Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/25

Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

_____ may occur when a person who is attacked by a fierce dog later develops a fear of all dogs.

Stimulus Generalization

Dr. Cobbs believes that psychological disorders are influenced by genetic predispositions and physiological states. He is also aware that inner psychological dynamics, social dynamics, and culture influence psychological disorders. Dr. Cobbs believes in a:

Biopsychosocial Approach

John is a patient who reports significant anger, hostility, and overall disregard for people. He has been diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder. His personality disorder belongs on which DSM-IV-TR axis?

Axis II

The link between conditioned fear and general anxiety helps explain why anxious people are _____ to possible threats, and how panic-prone people come to associate anxiety with certain cues.

hyperattentive

Fear-learning experiences that traumatize the brain can also create fear circuits within the:

amygdala

The anterior cingulate cortex is especially likely to show elevated activity in people who suffer from:

OCD

Dr. Sorenson meets with a client who displays both psychological problems and problems functioning in her daily life. Which of the five axes of the DSM-IV-TR would Dr. Sorenson use to assess this client's personal functioning?

Axis V

The anterior cingulate cortex is especially likely to show elevated activity in people who suffer from:

obsessive-compulsive disorder

Using _____, researchers have created chronically anxious, ulcer-prone rats by giving them unpredictable electric shocks.

classical conditioning

If you have too much _____, your brain's alarm centers may become overactive.

glutamate

The _____ in the brain monitors our actions and checks for errors.

anterior cingulate cortex

With respect to obsessive-compulsive disorder, obsession is to thought as compulsion is to _____.

action

Upon Roger's admission to the psychiatric unit, Dr. Weaver began her evaluation of him. When she asked why he is here, he responded that "the binary code knows the answer to the riddle that is in the middle on the griddle. Furthermore, I know that the horned head of Zeus rises in the early morning." Roger may have this subtype of schizophrenia.

disorganized

In the context of schizophrenia, perception is to _____ as cognition is to delusion.

hallucination

In the context of schizophrenia, hallucination is to delusion as _____ is to _____.

perception; cognition

_____ is characterized by periods of immobility or excessive, purposeless movement.

catatonia

Manic-depressive disorder is now usually called _____.

bipolar disorder

Owen is a heavy smoker, and for the past three months, he has been severely depressed. Owen's doctor told him that it is likely that he smokes so much because nicotine can temporarily increase levels of _____, a neurotransmitter scarce during depression.

norepinephrine

The _____ perspective has linked the experience of depression with learned helplessness.

social-cognitive

Of the eating disorders described in the text, significant binge eating is associated with _____ and binge-eating disorder.

bulimia nervosa

Angel has been arrested for grand theft auto. He claims that it wasn't him and that he knows nothing about the crime, and that his alter ego must have done it. The court-appointed psychiatrist knows immediately that Angel does NOT suffer from _____ as the host is never co-conscious with the alter egos.

dissociative identity disorder

According to data from the National Institute of Mental Health, _____ is the MOST common anxiety disorder in the U.S.

phobia

Of the eating disorders described in the text, _____ does NOT involve excessive exercise.

binge eating disorder

_____ is a mental disorder most likely to lead to poverty.

Schizophrenia

Bruno has been arrested for grand theft auto. He claims that it wasn't him and that he knows nothing about the crime as his alter ego must have done it. The court-appointed psychiatrist knows immediately that Angel does not suffer from _____ disorder as the host is never co-conscious with the alter egos.

dissociative identity