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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

An _____________ is the name for an unborn baby when he is distinctly recognizable as a miniature baby.

fetus

The chemical and physical processes by which the body "burns" food and generates energy is called ______________.

metabolism

The type of circulation that involves the movement of blood through all parts of the body except the lungs is ________________ circulation.

systemic

The pressure during contraction of the ventricles is called ___________ pressure

systolic

______________ are muscles that increase the angle between the bones of a joint.

Extensors

The most important and complex part of the nervous system is the ___________

brain

The ______________ nervous system is responsible for functions that are consciously controlled.

somatic

The __________, or white of the eye, is part of the tough outer layer of the eyeball.

sclera

The ______________ is the colored part of the eye.

iris

____________ is the eating disorder characterized by self-induced starvation and being severely underweight.

anorexia nervosa

_____________are the leading cause of accidental deaths in the United States.

traffic accidents

If your clothing catches on fire, you should immediately __________, ________, ___________.

stop, drip, and roll

Never use water on electrical or ___________ fires.

flammable liquid (or grease)

The body's largest veins are the _________.

venae cavae

The large, spongy organs located inside the thoracic cavity are the ____________

lungs

The rigid ring of the bone that supports most of the body's weight is the ________________.

pelvic girdle

The connective tissue that attaches muscles to bone is a ____________

tendon

The wasting away of muscle through lack of use is called ___________.

atrophy

Name parts of neuron:

The thick bundle of nerve fibers through which the brain communicates with the body is the ___________________.

spinal cord

Sensory receptors that are responsible for sensations of touch and pressure are called

mechanorecetors

Sensory receptors that are responsible for sensation of smell and taste are called

Chemoreceptors

The inability of the eyes to focus on distant objects is _______________.

myopia

A good drownproofing technique to use in choppy water is the ____________.

survival float

The drownproofing technique that should be used in cold water (while wearing a PFD) is the ____________.

HELP position

During which weather phenomenon should a person seek underground shelter or crouch down next to a wall where there are no windows?

tornado

The muscular tube that connects the pharynx with the stomach is the _____________.

esophagus

The largest internal organ in the body is the __________.

liver

The largest artery in the body is the ___________.

aorta

The two major parts of the skeletal system are the ____________ and ___________.

axial skeleton


appendicular skeleton



The nerve cells of the body are called _______________.

neurons

The central nervous system is composed of the ________________ and ___________.

brain


spinal cord

The two types of nerves in the peripheral nervous system are the _________ and _________.

spinal nerves


cranial nerves

The neurons that relay signals from the CNS to other parts of the body are the ______________

motor neurons

A dangerous surface current formed when large quantities of water recede rapidly into the sea is called a ________________.

rip current

The most common emergency signal is _____________.

three of anything

An inflammation of the skin is called_____________.

dermatitis

A serious reduction in the body's water content is known as _______________.

dehydration

Below-normal body temperature is called _______________.

hypothermia

The freezing of body tissue is called.

frostbite

The weather phenomenon that kills the most people every year is ____________

floods.

The balancing of different risks when considering a decision or policy is called___________________.

risk assesment

means "fat or fatty"

lip-, lipo

refers to the liver

hepat-, hepato

refers to the heart

cardio-

refers to bones

osteo-

refers to the muscle

my-, myo

refers to the arm

brachia

means "without"

an-

means "dark"

melan-, melano-

means "inflammation"

-itis

means "condition"

-ia

means "heat"

therm-, thermo

refers to the eye

-op, -ops

means "killing"

-cide

A doctor who treats diseases and disorders of the digestive system is called a ________________.

gastroenterologist

A doctor who prevents and corrects misalignment of the teeth is called a _______________.

orthodontist

A doctor who treats bone and joint injuries and disorders is called a _________________.

orthopedist

A doctor who treats skin diseases and disorders is called a ________________________.

dermatologist

A doctor who treats diseases and disorders of the nervous system is called a ___________________.

neurologist

controls involuntary muscles

brain stem

controls memory and thought processes

cerebrum

coordinates complex movements or skeletal muscles

cerebellum

interprets sensory information

cerebrum

contains nerve fibers that connect the brain and the spinal cord.

brain stem