies only made 16.2% of mobile phone sales- less than both Nokia and Motorola.

The flow chart illustrates the consequence of deforestation. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.

The flow chart illustrates the consequence of deforestation. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.


The flow chart shows what typically occurs as a consequence of deforestation. When trees are removed, there are four main immediate effects, which eventually result in flooding, degraded vegetation and a loss of biodiversity.


One immediate effect is soil which has been compacted by heavy equipment. The result hard, ‘baked’ soil contributes to the run off of rain water and, eventually, flooding.


Another immediate consequence of logging is a reduction in the number of roots holding the soil together. This leads to soil erosion. As a consequence, the quality and variety of vegetation is compromised.


The third immediate effect is burning, both deliberate and a consequence of an increased risk of forest fires. The waste that remains after loggings is destroyed and the microorganisms that feed on this material are lost. This leads to degraded vegetation.


The final immediate consequence is a reduction in the amount of moisture plants return to the air. Because there is less moisture in the air, there is less precipitation and an increased incidence of drought. This too reduces plant growth and ultimately results in degraded vegetation and a loss of biodiversity.

The diagram shows how apple is canned.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram shows how apple is canned.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram shows how fresh applet is canned. First the apple is picked from trees by hand. It is then transported to the cannery by large trucks. At the cannery the apple is washed and quality checked, and any poor quality apple is rejected.


The good quality apple is put into cold storage. When it is ready for canning the apple is weighted and graded. The grading ensures that the apple of a similar size is kept together. After this the apple is peeled and the cores are removed. It is then sliced into the required sizes and put into cans. Juice or syrup is also added to the cans.


Once the cans have been filled they are sealed and cooked over heat to ensure that the cans are sterilized. When the cans are cool, a label is attached and they are placed into storage. The canned apple is now ready to be despatched to supermarkets and sold.

Comparing activities, we can see that getting news is the most popular activity with users of all ages. At least 70% of people use the internet to get news.


Whilst 80% of teenagers play online games, this table drops to 54% of people in their twenties and 37% of people in their thirties. Online gaming reaches a low of 25% with people in their fifties and then increases in popularity with older people.


Downloads activity display a similar trend to internet games, but they are less popular in general and decline markedly with people over age 40. Only 6% of people over age 70 download.


Online Product research is made by over seventy percent of all people except for teenagers who do not research product. Product research peak in the forties age group, when almost three-quarters of people research for product in this way.


Buying a product online is equally popular with all internet users except those at either end of the age scale: teens and internet users age 70 or older. Searching for people online is done by between one-quarter and one-third of people depending on age, except for teenagers who make only five searches out of every 100.

The pie charts below show the percentage of housing owned and rented in the UK in 1991 and 2007. Summarize the information by describing the main features of the charts and making comparisons where appropriate.

The pie charts below show the percentage of housing owned and rented in the UK in 1991 and 2007. Summarize the information by describing the main features of the charts and making comparisons where appropriate.

The pie charts compare home ownership and renting for 1991 and 2007 in percentage terms. In 1991, home owner were the most popular type of housing, accounting for 60%, or more than over half of all homes. The next largest sector was social rented homes, amounting to 23% or nearly one-third of homes. The remaining homes were mostly privately rented (11%) with a tiny fraction being social housing (6%).


Sixteen years later, in 2007, the number of home owners had risen to 70%, or almost three quarters of all homes. This was an increase of 10% compared with 1991. Much of the increase in home ownership can be explained by the decrease in social rented homes, which had dropped from 23% to 17%.


The percentage of privately rented homes had remained unchanged at 11%. However, there were 5 million more homes in 2007 compared with 1991 so the number of rented homes had increased despite the same percentage. Social housing has decreased three-fold from 6% in 1991 to 2% in 2007, and it remains the least popular type of housing.

