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25 Cards in this Set

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What is the parasitic form of Coccidioides immitis? What is the saprophytic form?
Parasitic: Spherulin
Saprophytic: Arthroconidium
Which of the fungal infections are opportunists?
Zygomycosis
Candidiasis
Cryptococcosis
Aspergilliasis
What causes Rose Gardeners Disease?
Sporothrix schenckii
You isolate pigmented cigar shaped yeast from a pt, what infection do you suspect the pt has?
Sporotrichosis
Which of the fungal infections is acquired primarily through implantation?
Sporotrichosis
Which fungal infection's hallmark effect is skin and lymphatic system?
Sporotrichosis
What unique drug is used to treated sporothrix infection?
KI
What infection is spread by contact and is treated by Tolnaftate, Griseolfulvin, and Sporanox?
Dermatophytosis
What is the parasitic form of microsporum, trichophyton, and epidermophyton? What infections do they cause?
Parasitic for is conidia and the infections are call tinea (dermatophytosis)
What fungal infection can be found around the upper mississippi river valley?
Histoplasmosis
What fungus is characterized by large, aseptate hyphae and sporangiospores?
Zygomycosis
What two fungal infections are largely asymptomatic?
Dermatophytosis
Histoplasmosis
What fungus forms microaleurispore?
Histoplasma
What fungus is identified by the formations of tuberculate chlamydospores?
Histoplasma
What is unique about the structure of candidia?
pseudohyphae: looks like true hyphae because its branched, but its just connected yeast.
Appearance of germ tubes can be used to determine what type of infection?
Candida albicans
What fungus forms broad based budding yeast?
Blastomyces
Where is blastomyces found?
SE US
What is the parasitic form of cryptococcus? Saprophytic?
Not dimorphic. Blastospore
Why is prophylactic fluconazole given to AIDS patients?
To prevent cryptococcus infections
What two fungal infection are associated with birds?
Histoplasmosis
Cryptococcosis
What infection was initially found only amoung spelunkers? Why?
Histoplasmosis
Because its found in bat poop
What is unique about the appearance of aspergilli hyphae?
Skinny branches.
Which fungi are not dimorphic? Which are? Which one is weird?
NOT: Zygomycoses, the dermatophytes, crypto and aspergilli.

Dimorphic: Coccidioides, sporothrix, Histoplasma, blastomyces.

Weird: Candida (pseudohyphae branching yeast thing)
What fungus is not acquired from soil?
Candida