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49 Cards in this Set

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1. What body type is a slender build?
D) Asthenic habitus
2. What body type is a massive build?
A) Hypersthenic habitus
3. What body type has the stomach and gallbladder low, vertical, and near the midline?
D) Asthenic habitus
4. What body type is of average build, present in about 35% of the population?
C) Hyposthenic habitus
5. What is the most common body habitus, present in about 50% of the population?
B) Sthenic habitus
6. What body habitus has the stomach and gallbladder high and horizontal?
A) Hypersthenic habitus
7. What body type has the thorax narrow and shallow?
D) Asthenic habitus
8. What body type has the thorax broad and deep?
A) Hypersthenic habitus
9. Key points in performing pediatric radiography are:
B) Work quickly, communicate clearly with child and parents, use ganadal shielding, report suspected child abuse.
10. The most important point to remember when performing trauma radiography is:
C) Do no additional harm to the patient
11. When you are performing trauma radiography:
D) Splints, bandages, and cervical collers should be removed after preliminary images have been viewed by a physician so that they do not obstruct the anatomy that must be imaged.
12. What plane passes transversely across the body?
A) Transverse plane
13. What plane passes vertically through the midline of the body from front to back?
C) Median sagittal plane
14. What plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions?
A) Transverse plane
15. What plane passes vertically through the midaxillary region of the body and through the coronal suture of thr cranium at right angles to the midsagittal plane?
B) Midcoronal plane
16. What describes any plane parallel to the MSP?
D) Sagittal plane
17. What type of joint is the hip?
A) Ball and socket joint
18. What type of joint has a rounded head of one bone that moves in a cuplike cavity?
A) Ball and socket joint
19. What type of joint permits motion in one plane only?
C) Hinge joint
20. What type of joint has opposing surfaces that are convex-concave, allowing great freedom of motion?
D) Saddle joint
21. What type of joint permits rotary movement in which a ring rotates around a central axis?
B) Pivot joint
22. Which of the following conditions would not be an indication for performing hysterosalpinography?
B) Status of pregnancy
23. Which of the following are true regarding venography?
B) 1,4
1. performed to visualize thrombophlebitis, varicose viens, or vessel damage secondary to trauma.
2. requires ap and lateral projections.
3. use of exam is limited because deep veins can't be imaged.
4. injection is made into superficial veins.
24. Which of the following are true regarding contrast arthrography?
A) 1,2,3,4
1. asepsis required
2. may be performed on knee, shoulder, tmj, hip, wrist.
3. indications include trauma, capsular damage, meniscal tears, rupture of ligaments, arthritis.
4. joint is maipulated by hand to distribute contrast medium.
25. Which of the following are true concerning myelography?
D) 3,6
1. injection is always made at the L3-L4 interspace.
2. oily, iodinated contrast agent is the medium of choice.
3. indications include herniated intervertebral disks, space-occupying lesions, and degenerative diseases of the CNS.
5. the head must be kept hyperflexed to prevent contrast medium from entering the cerebral ventricles.
6. spinal fluid may be withdrawn for labratory analysis.
26. An exam that uses motion and blurring to view anatomy by setting the x-ray tube and image receptor in motion is:
C) conventional tomagraphy
27. The proper centering point for a PA projection of the hand is the:
B) Third metacarpophalngeal joint
28. for the lateral projection of the wrist:
A) the radius and ulna should be superimposed.
29. For the lateral projection of the forearm:
C) 1,3
1. the ulnar surface must be in contact with the image receptor.
2. the thumb should be in a relaxed position.
3. the humerus and forearm should be in contact with the table.
4. the elbow should be flexed 45 degrees.
5. the central ray is directed toward the injured joint.
30. For the AP projection of the elbow:
B) 2,3,5
1. the forearm and humerus should be at right angles.
2.the central ray is directed perpendicular to the joint.
3. the forearm and humerus should be parallel to the table.
4. the hand must be pronated.
5. the patient may have to lean laterally to ensure AP alignment.
31. For the lateral projection of the humerus:
A) 2,3,5
1. the hand should be pronated.
2. the patient may be upright or supine.
3. the humeral epicondyles are placed perpendicular to the cassette.
