Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/79

Click to flip

79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Protestant Reformation led to a long period of religious conflict marked by all of the following except:
a. Protestants stormed Catholic churches
b. works of art and musical instruments were destroyed.
c. Catholics established the court of inquisition to condemn dissenters
d. the eventual settlement of Catholics to northern Europe and Protestants in Italy.
The vivid. passionate expression of the ______-human emotions or "states of the soul"-led to the Baroque period.
a. aflictions
b. confections
c. infections
d. affections
One of the many composers whose music exhibited both the Renaissance and Baroque styles was:
a. Carlo Gesualdo
b. Palestrina
c. Giovanni Bernini
d. Florentine Camerata
The practice of using all the notes-both in and out of the mode-to create complex and dissonant effects is called:
a. madrigalism
b. diatonicism
c. chromaticism
d. aestheticism
Gesualdo employed chromaticism in his madrigals to:
a.increase the tempo
b.create a mood of serenity
c.exaggerate the emotions in the text
d.none of the above
The church of St. Marks in Venice, Italy, designed in the plan of a cross, became the center for the performance of _____ music, festive music preformed by several choirs of voices and/or instruments.
a.polychoral
b.polymodal
c.polyphonic
d.polytonal
All of these were particularly significant characteristics of the Venetian polychoral style except:
a.the several choirs and instruments performing simulataniously were better served by chordal or homorhythmic texture than by the Renaissance polyphony.
b.Contrasting sonorities of various voices and instruments did not appeal to the Baroque imagination
c.Venetian polychoral works included large sections of massive chordal combinations.
d.The concertato principle
An underlyimg concept of the Baroque style, the contrasting sonorities of various voices and instruments, was known as the _________ principle.
a.concerto
b.continuo
c.concertino
d.concertato
________was a famous Italian organist, teacher, and composer who wrote many compositions for St. Mark’s in Venice.
a.Carlo Gesualdo
b.Giovanni Gabrieli
c.Claudio Monteverdi
d.Florentine Camerata.
A piece to be played or sounded upon instruments rather than sung was called a:
a. sonata
b. toccata
c. cantata
d. concertato
The Florentine Camerata was centered in _____, Italy.
a.Venice
b.Rome
c.Milan
d.None of the above
The Florentine Camerata was:
a.a group of musicians who specialized in polyphonic vocal works
b.a group of intellectuals who discussed and promoted changes in artistic style.
c.A group of artists who painted and sculpted.
d.A famous salon where musicians preformed
One of the most significant contributions of the Florentine Camerata was a new type of solo singing called:
a.melody
b.parody
c.monody
d.monologue
The Florentine Camerata found the existing vocal forms unsuitable for the clear and dramatic expression of a text for all the following reasons except:
a.the combination of melodic lines in the polyphonic madrigal made it too easy to understand the words
b.the melody lines of the typical Renaissance madrigal were unrelated to the natural declamation of the words
c.the use of the same melody for several verses of a strophic song belied any relationships between words and music
d.they considered madrigalisms “childish” and sought a more natural method of expressing texts
Both monody and the Venetian polychoral style implied a new texture of music eventually known as:
a.monophony
b.polyphony
c.homophony
d.heterophony
Musicians date the Baroque period from about ____ to about ____:
a.1450, 1600
b.1750, 1810
c.1600, 1750
d.1810, 1900
Eighteenth-century artists described seventeenth-century art as “baroque” because they found it to be:
a.refined and full of repose
b.fascinating in its lack of drama
c.strange and impassioned
d.so similar to their own work
All of the following ideas are characteristic of the Baroque period except:
a.vivid contrasts and contradictions
b.affirmation of both sides of almost any question
c.lack of interest in religion
d.an increase in the importance of secular life
All of the following occurred during the seventeenth century except:
a.the opening of the first public opera house
b.the presentation of the first public concerts
c.the increasing reliance of Baroque composers upon a small, aristocratic audiences to accept their works
d.the increasing trend among composers to seek public approval
Handel’s career as an opera composer made him more dependent on:
a.employment at the royal court
b.support from the church
c.the Florentine Camerata
d.the support of the public
The first book printed in America (in 1640) was a psalter, the:
a.Bay Song Book
b.Mayflower Psalm book
c.Bay Psalm Book
d.Pilgrim Song Book
The great artist Michelangelo died in 1564 on the same day that the scientific man of reason, _____, was born.
a.Isaac Newton
b.Galileo
c.William Harvey
d.Leonardo da Vinci
Galileo’s discoveries about the solar system:
a.contradicted the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church
b.aroused the attention of the Inquisition
c.were rejected by Galileo himself under the threat of torture
d.all of the above
On the day in 1642 when Italian Galileo died, _____, was born.
