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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(prone—knee flex)
Hip on same side will flex—tight rectus femoris or hip flexion contracture
Ely’s test
Supine, pt knee to chest, affected leg off table forced downward
Pain at SI on that side—SI lesion (ant ligs)
Gaenslen’s test
SI lesions
Pt prone, knee flexed, push leg out (internally rotating hip)
Stresses hip joint and distracts the SI joint
Pain in SI region my indicate SI lesion or sprain of SI ligs
Hibb’s test—
prone, knee flex (heel to buttocks)
Radicular pain—compression/irritation at L2-L4 by intradural lesion
Pain in SI—consider SI joint lesion
Nachlas test
(side-lying—hip abduct—dropped)
Tests TFL and IT band for contracture
Consider if leg does not descend smoothly
Ober’s test
(flex/abduct thighs)
Palpable/audible click—displacement of femoral head
Ortolani click
Flex (force head of femur into acetabular cavity), abduct, ext rotate
Pain indicates inflammatory process in joint
Patrick’s test (FABER)
side-lying, pressure on ilium
Increases pressure on both SI joints
Pain at SI indicates joint lesion
Pelvic rock test
child supine, flex hip and knee, push towards table
Indicate dislocated or potential to dislocate
Telescoping sign
hip contracture (pt brings knee to chest—palpate opposite quad mm)
Significant flexion of opposite knee with tightness on palpation
No tightness on palpation with knee flexion consider anatomical origin
Thomas’ test
“stork test”
Patient can’t stand, or opposite hip falls or fails to raise
Assesses medial gluteal muscle on opposite side, and integrity of hip joint
Trendelenburg test
pt prone, knee flex, then hip extended
Ipsilateral pain—suspect ant SI joint ligs
Yeoman’s test