The table shows the percentage of journeys made by different forms of transport in four countries, The bar graph shows the results of a survey into car use.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The table shows the percentage of journeys made by different forms of transport in four countries, The bar graph shows the results of a survey into car use.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The table compares modes of transport used in four countries: Canada, Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. Percentage of journeys made by car, bicycle, public transport and on foot are given. The bar chart shows the results of a survey into reasons people in the Canada travel to work by car.


As can be seen from the table, cars were the most frequently used from of transport in all four countries. However, the proportion of journeys made by car ranged from a low of 47 per cent in the Netherlands to a high of 90 per cent in the Canada. Figures for the other forms of transport also varied considerably. Not surprisingly, in the Netherlands, a high proportion of trips were made by bicycle (26%) and on foot (18%). The highest rate of public transport use was in Germany, where nearly one in five journeys was made by public transport.


The bar chart provides information that may help explain why car use in the Canada. The most frequently cited reason was lack of any other alternative (38%). Although a sizeable percentage said it was more convenient (12%), the other factors listed appeared to relate more to need than preference, e.g. working night shift.


Overall, the figures show considerable variation in modes of transport used, though the car continues to dominate in most contexts.

The pie charts show the average consumption of food in the world in 2008 compared to two countries; China and India.


Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.

The pie charts show the average consumption of food in the world in 2008 compared to two countries; China and India.


Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.

The graphs illustrate the consumption of 4 types of food used in the word in 2008. The figures are compared to the amounts of food used in china and India in the same year.


As an overall trend, the two countries showed different food consumption from the world average, while processed food consumption still had the largest percentages in all the three charts.


In particular, processed food consumption was the highest in the in the world, accounting for 41%, which was followed by vegetables and fruits at 29% and animal food at a quarter. Only 4% consisted of nut and seeds consumption.


Likewise, China used processed food in the largest proportion of 39%. Animal food showed the same figure as the world’s average, 25%. Vegetable and fruits was used at 23% while nuts and seeds showed less than a half figure.


In India, both vegetable and processed food were used the most in the year 2008 with percentages of 34% and 32% respectively, nuts and seeds used in this country showed the largest proportion among the three charts given, making up 19% at this time.

The graphs show changes in spending habits of people in UK between 1971 and 2001.


Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.

The graphs show changes in spending habits of people in UK between 1971 and 2001.


Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.

The pie charts show changes in UK spending patterns between 1971 and 30 years later, 2001.


As an overall trend, increased amounts of money spent on cars, computers and eating out were made up for by drops in expenditure on food and books.


In detail, food and car made up the two biggest item of expenditure in both years. Together they comprised over half of household spending in the UK. Food accounted for 44% of spending in 1971, but this dropped by two thirds to 14% in 2001. However, the outlay on cars doubled, rising from 22% in 1971 to 43% in 2001.


Other areas changed significantly. Spending on eating out doubled, climbing from 7% to 14%. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically, up from 2% in 1971 to 12% in 2001. However, as computer expenditure rose, the percentage of outlay on books plunged from 6% to 1%.

The graphs show figures relating to hours worked and stress levels amongst professionals in eight groups.


Describe the information shown to a university or collage lecturer.

The graphs show figures relating to hours worked and stress levels amongst professionals in eight groups.


Describe the information shown to a university or collage lecturer.

Two graphs give different information related to eight professional groups. The bar chart indicates the number of weekly work hours done by the groups while the pie graph illustrates the percentages of people suffering from stress related illness in the different professions given.


In general, business men work the longest among the eight groups while the smallest amount of time is normally worked by lecturers. According to the pie chart, lecturers struggle the most with work-related stress. Although their average working hours is smaller than any other group in the chart, lecturers suffer from the highest level of stress caused by their job.


The bar graph shows that business men and movie producers work the most at about 70 hours and 62 hours per week respectively. At the opposite end of the scale, lecturers work only around 25 hours. Working hours of other professionals varied with doctors, writers, programmers, lawyers and chefs working approximately 52, 46, 35 and 32 hours per week in the name ordered.