a.William Harvey
b.Michelangelo
c.Don Quixote
d.Isaac Newton
Like Galileo, Newton was fascinated with all of the following except:
a. the relationship between the planets and stars
b.the effects of gravity
c.studies of the pendulum, which led to methods of measuring time in music
d.the invention of the metronome in 1816
The art of the Baroque is filled with each of the following except:
a.tension
b.drive
c.peace
d.drama
All of the following are characteristics of the Baroque art except:
a.the direction of the viewer’s eye is often directed off canvas.
b.Sculpted figures are seething with tension and strain
c.Building project a sense of repose and stability
d.Elaborate and complex decorative ornamentation
Seventeenth-century painters shared with contemporary scientists a fascination with the properties and effects of:
a.color
b.light
c.rhythm
d.harmony
The following are all famous Baroque artists except:
a.Hals
b.Rubens
c.Vermeer
d.Moliere
Baroque musical style was affected by each of the following except:
a.secular music becoming as important as sacred
b.as many fine instrumental compositions as vocal pieces
c.homophonic texture becoming more important than polyphony
d.contrasts of timbre, alternation of free and metered rhythms, and abrupt changes of dynamic.
All of the following were Baroque-era multimovement works except:
a.the dance suite
b.the fugue
c.the concerto
d.the sonata
During the Baroque period, composers developed the ____ system, in which every note of the major or minor scale bears a specific relationship to every other note.
a.modal
b.tonal
c.textural
d.rhythmic
In the Baroque system of tonality, all of the pitches of a major or minor scale were specifically related to the first note of the scale, or the:
a.subdominant
b.dominant
c.mediant
d.tonic
The composer who suggested that the old and new styles represented the “first” and the “second” practices of music was:
a.Carlo Gesualdo
b.Giovanni Gabrieli
c.Claudio Monteverdi
d.Johann Sebastian Bach
For thirty years, Monteverdi was choirmaster at St. Mark’s in Venice, where ____ had composed and preformed great works in the Venetian polychoral style.
a.Carlo Gesualdo
b.Giovanni Gabrieli
c.Johann Sebastian Bach
d.George Frideric Handel’s
Monteverdi shared ____ taste for dramatic and emotional settings of madrigal texts, using dissonance for expressive purposes.
a.Carlo Gesualdo’s
b.Giovanni Gabrieli’s
c.Johann Sebastian Bach’s
d.George Frideric Handel’s
Monteverdi allowed the ____ of his songs, rather than the prevailing rules of music theory, to determine his use of dissonance.
a.harmony
b.melody
c.meter
d.text
The “first practice” of music, as identified by Monteverdi, is described by all of the following except that:
a.all of the voices are nearly equal in importance
b.it uses Palestrina’s style of choral polyphony
c.text expression is more important than the music
d.it is often used in church music
The “second practice” of music, as identified by Monteverdi, is described by all of the following except that:
a.the texture is usually homophone
b.music dominates text
c.it uses dissonance expressively
d.it is often used in secular music
Matching:
First practice = stile antico
Second practice=stile moderno
All of the following are characteristics of Monteverdi’s madrigal compositions except:
a.he used the old stile antico for madrigals, recognizing certain tonal principles
b.he used the bass line as an organizing and stabilizing element, giving the music a sense of direction
c.he used the triad as a chord, recognizing a rudimentary relationship between triads
d.as tonality became more firmly established, he used both chromoticism and dissonance more freely
In the sixteenth century, short but spectacular music dramas called ____ were often preformed between acts of a play:
a.interludes
b.intermedii
c.interactions
d.interruptions
____sometimes constituted “mini” dramas, with different voices or combinations of voices answering each other in dialog form
a.Motets
b.Monodies
c.Melodies
d.Madrigals
The text of an opera is called a(n):
a.obligato
b.ostinato
c.libretto
d.allegretto
Early opera librettos were:
a.based on Greek Mythology
b.often set to music by many different composers
c.usually preformed by small casts and accompanied by few instruments
d.all of the above
The invention of monody was important to Western music because it demonstrated that:
a.the harpsichord could accompany singers with great expression
b.solo singers could project their voices with enough volume to fill a concert hall
c.a solo singer could combine beautiful music with dramatic text expression
d.all of the above
All of the following are characteristics of a recitative except:
a.the melody of a recitative reflects unnatural vocal inflections
b.the rhythm of a recitative is free or flexible
c.a recitative is flexible in form, adaptable to the demands of the text
d.the texture of a recitative is generally homophonic
All of the following are characteristics of an aria except:
a.an aria provides an emotional reaction to events and is well adapted to the Baroque doctrine of affections
b.arias often have soaring melody lines, displaying the beauty of the voice.
c.An aria has unmetered rhythm
d.An aria has formal design, as in the da capo aria (A B A)
_____ was the first composer to realize the successful music drama requires a skillful blending of the literary, visual, and lively arts.
