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21 Cards in this Set

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Ages of Middle Childhood
6 - 11
rate of phys growth in mid childhood vs infancy and early childhood
continues at slow regular pace of early childhood
What body part grows fastest in middle childhood
lower portion of body - legs, feet
ethnic variations in body size
growth norms must be applied cautiously for immigrants and minorities

taller in developped countries
why kids in industrial countries growing faster and larger than ancestors?
improved health and nutrition

not true for poverty/diseased places
Why great flexibility in middle childhood?
bones length and broaden but ligaments not yet firmly attached to bones

inc muscle strength
What is one of the few health prob in mid childhood that inc with fam income and education
myopia - nearsightedness

related to time reading and writing
Effects of malnutrition in mid childhood
retarded phys growth, low IQ, poor motor coordination and inattention

persistent malnutrition = permanent damage
Percentage of obese American kids
17%
Relationship between early malnutrition and childhood obesity
undernourished kids in early years at risk for later excessive weight gain
Percentage of obese/overweight kids that become overweight adults
Over 80%
Factors associated with childhood obesity

FLAB
Fat and sugar products everywhere
Less exercise
Appropriation of food (huge portions)
Busy lives
Biological reasons for bedwetting in middle childhood
Inhereited

failure of muscle inhibition or accumulate too much urine overnight
Most common chronic illness in mid childhood
Asthma

heredity and environmental triggers
Two major causes of injury during mid childhood
Motor vehicle accidents
Bike accidents
Improvements in gross motor skills in mid childhood related to...
4 Motor Capacities:
Balance
Agility
Force
Flexibility

Improved info processing and rxn time
BAFF

IRT
Improved fine motor development seen in what skills in middle childhood?
writing and drawing
Biological factors in gender diff in motor skills in mid childhood
girls better in fine motor, balance and agility - skipping, jumping, hopping

boys - running, throwing, catching, kicking
Environmental factors in gender diff in motor skills in mid childhood
higher expectations for boys athletic performance
Skills learned in child-organized games
perspective taking
understand rules
cooperation
competing
Possible roles served by rough and tumble play
dominance hierarchy

limits aggression in mid childhood