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40 Cards in this Set

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ATOMS
SMALLEST UNIT OF MATTER.
MOLECULES
SMALLEST QUANTITY OF A SUBSTANCE THAT RETAINS IT CHEMICAL PROPERTIES.
MACROMOLECULES
LARGE MOLECULE COMPOSED OF SMALLER MOLECULES
ORGANELLES
PART OF A CELL WHICH PERFORMS A SPECIALIZED FUNCTION.
CELLS
STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL UNIT OF AN ORGANISIM; SMALLEST STRUCTURE CAPABLE OF PERFORMING ALL THE FUNCTIONS NECESSARY FOR LIFE.
ORGAN
COMPOSED OF SEVERAL TYPES OF TISSUES AND PERFORMS A PARTICULAR FUNCTION WITHIN A ORGAN SYSTEM.
ORGAN SYSTEM
GROUP OF RELATED ORGANS WORKING TOGETHER.
ORGANISM
INDIVIDUAL LIVING THING.
ANTERIOR
(VENTRAL)
A BODY PART THAT IS LOCATED TOWARD THE FRONT. FOR EXAMPLE, THE WINDPIPE (TRACHEA) IS ANTERIOR TO THE ESOPHAGUS.
POSTERIOR
(DORSAL)
A BODY PART IS LOCATED TOWARD THE BACK. FOR EXAMPLE, THE HEART IS POSTERIOR TO THE STERNUM (BREASTBONE).
SUPERIOR
A BODY PART IS LOCATED ABOVE ANOTHER PART, OR TOWARD THE HEAD. FOR EXAMPLE, THE FACE IS SUPERIOR TO THE NECK.
INFERIOR
A BODY PART IS BELOW ANOTHER PART, OR TOWARD THE FEET. FOR EXAMPLE, THE NAVEL IS INFERIOR TO THE CHIN.
MEDIAL
A BODY PART IS NEARER THAN ANOTHER PART TO AN IMAGINARY MIDLINE OF THE BODY. FOR EXAMPLE, THE BRIDGE OF THE NOSE IS MEDIAL TO THE EYES.
LATERAL
A BODY PART IS FARTHER AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE. FOR EXAMPLE, THE EYES ARE LATERAL TO THE NOSE.
PROXIMAL
A BODY PART IS CLOSER TO THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT OR CLOSER TO THE TRUNK.FOR EXAMPLE, THE ELBOW IS PROXIMAL TO THE HAND.
DISTAL
A BODY PART IS FARTHER FROM THE POINT OF ATTACHMENT OR FARTHER FROM THE TRUNK OR TORSO. FOR EXAMPLE, THE HAND IS DISTAL TO THE ELBOW.
SUPERFICIAL
(EXTERNAL)
A BODY PART IS LOCATED NEAR THE SURFACE. FOR EXAMPLE, THE SKIN IS SUPERFICIAL TO THE MUSCLES.
DEEP
(INTERNAL)
THE BODY PART IS LOCATED AWAY FROM THE SURFACE. FOR EXAMPLE, THE INTESTINES ARE DEEP TO THE SPINE.
CENTRAL
A BODY PART IS SITUATED AWAY FROM THE CENTER OF THE BODY OR AN ORGAN. FOR EXAMPLE, THE CENTRAL NERVOUSE SYSTEM IS LOCATED ALONG THE MAIN AXIS OF THE BODY.
PERIPHERAL
A BODY PART IS SITUATED AWAY FROM THE CENTER OF THE BODY OR AN ORGAN. FOR EXAMPLE, THER PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM IS LOCATED OUTSIE THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
IPSILATERAL
A BODY PART IS ON THE SAME SIDE OF THE BODY AS ANOTHER BODY PART. FOR EXAMPLE, THE RIGHT HAND IS IPSILATERAL TO THE RIGHT FOOT.
AXIAL PORTION OF THE BODY
INCLUDES THE HEAD, NECK, AND TRUNK.
APPENDICULAR PORTION OF THE BODY
INCLUDES THE LIMBS: THAT IS THE UPPER LIMBS & LOWER LIMBS.
SAGITTAL PLANE
( MEDIAL PLANE)
EXTENDS LENGTHWISE & DIVIDES THE BODY INTO RIGHT AND LEFT PORTIONS. FOR EXAMPLE, IFT PASSES EXACTLY THROUGH THE MIDLINE OF THE BODY.
FRONTAL PLANE
ALSO EXTENDS LENGTHWISE, BUT IT IS PERPENDICULAR TO A SAGITTAL PLANE & DIVIDES THE BODY OR AN ORGAN INTO ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR PORTIONS.
TRANSVERSE PLANE
IS PERPENDICULAR TO THE BODYS LONG AXIS AND THEREFORE DIVIDES THE BODY HORIZONTALLY TO PRODUCE A CROSS SECTION.
THE POSTERIOR BODY CAVITY IS SUVDIVIDED INTO 2 PARTS.
1. THE CRANIAL CAVITY, ENCLOSED BY THE BONY CRANIUM, CONTAINS THE BRAIN.
2. VERTEBRALCANAL ENCLOSED BY THE VERTEBRAE, CONTAINS THE SPINAL CORD.
THE POSTERIOR BODY CAVITY IS LINED BY 3 MEMBRANOUS LAYERS CALLED
MENINGES
THE LARGE ANTERIOR BODY CAVITY IS SUBDIVIDED INTO
THE THORACIC CAVITY AND THE INFERIOR ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY.
DIAPHRAGM
A MUSCULAR PARTITION SEPARATES THE 2 CAVITIES.
SERIOUS MEMBRANES
MEMBRANES THAT COVERS INTERNAL ORGANS AND LINES CAVITIES LACKING AN OPENING TO THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY. ALSO CALLED SEROSA.
SERUM
IS THE FLUID THAT REMAINS IF ALL OF THE CLOTTING PROTEINS ARE REMOVED FROM THE BLOOD.
PARIETAL PERITONEUM
LINES THE ABDOMINAL AND PELVIC WALLS AND THE INFERIOR SURFACE OF THE THORACIC DIAPHRAGM.
VISCERAL PERITONUEM
MEMBRANE THAT COVERS THE SURGACES OF THE LUNGS
SEROUS MEMBRANE
MEMBRANE THAT COVERS INTERNAL ORGANS AND LINES CAVITITES LACKING AN OPENING TO THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY ; ALSO CALLED SEROSA
MEDIASTINUM
TISSUE MASS LOCATED BETWEEN THE LUNGS.
VISCERAL PLEURA
MEMBRANE THAT COVERS TH ESURGACES OF THE LUNGS.
PARIETAL PLEURA
MEMBRANE THAT LINES THE INNER WALL OF THE THORACIC CAVITY.
PLEURAE
SERIOUS MEMBRANE THAT COVERS THE LUNGS AND LINES THE WALLS OF THE CHEST AND DIAPHRAGM.
VISCERAL PERICARDIUM
THE INNER LAYER OF THE SEROUS PERICARDIUM; IT IS IN CONTACT WITH THE HEART AND THE ROOTS OF THE VESSELS OF THE HEART.