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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Musicians date the Baroque period from about _____ to about ____.
1600 to 1750
(T/F) The term baroque means distorted or irregular.
TRUE
Eighteenth-century artists described seventeenth-century art as "baroque" because they found it to be
strange and impassioned.
All of the following ideas are characteristic of the Baroque period except
-vivid contrasts and contradictions.
-affirmation of both sides of almost any question.
X lack of interest in religion.
-an increase in the importance of secular life.
All of the following occurred during the seventeenth century except
-the opening of the first public opera house.
- the presentation of the first public concerts.
X the increasing reliance of Baroque composers upon a small, aristocratic audience to accept their works.
-the increasing trend among composers to seek public approval.
Handel's career as an opera composer made him more dependent on
the support of the public.
(T/F) The quality and quantity of Bach's secular concertos, suites, toccatas, and fugues reflect the increasing importance of secular music in the Baroque period.
TRUE
(T/F) During the seventeenth century, there were great strides made in scientific research, yet superstition was rampant and the belief in witchcraft, alchemy, and astrology firm.
TRUE
(T/F) The long and terrible religious wars of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries left central Europe largely Protestant and the northern countries largely Roman Catholic.
FALSE
(T/F) In England, the Anglican church harassed the Puritans, who fled to Holland and then sailed to the New World in 1620 to become America's Pilgrims.
TRUE
The first book printed in America (in 1640) was a psalter, the
Bay Psalm Book
The great artist Michelangelo died in 1564 on the same day that the scientific man of reason, ______________, was born.
Galileo
(T/F) Galileo's father was an influential member of the Florentine Camerata.
TRUE
Galileo's discoveries about the solar system
-contradicted the teaching of the Roman Catholic church.
-aroused the attention of the Inquisition.
-were rejected by Galileo himself under the threat of torture.
ALL OF THE ABOVE
On the day in 1642 when the Italian Galileo died, _______________ was born.
Isaac Newton
Like Galileo, Newton was fascinated with all of the following except
-the relationship between the planets and stars.
- the effects of gravity.
- studies of the pendulum, which led to methods of measuring time in music.
X the invention of the metronome in 1816.
The art of the Baroque is filled with each of the following except
-tension.
-drive.
X peace.
-drama.
All of the following are characteristics of Baroque art except
- the direction of the viewer's eye is often directed off the canvas.
-sculpted figures are seething with tension and strain.
X buildings project a sense of repose and stability.
-elaborate and complex decorative ornamentation.
Seventeenth-century painters shared with contemporary scientists a fascination with the properties and effects of
light.
The following are all famous Baroque artists except
- Hals.
- Rubens.
-Vermeer.
X Moliere.
(T/F) Although the Church, the courts, and the city-state governments remained their primary employers, Baroque composers resisted submission to the taste and will of their patrons.
TRUE
Baroque musical style was affected by each of the following except
-secular music becoming as important as sacred.
-as many fine instrumental compositions as vocal pieces.
X homophonic texture becoming more important than polyphony.
-contrasts of timbre, alternation of free and metered rhythms, and abrupt changes of dynamic levels.
All of the following were Baroque-era multimovement works except
-the dance suite.
X the fugue.
-the concerto.
- the sonata.
(T/F) According to the doctrine of affections, only one mood was to be expressed within one composition or within one movement of a multimovement work.
TRUE
(T/F) During the Baroque period, the Renaissance style of four or more melodic lines was replaced by the preference for a melody in the highest voice or voices, supported by a strong bass line, with the disposition of the inner voices left largely to improvisation.
TRUE
During the Baroque period, composers developed the ___________ system, in which every note of the major or minor scale bears a specific relationship to every other note.
TONAL
In the Baroque system of tonality, all of the pitches of a major or minor scale were specifically related to the first note of the scale, or the
TONIC
(T/F) The increasing use of the triad, built upon all the degrees of the scale, gave a sense of stability and harmonic direction to tonal music not inherent in modality.
TRUE
The term, originally meaning irreguar, now applies to the dramatic, emotional style of seventeenth-and early eighteenth-century art
Baroque
Section of a complete work that has its own formal design and a degree of independence but is conceived as a part of the whole; usually separated from other movements by a pause
movement
System of harmony based on the major and the minor scales
tonal