The pie graph shows that the professional who has the highest incidence of stress related illnesses is lecturers at 25%. Movie producers and doctors also have high rates with 18% and 15% each. The figures for business men, lawyers, chefs and writers can be grouped into percentages between 11 and 8%. The lowest rate of stress illness is attributed to programmers at only 5%, which is only a fifth the figure for lecturers.

The chart illustrates average distance travelled by various modes of transport in Netherland in 2001 and 2006. The figures are given in miles and to show how people’s preference changed over time.


In general, people in Netherland travelled more in the year 2006 than in 2001. Cars showed unparalleled figures among the given categories. Except walking, using bicycles and taking local buses, most of the categories showed overall increases in the distance travelled.


In detail, a person driving his own car travelled 3,199 miles on average in 2001, and the average distance showed a moderate rise to 4,806 miles in 2006. Apart from cars, taking trains, using long distance buses and taxis also experienced an overall growth in their figures from 289 miles to 366, from 54 miles to 124, and from 13 miles to 42 respectively in the order named.


On the other hand, walking and rising bicycles were not more favored by Dutch people. Both categories showed a moderate decline in their figures. Meanwhile, the number of people who used local buses must have dropped significantly as the average distance experienced a dramatic fall from 429 miles in 2001 to 274 miles in 2006.


(195 words)

The graphs indicate the source of complaints about the bank of America and the amount of time it takes to have the complaints resolved.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The graphs indicate the source of complaints about the bank of America and the amount of time it takes to have the complaints resolved.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The two graphs depict different information related to complaints within the bank of America. The pie graph shows the sources of complaints, while the bar graph illustrates the average time taken between investigation into complaints and final action taken.


In general, by far the highest number of complaints against the bank of America originated from the public. The bar graph shows the average time period between investigation and action is around 5 months.


63% of all complaints against the bank of America are lodged by the public. Of the remaining 37% of complaints, the figures can be grouped into percentages between 11 and 8%, which are made up of government agencies, out-of-state agencies, and insurance companies. Then interestingly, media and bank employee made up and equal figure, 3% in the chart.


The bar graph shows that 2001 had the highest waiting time for complaints of medical misconduct at 6 months. Although there is a significant drop from 6 months in 2001 to 5 months in 2002, all previous and proceeding years display an average waiting period of 5 months. Despite this, over time the average waiting period is decreasing.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie graphs show the nutritional consistency of two dinners.


Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The pie graphs show the nutritional consistency of two dinners.


Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.

The graphs compare the proportion of various nutritional compounds contained in two different foods; macaroni and medium baked potato.


In general, there are a larger percentage of carbohydrates and saturated fats in macaroni than in medium baked potato. In contrast, medium baked potato has a much higher amount of protein and glucose.


In particular, macaroni mainly consists of large amounts of carbohydrate and saturated fats. Carbohydrates take up slightly more than a half, 52%, while a little less than a quarter is made up of saturated fats. The other nutrients show relatively lower proportions.


On the other hand, medium baked potato is mostly comprised of carbohydrates and protein. The amount of carbohydrates in the food is less than in macaroni, but they still take up the greatest percentage of 35% in medium baked potato. Interestingly, this dinner cereal has a large amount of protein with 25%, which is very different from macaroni. The other types of nutrients do not show significant figures in the pie chart.

The diagram below shows two different processes for manufacturing black tea.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram below shows two different processes for manufacturing black tea.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram shows the two processes for manufacturing black tea. The traditional way is used for making loose tea and modern process is ideal for teabags.


When collecting tea, the tea picker picks only the two top leaves and the bud of ensure a high quality tea. Then, the tea leaves go through withering, where leaves are spread out and air is passed through withering, where leaves are spread out and air is passed through them to remove up to 60 per cent of their moisture.


After that, the leaves are ready for rolling or cutting. Factories use traditional methods of rolling and crushing or faster modern methods of cutting, tearing and curling to make teabags. In both processes, natural enzymes are produced from the leaves. The next step is oxidation, where the enzymes from the leaves mix with the air. This changes the colour of the leaves from green to copper and creates a nice flavour and aroma. Finally, the leaves are fired and dried. By this stage, little moisture remains in the tea-just three per cent.


