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24 Cards in this Set

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Spurling Test (compression)
from behind, sidebends C spine toward side being tested and pushesh down on top of pt's head
- (+) if pain radiates down ipsilateral arm
Wallenberg's Test
-tests for vertebral artery insufficiency
- patient supine; flex neck, hold for ten second, extend neck for ten seconds, rotate R and L each for ten seconds;
- (+) if patient complains of dizziness, visual changes, lightheadedness, or nystagmus
Underberg's Test
-tests vertebral artery insufficiency
- neck backward bend and head fully rotated to either side
Adson's Test
-monitor pt pulse, extend arm at elbow, extend shoulder, externally rotated, slightly abducted; pt told to take a deep breath and turn his/her head toward ipsilateral arm
(+) when radial pulse is absent/diminished
Wright's Test
TOS
- tests for compression b/w pec minor at coracoid
- hyperabducting arm above the head with some extension
- (+) with severely decreased or absent radial pulse
Costoclavicular syndrome test (Military/Halsted)
TOS
-entrapment b/w clavicle and 1st rib
- depressing and extending the shoulder
-(+) w/ decreased/absent pulse
Apley's scratch test
evaluates ROM at shoulder
- abduction and ER: reach behind head and touch opp shoulder
- IR and adduction: reach in front of head and touch opp shoulder
- further IR and adduction: reach behind back and touch inferior angle of opp scapula
Drop-arm test
-detects rotator cuff tears
- abduct shoulder to 90 degrees, slowly lower arm
(+) if pt cannot lower the arm smoothly or if drops to side from 90
Speed's test
- biceps tendon in bicipital groove
- pt fully extends elbow, flexes the shoulder, supinates the forearm: physician resists flexion
Yergason's Test
-stability of biceps tendon in bicipital groove
- flexes elbow to 90- physician externally rotates forarm while patients resists
Finkelstein Test
for tenosynovitis in abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons at the wrist
-DeQuervin's disease
- patient makes a fist with the thumb tucked inside and deviates wrist ulnarly
Phalen's Test
Dx of CTS
- maximally flexes the patients wrist and holds this position for one minute
- if tingling sensation is felt it is positive
Prayer's Test
reverse Phalens
Tinel's Test
CTS
- taps volar aspect of patients transverse carpal ligament: (+) if tingles
Hip-drop test
assess sidebending ability of lumbar spine and thoracolumbar junction
-normally when lifting up a leg the lumbar spine should sidebend toward the side contralateral to the bending knee, producing a smooth convexity in the lumbar spine on the ipsilateral side
- ipsilateral iliac crest should not drop more than 20-25 degrees
(+) anything less than a smooth convexity
Ober's test
detects a tight tensor fascia lata and IT band
- lies on side opposite the IT band being tested
- physician stands behind patient and flexes the knee on the side being tested to 90 degrees, abducts the hip as far as possible, and slightly extends the hip then lets leg fall to table
- test (+) if the thigh remains in the abducted position cause the IT is tight
Patrick's Test (FABERE)
assess pathology of SI and hip joint (esp osteoarthritis)
- Flexion, ABduction, ExternalRotation, Extension
- pt put in figure 4 position
-physician puts pressure on contralateral ASIS and ipsilateral knee; pressure downward on both hands
Thomas Test
-assesses possibility of flexion contracture of the hip, usually iliopsoas origin
- pt lies supine and physican flexes on hip so knee touches abdomen
-looks for rise of opposite leg (iliopsoas contracture)
Apley's Compression and Distraction
evaluate the meniscus and ligamentous structures of the knee
-pt lies prone and knee flexed to 90
- compression straight down on heel, internally and externally rotate tibia (pain= meniscal tear)
- pulls up, int and ext rotate (pain= medial and/or lateral ligaments)
Lachman's Test
-assesses stability of ACL (more accurate than Draw)
-pt supine; physician grasps proximal tibia and distal femur with other hand
- knee flexed to 30 degrees
- tibia fulled forward
McMurray's Test
-detects tears in posterior aspect of menisci
-to test medial meniscus, patient's knee is fully flexed- physicians fingers palpate medial knee joint line
- tibia is externally rotated with valgus stress on knee
- maintain this then slowly extend knee
Patellar Grind Test
-assesses posterior articular surfaces of the patella and possibility of chondromalacia, seen with patello-femoral syndrome
- pt lies supine with knees fully extended and relaxed
-pushes patella distally, then instructs pt to tighten quads
valgus and varus stress test
-assess stability of collateral ligaments
- pt supine or sitting, knee flexed just enough to unlock it from full extension
-pushing knee medial (with a Lateral force) is the vaLgus stress test
Anterior draw test of the ankle
asses medial and lateral ligaments of angle--> mostly anterior talofibular ligament (also superficial and deep deltoid ligaments)