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57 Cards in this Set

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SSRIs increases availability of serotonin

what are some side effects?
agitation
anxiety
sleep disturbances
tremors
sexual dysfunction
SSRIs cause what electrolyte imbalance
hyponatremia
SSRI's adverse effect is serotinin syndrome. CM:
abdominal pan
diarrhea
tachycardia
hypertension
muscle spasms

-can be caused when taken with an MAOI so discontinue all SSRIS for 2-5 wks before starting an MAOI
citalopram (celexa)
ssri
Escitalopram (lexapo)
ssri
SSRIs increases availability of serotonin

what are some side effects?
agitation
anxiety
sleep disturbances
tremors
sexual dysfunction
SSRIs cause what electrolyte imbalance
hyponatremia
SSRI's adverse effect is serotinin syndrome. CM:
abdominal pan
diarrhea
tachycardia
hypertension
muscle spasms

-can be caused when taken with an MAOI so discontinue all SSRIS for 2-5 wks before starting an MAOI
citalopram (celexa)
ssri
Escitalopram (lexapo)
ssri
SSRIs increases availability of serotonin

what are some side effects?
agitation
anxiety
sleep disturbances
tremors
sexual dysfunction
SSRIs increases availability of serotonin

what are some side effects?
agitation
anxiety
sleep disturbances
tremors
sexual dysfunction
SSRIs cause what electrolyte imbalance
hyponatremia
SSRIs cause what electrolyte imbalance
hyponatremia
SSRI's adverse effect is serotinin syndrome. CM:
abdominal pan
diarrhea
tachycardia
hypertension
muscle spasms

-can be caused when taken with an MAOI so discontinue all SSRIS for 2-5 wks before starting an MAOI
SSRI's adverse effect is serotinin syndrome. CM:
abdominal pan
diarrhea
tachycardia
hypertension
muscle spasms

-can be caused when taken with an MAOI so discontinue all SSRIS for 2-5 wks before starting an MAOI
citalopram (celexa)
ssri
citalopram (celexa)
ssri
Escitalopram (lexapo)
ssri
Escitalopram (lexapo)
ssri
fluoxetine (prozac)
ssri
Paroxetine (paxil)
ssri
sertraline (zoloft)
ssri
TCAs increase amount of norepinephrine and serotinin

common side effects:
anticholinergic actions like
-dry mouth
-blurred vision
-constipation
-urinary retention

pt's who experience constipation and urinary retention need to seek medical attention
TCA
when should they take this pill? morning or night
it is sedating, so give it at night.
TCA
-significant toxic effect is what
cardiovascular related
-dysrhythmias
-tachycardia
-MI
-heart block
before beginning on a TCA, what does the patient need to have done?

contraindicated in:
cardiac work up

MAOIs, MIs, cardiac problems, narrow angle glaucoma
amitriptyline (elavil)
TCAs
clomipramine (anafranil)
TCAs
desipramine (norpramin)
TCAs
imipramine (tofranil)
TCAs
Nortriptyline
TCAs
"pramine"
TCA
"triptyline"
TCA
MAOI's, when tyramine is increased, what occurs:
high BP
hypertensive crisis
CVA occurs
MAOI's what is important for the patient to monitor while taking these drugs?
routine monitoring of blood pressure
phenelzine (nardil)
MAOIs
atypical antipsychotics improve positive and negative symptoms
-what is the benefit of these
they produce minimal to no side effects of EPS or tardive dyskinesia
-metabolic syndrome is a SE of this class
atypical antipsychotics

dyslipidemia and altered blood glucose
abilify
atypical antipsychotics
clozapine (clozaril)
atypical antipsychotics
seroquel
atypical antipsychotics
risperidone (risperdal)
atypical antipsychotics
geodon
atypical antipsychotics
clozapine (clozaril) is under what class of drugs:

significant side effects:
atypical antipsychotics
-agranulocytosis (sore throat, fever, mouth sores, malaise) need to have WBC drawn weekly
-seizures
"azine"
conventional antipsychotics
"haldol"
conventional antipsychotics
what type of antipsychotics cause anticholinergic effects?
conventional antipsythocis
"azine"
"haldol"
chlorpromazine (thorazine)
conventional antipsychotics

very sedating and causes significant hypotension
thioridazine (mellaril)
conventional antipsychotics
trifluoperazine
conventional antipsychotics
Haldol
conventional antipsychotics
conventional antipsychotics

side effects:
sexual disturbance
halactorrhea
drooling
tardive dyskinesia (contractions of tongue, fingers, toes, neck, trunk, pelvis)
antipsychotics can cause an anticholinergic toxicity:
dry mucous membranes
reduces or absent peristalsis
hyperthermia
tachycardia
dilated, nonreactive pupils
hot dry skin
anticholinergic SE occur with ______________ antipsychotics
-urinary retention
-dry mouth
-constipation
-blurred vision
-dilated pupils
conventional
neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) occurs from acute reduction of dopamine and is seen with both types of antipsychotics.
-what is it characterized by:
decreased LOC
increased muscle tone (muscle rigidity)
autonomic dysreflexia (fever over 103, hypertension, tachycardia, tachypenia, diaphoresis, drooling)
antipsychotics cause what 2 other SE:
agranulocytosis and liver impairment