(178 words)

The diagram shows the relationship between a numbers of different languages. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram shows the relationship between a numbers of different languages. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The diagram shows the varieties of English spoken throughout the world and how they are related.


There are two main branches of English: British English and American English. The British English Branch is geographically wide-spread. It extends across several continents from the West Indies, through the British Isles themselves, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, the Far East and Australasia. In addition to the four varieties of English spoken in the British Isles (i.e. in Ireland, Wales, Scotland and England), it includes a large number of other varieties, for instance Jamaican English, South Africa English, and Australian English.


The American branch is largely restricted to the American continent. It comprises the varieties of English spoken in the different region of the United States itself, as well as in Canada. Beyond the continent, the extent of its influence is limited to the Philippines in the Far East and American Samoa in the Pacific.


In brief, the diagram shows that, like the economic and political influence of the Anglo Saxon countries, the reach of English has extended to virtually every region of the world.

The chart below gives information about “Istanbul Promo plus” sales in 2007. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The chart below gives information about “Istanbul Promo plus” sales in 2007. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The chart shows how Promo Plus in Istanbul fluctuated over a period of 12 months. It is observed that in the first month of 2007, Promo Plus sales stood at 200 million turkish lira and rose slightly to reach about 225 million in February. This was followed by another increase, although much steeper, in March when sales where almost 125 million turkish lira higher than February.


However, this upward trend was suddenly broken and sales plummeted dramatically over the next 4 months to reach a little over 100 million turkish lira in July. August sales showed a significant rise back to January levels as figures nearly doubled, but this was not to last as they dropped again in September to the same level as they were in July. October came with a small increase of about 100 million turkish lira in sales, after which sales figures levelled off and remained relatively static over the last two months of 2007.


Overall, Promo Plus in Istanbul remained relatively unchanged in 2007 as January and December sales were fairly equal. Also, sales were at their highest in March while the weakest sales figures could be observed in July and September.

The line graph shows Paris Metro station passengers. Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The line graph shows Paris Metro station passengers. Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The line-graph indicates the number of people using a metro station in Paris over a given day of year.


The number of passengers rises sharply in the morning reaching a peak of 400 at 8 am. After the morning peak there is a steady drop to 300 at 9 am and less than 200 at 10 am. Between 10 am and 11 am there is a slight increase. The number plateaus just below 300 between 12 noon and 2 pm. In the afternoon, there is a decline in the number of citizens using the station to just 80 at 4 pm. The evening brings a huge increase from 200 at 5 pm to almost 400 at 6 pm. The number of passengers tapers off slightly after 6 pm, but falls quickly to 120 by 8 pm. After a small rise at 9 pm, the number tails off to 120 at 10 pm.


All in all, the time series show that the greatest number of passengers gather in the station early in the morning and also early in the evening.

The graph below presents the employment patterns in the USA between 1930 and 2010.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The graph below presents the employment patterns in the USA between 1930 and 2010.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

In 1930, 75% of the labour force in the USA was employed in farming, fishing and foresting while only 10% worked in sales and office and trade. At the same time both the Industrial sector and the technical sector constituted just 2% of the workforce each. This situation changed only very gradually over the next 20 years, except for the technical workforce, which increased more than threefold.


However by 1980 there had been a significant change in the pattern of employment. While the farming, fishing and foresting employees had declined in number to 40% of the workforce, Industrial employees as well as technical had increased their share to 13% and 10% respectively.


Similarly the sales and office sectors did not increase until 1980. The most dramatic change could be seen by 2000, when the proportion of farming, fishing and foresting works reduced to just 10% while the three other major sectors had all increased to over 20% of the workforce.

The bar chart shows the number of overseas students enrolled in a third year Computer Science course at a Canadian college.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The bar chart shows the number of overseas students enrolled in a third year Computer Science course at a Canadian college.


Summarise the information by selecting and report in the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

According to the bar chart, students from four Asian countries (China, Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka) and one European country (France) are taking Computer Science at the collage. Some students are enrolled in the Database core option; the others are taking Networking.


