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44 Cards in this Set

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What does Martin Seligman say is the maindifferences between Sister Cecilia and Sister Marguerite’s autobiographies?

-Sister Cecilia used words like “happy” and “joy” to describe how she felt while Sister Marguerite didn’t describe her emotions at all.

What does John Haidt call the opposite of moraldisgust?

-Elevation

Vaillant has uncovered the best predictors ofsuccessful aging. What are the few that are listed?

-Income, physical health, and joy in living.

What are the three ‘S variables’?

-Your genetic steersman, the hedonic treadmill, and your set range.

1. What is a core dump?

-When people memorize information for a test but forget it when the test is over.

1. What are four positive things that areassociated with intrinsic motivation?

-Richer experience, better conceptual understanding, greater creativity, and improved problem solving.

What is the second problem that occurs with theuse of rewards?

-Once people are oriented toward rewards, they will all too likely take the shortest or quickest path to get to them.

1. What does it mean for a reward to be equitable?

-When people feel that their rewards are commensurate with their contributions and are equitable to what other people around them are earning.

Deci states that “if people do not believe______________________ they will not be motivated”.

-That their behavior will lead to something they desire

What point did Deci’s work highlight as “thebasis for hope”?

-That instrumentalities do not have to be used to control.

What are mentioned as the “rewards” linked tointrinsic motivation?

-The feelings of enjoyment and accomplishment that accrue spontaneously as a person engages freely in the target activities.

What were boys were expected to ­focus on in themid 1970s as opposed to girls?

-Success

1. What does autonomy fuel?

Growth and Health

1. What are the three characteristics shared bypsychoanalytic and humanistic perspectives?

-They both understand human behavior in terms of motivational and emotional dynamics, both focus on promoting awareness as the basis for change, and both build theory using observations and direct experience.
What does Deci say about people treated as “passive mechanisms or barbarians needing to be controlled”?
-As people are treated as if they act this way, they will begin to act more and more that way.

How can we know when our actions are self-initiated or self-endorsed action?

-We can know when we are interested, engaged and alive.

Dependence can coexist with what two things?

-Autonomy or control

1. Whatare the two powerful forces that can push us away from happiness?

1) Our brain’s hardwiring 2) The distracting nature of contemporary life
2. How many times will the average 18-year-old move in her or her lifetime?
-9
3. What does research show is the biggest deterrent to physical activity for some people?
-Perceived danger
4. What does the text say are traits involved in a job that challenges us to an optimal level?
-It’s neither too hard nor too easy, it engages our natural talents and gives us constant feedback.
5. How much does each additional happy friend and unhappy friend we have in our social circle boost our cheeriness?
-A happy friend boost our cheeriness by nine percent while an unhappy friend drags it down by seven percent.
6. What does Ed Diener say is the key to greater well-being?
-To have money but not to want it too much.
7. What two things does the text say about pet owners’ health?
-Pet owners have lower blood pressure and fewer stress hormones in their blood.
8. What are the consequences that are quoted from the connection between hopefulness and financial literacy?
-The kids come up with more ideas about how to make money, become more pragmatic when using money and are more creative in saving money.

1. Martin Seligman is sighted as teaching a singlehappiness-enhancing strategy to a group of severely depressed people. What didthis exercise involve?

-The exercise involved recalling and writing down three good things that happened every day.
2. What makes set points determinable?
-Each of us is born with a particular happiness set point that originates from our biological mother or father or both, a baseline or potential for happiness to which we are bound to return.
3. Lyubomirsky says that happy people still have their share of trials, but they have a secret weapon, what is it?
-The poise and strength they show in coping with the face of challenge.
4. What did the kind of Bhutan decide was the best way to foster economic development?
-To boost his nation’s gross domestic happiness instead of the gross domestic production.
HoHoWhat does Lyubomirsky say she means when she uses the term happiness? (Page 32)
-She refers to joy, contentment or positive well-being, combined with a sense that one’s life is good, meaningful, and worthwhile.
2. What happiness score do college students usually get?
-A bit below 5 3.
What was the reported satisfaction with life of Americans in 1940?
“Very happy” or a score of 7.5 out of 10 4.
How does the author answer the question ‘Why do life changes account for so little’? .
Because of hedonic adaptation
What does the author say is a better clue to your happiness, the average happiness of your identical twin or all the facts and events of your life?
-The average happiness of your identical twin 6.
What is the procedure that Richard Davidson uses to measure a person’s brain activity?
-Electroencephalography
7. How does the author say the fountain of happiness can be found, in a nutshell?
-In how you behave, what you think, and what goals you set every day of your life.

1. According to Seligman, what was the “grandmistake” of Authentic Happiness.

-Monism, in which all human motives come down to just one.

In Flourish, what are the changes in theory, topic, measure and goal that Seligman has made to positive psychology?

-Theory: Changed from having three aspects (positive emotion, meaning, and engagement) to having five (positive emotion, engagement, relationships, meaning, and achievement). -Topic: changed from happiness to well-being -Measure: Changed from life satisfaction to positive emotion, engagement, meaning, positive relationships, and accomplishment. -Goal: changed from increase life satisfaction to increase flourishing by increasing positive emotion, engagement, meaning, positive relationship, and accomplishment.
3. What are the three inadequacies of Authentic Happiness Theory?
1) The dominant popular connotation of “happiness” is inextricably bound up with being in a cheerful mood. 2) Life satisfaction holds too privileged a place in the measurement of happiness. 3) Positive emotion, engagement and meaning do not exhaust the elements that people choose for their own sake.
4. In Well Being Theory, happiness is a construct or a “real thing”?
-a real thing
5. What are the five elements of well-being?
-Positive emotion, engagement, meaning, positive relationships, and accomplishment.
6. Seligman was influenced to include accomplishment in this theory because of a formative article published in 1959. Who was the author and the title?
-“Motivation Reconsidered: The Concept of Conpetence” by Robert White
7. Nick Humphrey has suggested that the reason for evolutionary brain growth from 600cc to 1200cc would help solve what kinds of problems?
-Social problems
8. Twenty-four strengths and virtues underpin all five elements not just engagement as:
-Deploying your highest strengths leads to more positive emotion, more meaning, more accomplishment, and to better relation ships.