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25 Cards in this Set

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Kim overcomes her fear of flying by watching movies about peaceful plane trips, then talking to friends who fly often, then visiting airports. What treatment technique is she likely using?
systematic desensitization
Kristin conditions her fish to swim to the top of the tank whenever she turns on the light in the fish tank. In this example of classical conditioning, which of the following was most likely the unconditioned stimulus?
fish food
Crystal teases a friend about her pet cat. The friend is hurt and stops speaking to Crystal. If Crystal stops teasing her firend after this experience, what type of conditioning has occurred?
operant conditioning
Matthew is assigned to complete a group project with some classmates. If one of the group memmbers lets Matt and the others do all the work, what social psychology principle is being demonstrated?
social loafing
A conversion disorder is a type of:
somatoform disorder
Which of the following is NOT part of the process of neural firing?
synaptic jump
Sue wakes up in the middle of the night because she suddenly realizes she forgot to feed her friends' dog yesterday while her friends were on vacation. The levels of processing theory would say Sue forgot her commitment because:
she did not think about feeding the dog in an elaborate or complex way
A neurotransmitter manipulated by an antidepressant medicine is most likely to be:
serotonin
A heuristic is used to:
solve a problem
If a person needs more of a psychoactive drug after the first dose in order to get the same effects, he or she has developed:
tolerance
Which of the following brain structures is most involved in hunger?
hypothalamus
The activation-synthesis model states that dreams are:
the cortex's interpretations of brain processes
Which of the following theorists was most concerned with social development?
Erikson
Professor Castelucci designs an experiment to test whether the presence or absence of facial hair in men affects the fear reactions of children. Professor Castelucci gathers a group of children ages two to seven and assigns them randomly to two groups. One group of children is shown pictures of men without beards, and the other group is shown pictures of the same men with beards. The children then fill out a questionnaire designed to measure fear responses.

In the experiment, the presence or absence of facial hair is the:
independent variable
Professor Castelucci designs an experiment to test whether the presence or absence of facial hair in men affects the fear reactions of children. Professor Castelucci gathers a group of children ages two to seven and assigns them randomly to two groups. One group of children is shown pictures of men without beards, and the other group is shown pictures of the same men with beards. The children then fill out a questionnaire designed to measure fear responses.

The score on the fear questionnaire is the:
operational definition of the dependent variable
Which of the following details of an experiment would NOT be required to be adressed by a committee, such as an institutional review board, examining the ethics of proposed psychological research on human participants?
proof of correlational measures
Kent goes to a concert and gets caught up in the center of the dance floor where the entire group is violently dancing and slamming against one another. Soon Kent finds himself participating and slamming into those around him. Kent's behavior is an example of:
deindiviudation
Which of the following scenarios is most linkely an example of classical conditioning?
a person's fear of driving after being involved in an auto accident
If a sleep researcher is examining an EEG readout, which of the following would REM be most similar to?
awake state
Alan's psychiatrist notices that his behavior indicates a manic state. Alan might be diagnosed as bipolar if his behavioral symptoms also include:
at least one episode of major depression
All information coming from our senses (except olfactory sensations) pass through which brain structure?
thalamus
Nadia takes a test to determine if she learned any carpentry skills in the class she just completed. This test is an example of what type of test?
achievement test
Harvinder notices that his heart is racing and then starts to feel anxiety about his date tonight. This description of emotional response fits which of the following theories best?
the James-Lange theory
Tests like the TAT and Rorschach inkblot rely on what psychodynamic concept?
projection
Mark is having a good time watching TV with his friends when he suddenly remembers a conversation he really enjoyed last month but had forgotten up to that moment. Which concept best exmpains his remembering?
mood-congruent memory