Overall, the China has the largest number of enrolled students (17) and France has the smallest (5). Singapore and Sri Lanka both have 12 students; Malaysia has 11. It is noticeable that Singapore and Sri Lanka have similar profiles.


Students from all five countries are enrolled in Database, but more males are taking this option than females (21 and 9 respectively). For each nationality, the males taking Database outnumber the females, except in the case of French students with 3 females to only 1 male. The China has the most students studying Database (9); Sri Lanka is next with 7, while Singapore has 6. Malaysia and France have 4 Database students each.


As for Networking option, more females than males are enrolled from every country except France. In fact, no female French students are taking Networking. Only 1 male from each country is enrolled in Networking, except for 2 males from Sri Lanka.

The diagram below shows the typical stages of consumer goods manufacturing, including the process by which information is fed back to earlier stages to enable adjustment.

Most consumer goods go through a series of stages before they emerge as finished products ready for sale.

Raw materials and manufactured components comprise the initial physical input in the manufacturing process. Once obtained, these are stored for later assembly. But assembly first depends upon the production planning stage, where it is decided how and in what quantities the stored materials will be processed to create sufficient quantities of finished goods. The production planning stage itself follows the requirements of the goods' design stage that proceeds from extensive research. After assembly, the products are inspected and tested to maintain quality control l Those units that pass the inspection and testing stages are then packaged, despatched and offered for sale in retail outlets. The level of sales, which is the end point of the manufacturing process, helps determine production planning.

A product's design is not only the result of product research, but is also influenced by testing and market research. If the testing stage (after assembly and inspection) reveals unacceptable problems in the finished product, then adjustments will have to be made to the product's design. Similarly, market research, which examines the extent and nature of the demand for products, has the role of guiding product design to suit consumer demands which may change with time. Market research, while influenced by product sales, also serves to foster future sales by devising suitable advertising for the goods.

Thus the reality of consumer goods manufacturing goes well beyond a simple linear production process.

The diagram below shows the typical stages of consumer goods manufacturing, including the process by which information is fed back to earlier stages to enable adjustment.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The chart below shows the sleep patterns of people in five different occupations according to a Canadian study.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


The chart below shows the sleep patterns of people in five different occupations according to a Canadian study.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


Write at least 150 words.

Differences in sleep patterns appear to reflect differences in individuals' occupations.

A Canadian study has pointed out, for example, that students typically sleep for a consecutive 8-hour period each night, from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. This may be because the central activity in their lives, study, takes place in normal daylight hours. Similarly, business executives sleep consecutive hours, but perhaps because their jobs are especially busy and stressful they sleep for 6 hours on average, getting up around 5 a.m.

By contrast, truck drivers, probably because of their need to keep their trucks on the road over long periods, tend to sleep in two 3-hour blocks: one between 7 and 10 a.m. and another from 4 to 7 p.m. Another occupation associated with broken sleep schedules is that of doctors. They tend to retire to bed around 1 a.m. and start their day at 7 a.m., but may be woken up to deal with emergencies in the middle of the night. Finally, full-time mothers, especially those with young children, tend to sleep when their babies do. Typically, they will sleep from 10 p.m. and be awoken at 1 a.m. to comfort their babies for a couple of hours. They then go back to bed to wake at 6 a.m., but nap for two hours or so in the early afternoon.

Thus the influence on one's sleep pattern is worthy of consideration when choosing an occupation

The chart below shows information about average house prices in five different cities between 1990 and 2002 compared with average house prices in 1989.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The chart below shows information about average house prices in five different cities between 1990 and 2002 compared with average house prices in 1989.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The graph illustrates the figures of average house prices in the five different cities during the period from 1990 to 2002, in comparison with the data in 1989. Overall, there was an upward trend in the percentage of change of house prices during the period shown in almost all of the cities except for Frankfurt.


