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168 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
disease of the bones
osteopathy
disease of a bone
osteopathy
imflammation of bones
osteitis
combining form for bone
oste/o
softening of the bones
osteomalacia
softening of the skull
craniomalacia
disease of bone
osteopathy
cancerous tumor of the bone
osteosarcoma
prefix meaning down from or less than
de-
hard outgrowth on a bone may be a bone tumor
osteoma
process of adding calcium to bone structure
calcification
when calcium is removed from the bones, there are less calcium than before
decalcification
disease condition of the bone in which there is deterioration of the bone matrix
osteoporosis
combining form for join
arthr/o
instrument used to view a joint
arthroscope
the process of looking into a joint with a scope
arthroscopy
noun that means any disease involving bones and joints
osteoarthropathy
surgical repair of a joint
arthroplasty
when a joint has lost its ability to move, movement can sometimes be restored by an __.
arthroplasty
physicians specialized in the care of bone and joint disease
orthopedists
viewing a joint by using an instrument
arthroscope
inflammation of a joint
arthritis
type of arthritis associated with bone degeneration
osteoarthritis
incldues many different conditions that are characterized by inflammation, degeneration, and connective tissue changes, especially in the joints
rheumatism
condition in the joint that are characterized by inflammation, degeneration, and connective tissue changes
rheumatoid arthritis
physician specialist who treats arthritic disorders
rheumatologist
the research and application of new treatments for arthritis
rheumatology
incision into a joint
arthrotomy
inflammation of bone and cartilage
osteochondritis
combining form for cartilage
chrondr/o
pain in or around cartilage
chondralgia
excision of cartilage
chondrectomy
suffix for development
-plasia
defective development of cartilage
chondrodysplasia
defective formation of bone and cartilage
osteochondrodysplasia
combining form for tendon
ten/o
surgical repair of tendons
tenoplasty
tendon pain
tenalgia
combining forms for tendon
tendin/o and tendon/o
inflammation of a tendon
tendonitis or tendinitis
pertaining to cartilage and ribes
chondrocostal
used in words about the ribs
cost/o
excision of a rib or ribs
costectomy
pertaining to ribs
costal
between the ribs
intercostal
pertaining to between cartilages
interchondral
combining form for teeth
dent/o
pertaining to between the teeth
interdental
pertaining to the teeth
dental
pain in the teeth, or toothache
dentalgia
tooth-shaped, or resembling a tooth
dentoid
used for cleaning teeth
dentifrice
another combining form for teeth
odont/o
dentist who specializes in straightening abnormally positioned teeth
orthodontist
physician who performs surgery on the skeletal system
orthopedist
prefix meaning around or near
peri-
disease around or near the teeth
periodontal
surgery of the gums (the tissues around the teeth)
periodontal surgery
DDS
Doctor of Dental Surgery
perform treatments for dental pulp or tooth root is injured or infected
endodontist
specializes in treating diseases of the tissues surrounding the teeth, such as performing a gingivectomy
periodontist
uses braces and other appliances to straighten teeth
orthodontist
straightens the teeth
orthodontist
the first part of the spinal column includes the seven cervical
vertebrae
adjective meaning pertaining to the lower back
lumbar
combining form for chest or thorax
thorac/o
adjective meaning pertaining to the chest and lower back
thoracolumbar
any chest disease
thoracopathy
pertaining to the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae
thoracolumbar
incision of the chest
thoracotomy
surgical tapping of the chest to remove fluids
thoracocentesis (surgical puncture)
how many vertebrae in each region: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccyx
cervical-7, thoracic-12, lumbar-5, sacral-5 fused, coccyx-3
