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155 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the name of the ancient green physician who lived about 400 bc and is known as the father of medicine.
Hippocrates
The most common symbol of the medical profession which is represented by 2 serpents is called?
Caduceus
when using a microscope with 10X Ocular and the 40X objective in place the total magnification is
400X
the term microscopic refers to which of the following
Condition in which objects look larger than they are.
when performing a microscopic urinalysis, red and whiteblood cells are reported per
HPF
macroscopic examination of urine consist of?
Observing the color and character
the PH of urine samples is checking to determine
acidity of alkalinity
which of the following would be most suitable for urine specimen culturing to determine pregnancy
first morning urination
the term postrandial refers to
following a meal
upon microscopic examination of urine, a urainary track infection would be indicated by presence of numerous
white blood cells
then preforming a routine phlebotomy the most common gauge needle is
22
when preforming a finger puncture the first drop of blood should be
wiped away.
the packed red blood cell volume is determined by performing an
hematocrit test
Hayems solution is used in the determination of
white blood cells per CU.MM of whole blood
The liquid portion of whole blood after the blood has been allowed to clot and the solid and liquid portions have been separated is called
serum
when performing a red blood count, the numbers of cells counted is multiplied by
10,000
when performing a manual white blood cell count, the diluted samples is placed in a hemacytometer and counted
using the 10X objective
when doing a differential white blood cell count the total number of cells counted are
100
when using a standard white blood cell piptte for determining a white blood cell count the blood is drawn to a 0.5 mark and the diluting fluid is then drawn to the
1.0 mark
when collecting specimens for a blood cell count, you would use a tube that contains
an anticoagulant
when performing a differential white blood count a basiphil will be recognized by
large blue to purple staining granules.
the white blood cell most often seen when performing a differential is
Lymphocyte
when a venipuncture is performed using a lavender top vacutainer tube, the sample
is used for hematology testing and does not clot because an anticoagulant has been mixed.
microscopically, and organism determined to be staphylococcus appears
round and grouped in clusters
the agar used most often for throat culture is
blood agar
rod shaped bacteria is
bacilli
gram staining is done to determine
whether a bacteria is positive or negative
an example of anisocytosis is
microcyte
an example of poikilocytosis is
sickle cell
a papanicolaou smear is used to detect
cervical cancer
histologist is one who studies.
microscopic tissue
the largest white blood cells are the
monocytes
the universal donor is type
O
cellular elements in the blood white are important in coagulation are called
prothrombin
GTT is a tester for
sugar metabolism
all cells contain a gelatinous substance composed of water, protein, sugar, acids, fats and various minerals. this substance is called
membrane
testing for Mononucleosis can be performed on
saliva
a lipid profile includes testing for
cholesterol
if the label on a multi-dose vial of medication reads 80mg per cc and you were to prepare a 20 mg injection how much would you draw up
0.25cc
large amounts of injectable medication, at least 2ml or more are given
intravenously
a medical assistant may give an injection
only on the orders of a physician
an injection into the tissue between the skin and the muscle is called
subcutaneous
intradermal injections are usually given
for allergy testing
another term for subcutaneous injection is
hypodermic
the method of injection that has the slowest absorption rate is
intradermal
an injection given at a 45 angel is
subcutaneous
a z-track injection is a ________ injection given in the muscle of the buttocks
intramuscular
the most common position for a chest xray is
PA and Lateral
a film is allowed to remain in the fixed solution for
twice as long as the developing time
a cervical xray is taken of the
neck region
doses of radiation are measured in
Rads, rems or roentgens
when running a standard calibration ECG the complexes are
10mm
on a normal ECG tracing, the first wave to show a downward deflection is a
Q wave
for recording lead V1 the chest electrode is placed where.
forth intercostal space, right sternal margin
the purpose of applying paste or jelly when running an ECG is to reduce
Skin Resistance
the most common method of marking the ECG is with.
dots and dashes in a predetermined pattern
the proper marking for V3 is
3 dots
an electrocardiograph is is
a device to monitor electrical heart activity.