As can be clearly seen, there was a considerable fall by approximately 5% in the proportion change of estate prices in New York between 1990 and 1995. Likewise, Tokyo and London, which had the same figures, witnessed a dramatic decrease by about 7% over the same period. However, the figures for Madrid and Frankfurt were around 2% and 3%, respectively.


During the latter period from 1996 to 2002, the figure for London was the highest with more than 10% in the percentage of change of house prices. During the same period, the rates at which the house prices increased were about 5% in New York and 4% in Madrid. This rate in Frankfurt was 2%, lower than than in the first 5-year period. Finally, the percentage change in Tokyo fell by around 5% between 1996 and 2002.

remarks

All the requirements of the task were covered fairly well. The key features were identified, emphasized and illustrated in a suitable and logical way. The ideas are presented in a logical order. All aspects of cohesion are taken care of well. The paragraphing is handled suitably and appropriately. The range of vocabulary allows the writer to communicate the exact meanings. Some sophisticated words/expressions are used in a clever way, with only occasional errors in word choice/expression choice. A wide range of grammatical structures are used. Most sentences are free of errors. Inappropriate use of grammar is very infrequent. Overall this report seems worthy of IELTS Band 8.

Below is a map of the city of Brandfield. City planners have decided to build a new shopping mall for the area, and two sites, S1 and S2 have been proposed.


Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


Below is a map of the city of Brandfield. City planners have decided to build a new shopping mall for the area, and two sites, S1 and S2 have been proposed.


Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.


The map illustrates the two possible sites for a new shopping complex in the city of Brandfield. The initial difference between two sites is that the first site is near a residential area, while the other is close to an industrial region.


The first site (S1) is located to the north of the city between the residential area and the city centre. There are three infrastructure features (a river, a main road and a railway) around S1, thus, thesetransports may provide easy access from most part of the city, if a shopping mall is built in that area.


The second site (S2) lies to the south-east end of the city and is fairly close to the downtown and the industrial part. The site is near two main roads and the railroad; however, has no residential part around the area.


There is a large Golf Course and a park in the west side of the city, but both sites are not close to the given area.

Below is a map of the city of Brandfield. City planners have decided to build a new shopping mall for the area, and two sites, S1 and S2 have been proposed.


Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Teacher’s summary: All the requirements of the task were covered fairly well.The key features were identified, emphasized and illustrated in a suitable and logical way. The ideas are presented in a logical order. All aspects of cohesion are taken care of well. The paragraphing is handled suitably and appropriately. The range of vocabulary allows the writer to communicate the exact meanings. Some sophisticated words/expressions are used in a clever way, with only occasional errors in word choice/expression choice. Most sentences are free of errors. Inappropriate use of grammar is very infrequent. Overall, this report could be awarded IELTS Band 8.

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows trends in consumption of fast foods. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows trends in consumption of fast foods. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The graph shows the changes in the demand for hamburgers, fish &chips and pizza from 1970 to 1990.


It is immediately apparent that in 1970 the most popular food was pizza. The demand for pizza started from 300 grams followed by a spectacular fall of 200 grams in 1985.


The striking feature of the graph is the demand for fish & chips. In 1970, fish & chips were the second favourite food among people, and from 1980 on the total demand surged to a high of 500 grams from 99 in 1970.


Furthermore, hamburgers were the least popular food in 1970 with the total demand of 15 grams, which increased gradually till 1985. The total demand for hamburgers skyrocketed to 299 grams in 1990.


In conclusion, there was a subsential increase in the demand for hamburgers and sea food, whereas there was a significant fall in the popularity of pizza.

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows trends in consumption of fast foods. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.


Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Teacher’s summary: All the requirements of the task were covered fairly well. The key features were identified, emphasized and illustrated in a suitable and logical way. The ideas are presented in a logical order. All aspects of cohesion are taken care of well. The paragraphing is handled suitably and appropriately. The range of vocabulary allows the writer to communicate the exact meanings. Some sophisticated words/expressions are used in a clever way. A wide range of grammatical structures are used. Overall, this report seems worthy of IELTS Band 8.