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88 Cards in this Set

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Q. What does MIDI stand for?
A. Musical Instrument Digital Interface
Q. What is the group that defines the standards for the MIDI in the US and Europe?
A. MMA (MIDI Manufacture Association)
Q. How many MIDI channels are there?
16
Q. How Many Pins are there on a MIDI cable?
5
Q. How many pins are used on the MIDI cable?
A. 3 ( Pins 2,4,5)
Q. what’s the Maximum Length of a MIDI cable?
50 Feet
Q. Which pin carries the data?
A. Pin 5
(Pin 2 Ground
Pin 4 plus 5 Bias)
Q. What is MIDI Baud rate?
A. 31.25 Kbaud
31,250 Baud (bits per second)
Q. If you want to only play the Sounds that are in your Master keyboard, what would you turn on?
A. Local Control (Local On)
Q. Which Port does the master device use?
A. Out Port
Q. Which Port does the slave device use?
Out
Q. Which Port is used to pass information to the next device?
Thru
Q. What is the most Basic MIDI wiring Configuration?
Daisy Chaining
Q. How many devices can you wire past the master when Daisy Chaining ?
3
Q. What is the smartest wiring technique for MIDI communication?
Handshake Wiring.
Q. Which port is optically isolated?
IN port
Q. Why is the IN PORT optically isolated?
A. To prevent against Ground. Loops, EMI, Hum and Buzz
Q. If you have more than 3 slave devices what would you use to wire them together? (Typically for a live MIDI setup)
MIDI Thru Box
Q. To connect your MIDI Device to a computer, we need what type of device?
MIDI Interface
Q. A cable that connects a MIDI interface to a computer is what type of cable?
A. Dual Serial Cable
Q. What is MIDI receive Mode 1
A. Omni On Poly
Q. What is MIDI Receive Mode 2
A. Omni On Mono
Q. What is MIDI receive Mode 3
A. Omni Off Poly
Q. What is MIDI Receive Mode 4
A. Omni Off Mono
Q. Which of the 4 midi Receive Modes is the Most Common?
A. Omni Off Poly Mode Three
Q. Define Multitimbral Mode?
A. Omni Off poly (mode 3)
X16 Channels
Q. Which parameter of Multitimbral allows for channel selection?
A. Channel Assign
Q. Which parameter of multitimbral allows for sound (Patch) Selection?
A. Timbre Assign
Q. Which Parameter of Multitimbral allows for pre-mixing?
A. Volume
Q. Which Parameter of Multitambral allows for control over the stereo field?
A. Pan
Q. Which parameter of mulitambral allows for selection of outputs?
Out Put Assign
Q. Which parameter of multitambral allows for creation of Sound effects?
A. Tuning
Q. Which Parameter of multitambral allows for creating of splits, layers , or Zones?
A. Note Ranges
Q. Which parameter of Multitambral allows for the ability to turn channels on or off?
A. Channel Enable/Disable
Q. The ability to play more then one note at a time is called?
A. Polyphonic
Q. the maximum number of notes a device can play at one time is called?
A. Polphony
Q. This Automatically assigns notes of polyphony to each channel as they are needed in real time.
A. Dynamic Allocation
Q. This changes some aspect of sound depending on how fast you strike the keys.
A. Velocity Switching
What Circuit was created to emulate amplitude?
VCA
What circuit was created to emulate timbre?
VCF
An LFO Modulating the VCO is called what?
Vibrato
An LFO Modulating the VCA is called what?
Tremolo
An LFO modulating the VCF is called what?
Wah-Wah
What is the recoded piece of audio that can be triggered by MIDI?
Sample
Where is the best place to edit a sample so it plays back with no clicks or pops?
Zero Crossing Point
When Sampling, changes in pitch equal changes in?
Tempo
Where do you attach a sample so it plays back at its original pitch?
Root Key/ Key Note
Q. A sequencer’s Timing Resolution is measured in what?
Ppqn- Parts per quarter note.
Q. What are the most common Controllers?
A. 0,32 Bank Select,
1. Modulation
7. Volume
10. Pan
64 Sustain
Q. List the Controller Categories?
0-31 Low Resolution
32-63 Hight Resolution
64-95 Switches
96-119 Various/ FX
120-137 Modes
Q. What is the process of utilizing both a low Resolution and a high Resolution Controller in Combination to increase the range to total values?
Mirroring
Q. How many Patches are Found in a Bank?
A. 128 (0-127)
Q. How many total Banks are available in MIDI?
A. 16,384
Q. Which Bank Select controller is the MSB?
0
Q. List the channel Mode Messages
A. 120 All Sounds Off
122 Local On/off
124 Omni off
121 Reset all controllers
123 all notes off
125 omni on
127 poly
126 mono
Q. What Function reduces the data by 30-33% by removing redundant status Bytes
A. Running Status
Q. a stats Byte for a channel Voice Message Tells us what 2 pieces of information?
1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
• -Midi Message -Midi Channel
Q. a data byte for a channel voice message tells us what pieces of information?
0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
Amount value
Q. A status Byte for a system message tells us what 2 pieces of information?
1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
System message, Which System Message
Q.List the system common messages
A. Tune Request
Song select
Song position pointer
MIDI time Code
Q.List the System Realtime Messages
A. Timing Clock
Start
Continue
Stop
Active Sensing
System Reset
List the system exclusive Protocal?
Start of Exlusive (F0h)
Manufactures ID
Product ID
Device (user) ID
Program data
End of Exlusive (F7h)
Q. What are the 3 ways to tranfer system exclusive data?
A. Direct Transfer
Request for data
Handshake
Q. In which message category does timing clock belong?
A. System Realtime Message
Q. All Notes off?
A. Channel Mode Messages
Q. Manufactures ID?
A. System Exclusion
Q. Tune Request
A. System, Common message
Q. Which type of sync is based on the timing or speed of the song?
A. Tempo
Q. What are the two types of location based sync?
A. Relative and Absolute
Q. Which MTC message is only sent on Start, Stop, or Continue?
A. Full Frame Messages
Q. How many Bytes long is a MTC Full frame Messages?
A. 10 bytes
Q. Which MTC message Is sent during playback?
A. Quarter Frame Message
Q. How many bytes long is an MTC Quarter Frame Message?
A. 2 Bytes
Q. How many QF messages are needed to complete a SMPTE Address?
A. 8 QF Messages
Name the two types of MIDI converters
Trigger to MIDI & Pitch to MIDI
Which MIDID converter has the least Latency?
Trigger to MIDI
Which MIDI converter is Most Expressive?
Pitch to Midi
In which message Category does Modulation Belong to?
Channel Voice Message
In which message Category does Active Sensing Belong to?
System real time message
In which message Category does All Sounds off Belong to?
Channel Mode Messages
In which message Category does Product ID Belong to?
System Exclusive message
In which message Category does Midi time code Belong to?
System Common Message
In which message Category does Product ID Belong to?
System Exclusive message
In which message Category does Midi time code Belong to?
System Common Message
In which message Category does Product ID Belong to?
System Exclusive message
In which message Category does Midi time code Belong to?
System Common Message
In which message Category does Product ID Belong to?
System Exclusive message
In which message Category does Midi time code Belong to?
System Common Message