a.Carlo Gesualdo
b.Claudio Monteverdi
c.Johann Sebastian Bach
d.George Frideric Handel
Monteverdi’s “Tu se’ Morta” is an example of a(n) ____ from the opera Orfeo.
a.aria
b.chorus
c.overture
d.recitative
The first public opera house opened in ___, Italy, in 1637
a.Rome
b.Milan
c.Venice
d.Florence
The term ____ is Italian for “beautiful singing”
a.con brio
b.bel canto
c.non troppo
d.cantus firmus
All of the following are characteristics of late Baroque, bel canto opera except:
a.interest in the beauty of the singing voice
b.emphasis on dazzling vocal performance
c.close attention to the recitatives and the dramatic integrity of the story.
d.The tendency of singers to take liberties with melody lines
Another name for a virtuoso female singer is a:
a.primordio
b.primavera
c.prima donna
d.primaticcio
By the late 1720s, audiences were tiring of the highly stylized Baroque opera, so a new dramatic form, the ____ opera, became popular in England.
a.madrigal
b.comical
c.serious
d.ballad
In 1728, English poet and playwright ____ wrote the Beggar’s Opera, ridiculing some of the more obvious limitations of a Baroque opera.
a.Robert Gray
b.Howard Jay
c.Philip May
d.John Gay
The epitome of the Baroque composer, _____, was born in Germany, spent time in Italy, and eventually became a British citizen.
a.George Frideric Handel
b.Johann Sebastian Bach
c.Jean-Philippe Rameau
d.Francois Couperin
Although the oratorio shares many characteristics with the opera, its most important difference is its:
a.popular orientation
b.emphasis on vocal drama
c.religious subject matter
d.use of elaborate arias
The world’s best-known and best-loved oratorio is Handel’s:
a.Water Music
b.Fireworks Music
c.Rodrigo
d.Messiah
The date of _____ death (1705) is generally accepted as the end of the Baroque period.
a.George Frideric Handel
b.Johann Sebastian Bach
c.Jean-Philippe Rameau’s
d.Francois Couperin’s
Johann Sebastian Bach wrote two large choral works called ____, oratories based upon the events leading up to the crucification of Christ:
a.Cantations
b.Orations
c.Passions
d.Masses
Bach wrote nearly 200 dramatic religious vocal works called ____, which are short oratorios.
a.sonatas
b.cantatas
c.toccatas
d.oratorios
The term cantata originally meant a piece to be:
a.sung
b.played
c.sounded
d.preformed
All of the following were characteristic of Baroque music except:
a.Renaissance forms continued to be used
b.A number of new instrumental forms and styles appeared
c.Keyboard music increased in variety and in quantity
d.The lute continued to increase in popularity and importance.
During the Baroque era, the ____ replaced the lute in popularity, and many lute pieces were played on this instrument instead.
a.organ
b.virginal
c.clavichord
d.harpsichord
The ____ had the ability to produce a variety of timbres, dynamic levels, and pitches, making it suitable for the Baroque taste for drama and contrast.
a.organ
b.virginal
c.clavichord
d.harpsichoid
A distinctive feature of Baroque music was the abrupt change of dynamic levels called ____.
a. terraced
b. increased
c. decreased
d. graduated
The organist was able to achieve terraced dynamics and various sonorities by using any of the following methods except:
a.changing stops
b.moving from one keyboard to another
c.adding or subtracting the number of voices
d.covering the pipes with dampers
The ____ is an imitative polyphonic composition with three to five lines or “voices”
a.canon
b.fugue
c.round
d.catch
The fugue entrances alternate between the tonic and dominant keys, with those in the dominant called the:
a.subject
b.countersubject
c.answer
d.counteranswer
The opening section of a fugue, in which the subject entrances are stated, is called the:
a.restatement
b.working out
c.exposition
d.episode
A ____ is a relatively short keyboard piece which may be an independent composition or an introduction to another piece or set of pieces.
a. prelude
b. interlude
c. postlude
d. midlude
One of Bach’s greatest legacies was a set of two volumes of twenty-four preludes and fugues called ____, which included one prelude and fugue in each major and minor key.
a. Well-tempered Clavier
The German word clavier is a general term for:
b.keyboard
A religios keyboard composition based upon the melody of a Lutheran chorale is a chorale:
b. prelude
A ____, or "touch piece" is a showy keyboard piece that exploits the technmical brilliance or virtuosity of the preformer.
a. toccata
The toccata was frequently followed in preformance by a(n)
d, fugue
a favorite melodic device of the Baroque period was the use of ____, the repition of a melodic phrase at different levels of pitch.
b. sequence
The short sets of stylized dance pieces for lute or keyboard popular during the Renaissance were expandedin the Baroque to multimovement works consisisting of several dance pieces, called:
a. suites