4. the arm should be slightly adducted.
5. the central ray is directed perpendicular to the midshaft.
32. For the PA obliques (scapular y) projection of the shoulder:
C) 2,3
1. the central ray is directed to the shoulder at a 10 degree cephalad angle.
2. the anterior surface of the affected shoulder is centered to the cassette.
3. the patient is rotated so that the midcoronal plane forms a 60 degree angle with the cassette.
4. the patient continues shallow breathing during exposure.
33. For the AP projection of the ac joints:
B) To properly demonstrate ac separation, separate images must be required-with equal weights attached to both wrists and without weights.
34. When the clavicle is being radiographed:
D) 3,4,5,6
1. PA projection must always be used.
2. a central ray angle of 25-30 degrees cephalad is used for the PA axial.
3. the patients head should be turned away from the affected side.
4. AP projection may be used for patient comfort.
5. an erect position may be used for patient comfort.
6. a central ray angle of 25-30 degrees caudad is used for the PA axial.
35. For the lateral projection of the scapula:
A) 1,3,4
1. patient should be upright to reduce pain.
2. pateint is positioned obliquely with unaffected scapula centered to the cassette.
3. body is adjusted by palpating axillary and vertebral borders of the scapula so that the scapula is lateral.
4. scapula must be projected free of the rib cage.
36. Whats the name of a fracture of the medial and lateral malleoli of the ankle joint dislocation?
D) Potts fracture
37. What condition involves the posterior portion of the tibia and the medial and lateral malleoli?
A) trimalleolar fracture
38. What condition is more commonly seen in the elderly?
C) Osteoarthritis
39. What is a tmor that arises on bone with a large bubble appearance and may be benign or malignant?
B) Giant cell myeloma
40. What condition is characterized by the degeneration of one or several joints?
C) Osteoarthritis
41. For AP radiography of the foot:
D) None are true
1. a trough-compensating filter may be used.
2. the dorsal surface rests on the cassette.
3. the central ray is directed 10 degrees anterior
4. the central ray is directed at the head of the third metatarsal.
42. When the AP axial projection is performed for the Os calcis:
A) 1,3,5
1. the leg should be fully extended.
2. the plantar surface of the foot should be parallel to the cassette.
3. the central ray is directed 40 degrees cephalad to the long axis of the foot.
4. the central ray enters the foot at the head of the fifth metatarsal.
5. a cylinder cone may be used for this projection.
43. For the medial oblique position of the ankle:
B) 1,5
1. the leg and foot are rotated medially.
2. the ankle is adjusted to a 90 degree angle.
3. the medial rotation is adjusted to 45 degrees to demonstrate the mortise joint.
4. the medial rotation is adjusted to 15-20 degrees to demonstrate the bony structure.
5. the central ray is directed vertically midway between the malleoli.
44. for the lateral lower leg projection:
D) 1,2,4,5,7
1. the leg is centered to the cassette.
2. the exam may be performed with the patient on the tabletop or bucky.
3. roll the patient away from the affected side.
4. the patella should be perpendicular to the cassette.
5. include both joints
6. the tibia and fibula should be superimposed.
7. the central ray is directed to the midpoint of the leg.
45. When the lateral knee projection is performed:
C) 1,2,5
1. the patient turns onto the affected side.
2. the knee is flexed 20-30 degrees.
3. the patella must be parallel tp the image receptor.
4. the central ray is directed 5 degrees caudad.
5. the central ray enters the knee joint inferior to the medial condyle.
46. For the tangential projection of the patella:
A) 1,2,3,4
1. the patient is prone.
2. the affected knee is flexed so that the tibia and fibula form a 50-60 degree angle with the table.
3. the central ray is directed 45 degrees cephalad through the patellofemoral joint.
4. the tangential patella projection may also be performed with the patient supine.
47. For the AP projection of the femur:
D) the lower leg is rotated medially 15 degrees.
48. The central ray for an AP projection of the hip is:
D) Directed perpendicular to a point 2 in. medial to the asis and at the level of the superior margin of the greater trochanter.
49. What is commonly caused by motor vehicle accidents?
B) Hangmans fracture