surgical puncture of the heart
cardiocentesis
surgical puncture of the abdomen
abdominocentesis
surgical puncture of the lung cavity to remove fluid
pleurocentesis
posterior curvature (humpback)
kyph/o
lateral (S-shaped) curvature (crooked)
scoli/o
anterior curvature (swayback)
lord/o
prefix that means above, over, or on the top side
supra-
above the lumbar region
supralumbar
above the ribs
supracostal
refers to the surface of the head on top of the skull
supracranial
bone of the anterior pelvis
pubis
means rectum
rect/o
pertaining to the pubis and the rectum
puborectal
above the pubis
suprapubic
done to find the measurements of the pelvis
pelvimetry
instrument to measure speed
speedometer
instrument to measure the pelvis
pelvimeter
adjective meaning above the pelvis
suprapelvic
measures the chest
thoracometer
measures the heart
cardiometer
combining form for ischium
ischi/o
pertaining to the ischium and rectum
ischiorectal
pertaining to the ischium and pubis
ischiopubic
pertaining to the ischium
ischial
herniation through the sciatic notch in the ischium
ischiocele
pertaining to the ischium and pubic
ischiopubic
vertebrae of the neck
cervical vertebrae
joint between the sacrum and the ilium
sacroiliac joint or iliosacral
pertaining to the sacrum and the sciatic nerve
sacrosciatic
removal of the coccyx
coccygectomy
removal of a herniated disk
diskectomy
removal of the lamina
laminectomy
combining form for vertebra
spondyl/o
inflammation of one or more vertebrae
spondylitis
a forward slippage of the lumbar vertebrae
spondylolisthesis
condition of the spine
spondylosis
used in words to refer to the bone of the upper arm
humerus
fracture of the radium and ulna
radioulnar fracture
plural for carpus
carpi
pertaining to the wrist (adjective)
carpal
pertaining to the wrist and metacarpals (adjective)
carpometacarpal
excision of all or part of the wrist (noun)
carpectomy
means beyond
meta
bones in the hand "beyond" the carpals
metacarpals
bones of the fingers or toes
phalanges
inflammation of phalanges
phalangitis
excision of a phalanx (singular)
phalangectomy
combining form for the acromion process
acromi/o
pertaining to the acromion
acromial
pertaining to the acromion and humerus
acromiohumeral
pertaining to the acromion and the scapula
acromioscapular
pertaining to the femur and tibia
femorotibial
pertaining to the tibia and fibula
tibiofibular
pertaining to the fibula and calcaneus
fibulocalcaneal
plural form of calcaneus
calcanei
word root mean heel
calcane
combining form used in words that refer to heel
calcane/o
pertaining to the heel
calcaneal
breastbone
sternum
pertaining to the sternum and pericardium
sternopericardial
pertaining to the sternum and ribs
sternocostal
pertaining to the sternum
sternal
pain in the sternum
sternalgia
combining form for xiphoid (swordlike)
xiph/o
pertaining to the xiphoid process and the ribs
xiphocostal
adjective meaning pertaining to a condyle
condylar
excision of a condyle
condylectomy
resembling a condyle
condyloid
above a condyle
epicondyle
inflammation of the heart muscle
myocarditis
the heart muscle
myocardium
muscle pain
myodynia or myalgia
fibrous muscle tumor (typically found in the uterus)
myofibroma or lieomyoma
resembling muscle
myoid
muscle and fat tumor
myolipoma
muscle disease
myopathy
used in word to mean movement or motion
kinesi/o
slowness of movement
bradykinesia
pain on movement or movement pain
kinesialgia
excercise physiologist studies the science of how the body moves
kinesiology
cervical vertebrae, first, second, and so on
C1, C2, C3 ... C7
calcium
Ca (Ca++ ion)
CPD
cephalopelvic disproportion
CXR
chest x-ray
DDS
doctor of dental surgery
DO
doctor of osteopathy
Dx
diagnosis
Fx
fracture
FxBB
fracture of both bones
L1, L2, ... L5
lumbar vertebrae, first, second, and so on
OA
osteoarthritis
OREF
open reduction external fixation
ORIF
open reduction internal fixation
Orth, ortho
orthopedist
RA
rheumatoid arthritis
T1, T2, T3, ... T12
thoracic vertebrae, first, second, and so on