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26 Cards in this Set

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Freud considered _____ to be the primary motivating force of human behavior.

the unconscious

According to Freud, the ego____.

must balance the needs of the id, superego, and reality

Cookie Monster, one of the characters on the children’s TV show Sesame Street, has an intense urge to consume cookies, even when doing so is irrational and maladaptive. Eating cookies give Cookie Monster a great source of pleasure and satisfaction. Freud would say that his behavior reflects the fact that Cookie Monster is ruled by his _____.

id

Which of the following statements is false?


A. The id operates according to the pleasure principle.


B. The ego operates according to the reality principle.


C. The id and the ego are completely unconscious.


D. The superego is our conscience or internal judge of our behavior

C

According to Freud, the ___ is your conscience, or internal judge of your behavior.

superego

Six-month-old Ian loves to suck on anything hecan get his hands on (e.g., fingers, dolls, blocks, rattles). The fact that Ian receives pleasure and comfort by exploring theworld with his mouth suggests that he is in the _____ stage of psychosexualdevelopment.

Oral

In Freud's view, ___ is the boy's intense desire to replace his father and enjoy the affections of his mother.

Oedipus Complex

What is the correct sequence of Freud's psychosexual stages of development?

Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

According to Freud, penis envy and the Oedipus complex is experienced during which psychological stage of development?

Phallic

According to Jung, the deepest, impersonal layer of the conscious mind that is shared by all humans is call the ___.

collective unconscious

According to Jung, the collective unconscious contains _____.

Archetypes

Adler's view that people are motivated by purpose and goals and that perfection, not pleasure, is thus the key motivator in human life know as ___.

individual psychology

Ethan is short and thin. Although he’s not verystrong or athletic, he excels in academics and has a great sense of humor.According to Adler, Ethan’sattempts to overcome physical weaknesses by developing strengths in other areasare an example of _____.

compensation

Gladys is a therapist who is constantlyreminding her clients that people have a natural capacity for personal growthand positive qualities. Gladys likelyendorses the _____ of personality.

humanistic perspective

According to Rogers, we are all born with a need for ____, or a need to be liked, loved, and accepted by those around us.

unconditional positive regard

A ____ is a generalization about a group's characteristics that does not consider any variations from one individual to another.

stereotype

According to Freud, ___ represents the moral system of our personality because it consists of our conscience and ego ideal.

Superego

The Standford prison experiment provides a dramatic example of how social situations and the roles we take on in life can influence ____.

deindividution

In the DSM-IV, all diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation are assessed on ___.

Axis I

Joshua has received low grades in maththroughout his school years. In the lower grades, he would try to study hard,but the results were always the same. Eventually, he stopped trying to dobetter in math because nothing he tried seemed to work. Joshuahas developed _____.

learned helplessness

Jacqueline has been in relentless pursuit ofthinness for the past six months. She has been starving herself to reach thisgoal. Jacqueline is exhibitingsymptoms of _____.

anorexia nervosa

Individuals who suffer from anorexia nervosa weigh less than ____ of what is considered normal for age and height and refuse to maintain weight at a healthy level.

85 percent

Francine has been suffering from a chronic sore throat, kidney problems, dehydration, gastrointestinal problems, and dental problems. These complications are commonly experienced by individuals who suffer from _____.

bulimia nervosa

____ Involve a sudden loss of memory or change in identity.

dissociative disorders

Dissociative disorders often occur in individuals who also show signs of ___.

post-traumatic stress disorder

What is considered a negative symptom of Schizophrenia?

flat affect