the SA node is also called
pacemaker
sensors used for lead 3 are placed
left arm and left leg
what wave form would not be seen in a normal ECG
V-wave
medocosonlator is indicated for
tortcollis
A technique that emplys high frequency, inaudible sound wave which bounces of tissue and then recorded is called
sonogram or echogram
a diagnostic technique which detects regions of heat and cold in the body is called
thermography
a branch of medicine that uses radionuclides in the diagnosis and treatment of disease is
nuclear
what is the diagnostic test called when needles are inserted in sekected skeletal muscles, then the muscles contract the nerve impluses are recorded and conduction time is measured to detect disorders or nerve damage
electromyography
one who studies diseases is
pathologist
physiology is the
study of the function of living organisms
hypertension is also refereed to as
high blood pressure
inflammation of the joint or bone is refered to as
osteoarthritis
active immunity will be produced
when antigens or microorganisms are injected into a patient
a chronic disease
may have a slow onset and last for years
excessive tissue formation is refereed to as
hyperplasia
a malignant tumor is refered to as
carcinoma
a myoma is
tumor of the muscle
metastasis refers to
growth of cancer cells from one tissue to another
cancer of a malignant tumor are refered to as
sarcoma/carcinoma
metaplasia refers to
change in tissue
a tumor that is found in the retina and the brain and grows from connective tissue of the nerve centers is called
glioma
a tumor that is non progressive and not life threatening is considered
benign
prednisone is a drug used in the treatment of
inflammation
drugs used in preventing the clotting of blood is
anticoagulants
a chemical substance that kills living microorganisms are
antibiotic
an agent that affects blood pressure by increasing the flow of urin and thus reducing the volume of fluid in the body is called
diuretic
an agent given to counter act an unwanted effect of a drug is called
antidote
a mild hypnotic drug that is relaxing but doesnt necessarily produce sleep is called
sedative
an agent which excites or promotes functional activity is called
stimulant
a medication used to relieve pain is called
analgestic
a substance to stop nausea or vomiting is called
antiemetic
under the controlled substance act, those drugs haveing the highest potential for abuse such as cocaine and marijuana are under schedule
1
under the controlled substance act, over the counter drugs would be under what schedule
V
under the controlled substance act, how many schedule are there
5
the median or sagital plane divides the body into
left and right
a congenital anemia occurring primarily among blacks is
sickle cell
anterior
is the front of the body
intercostal refers to
between the ribs
the opposite of medial is
lateral
a patient in prone position is
lying face down
a patient lying in the supine position is
laying flat on their back with palms up.
in the anatomical position the patient is
stands erect with the palmsturned anterior
the lithotomy position is used when a patient
is having a vaginal exam
the opposite of superficial is
deep
the opposite of distal is
proximal
lying on the stomach is referred to as
prone position
transverse refers to
horizontal
the pituitary gland
is considered to be the master gland
the isles of langerhans
produces insulin
the urinary system is composed of
kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra
the number of muscles in the human body is
600
an inflamed condition of the tendon and tendon muscle is
tendonitits
the most important muscle to aid in breathing is
diaphram
the main upper chest muscle is
trapezius
the bat shaped bone that extends behind the eyes and forms part of the base of the skull is called
sphenoid bone
a bone that is partially bent and partially broken is referred to as
greenstick
the largest gland in the human body is
liver
the smallest sac attached to the underside of the liver and stores bile is called
gallbladder
insulin is secreted into the bloodstream by what organ
pancreaus
the air sacs in the lungs in which the exchange of gasses take place are called
alveoli
the serous membrane which lines the abdominal wall are called
peritoneum
the group of glands that secrete substances directly into the bloodstream are called
the endocrine system.
the master gland of the human body is
pituitary
gestation is
280 days
the act of giving birth is
parturition
a woman in labor is referred to as
parturient
for the first 2 months the unborn child is referred to as
embryo
the number of bones in the body is
206
the longest bone in the body is
femur
an osteoblast
is a cell of mesodermal organ which is concerned with the formation
the most common place to take a pulse is at the
radial artery
a patient with rapid pulse has
tachycardia
the first sound heard when taking the blood pressure is
systolic pressure
a counting chamber utilized in manual microscopic methods is called
hemacytometer
if a corotid pulse was taken, it would be taken at the
neck.
ascultation is done bu using a
stethoscope
a hemostatic forcep
clamps off small vessels and bleeders
inflammation of the renal pelvis is referred to as
pyelonephritis
leukemia is
a blood condition involving white cells
tissues are composed of
cells
pathology is
the study of diseases
conducting away is referred to as
efferent
incision into the chest wall is referred to as
thoracotomy
bradycardia is referred to as
slow heart rate
a term meaning to cut into the tube from the kidney to the bladder is
ureterotomy
neoplasm refers to
new growth
iron containing pigment is referred to as
hemoglobin
afferent refers to as
conducting toward
atriomegaly refers to
enlargement of the atrium of the heart
the instrument used to set up a sterile field is the
transfer forceps
an instrument to cut is referred to as
tome
a tray for pelvic exam normally includes
lubricant, speculum, gloves
the instrument to view the eye is an
ophthalmoscope
hemostats are a type of
forceps
neurons that carry impulses toward the brain or spinal cord are
afferent neurons
the function of the veins is to
carry deoxygenated blood to the heart
the smallest blood vessel is the
capillary