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24 Cards in this Set

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Why is it important for DOD personnel to be licensed within Japan?

The operation of privately owned vehicles (POV) within Japan is considered a privilege agreed between U.S. Forces Japan and the Japanese Provincial Government.

On which side of the road does one drive in Japan?

A primary traffic rule throughout Japan dictates all vehicles (motorized or pedaled)remain to the far left side of the roadway where road conditions permit.

Whenever a sidewalk is separated from the roadway, vehicles must travel on theroadway. However, a vehicle may cross a sidewalk when this is the only way to enter orexit a business, private residence, or similar location. Who has the right of way in this case?

Pedestrians on sidewalks andcrosswalks have the right of way at all times.

What are the stopping procedures requirements when meeting a bus (school bus, The Green Line)on any installation? (i.e. What lanes stop, and under what conditions?)

When a bus stops, do NOT proceed. All vehicles, in both directions must immediately stop until the bus moves or the bus driver signals vehicles to proceed.

As a "Common Rule of the Road", what is the policy on seat belt usage both on and off base?

Seat belts shall be worn (on/off base) by all personnel when a motor vehicle is inoperation.

You come to a pedestrian cross walk with no traffic light or stop sign. There is a pedestrian standing on the sidewalk clearly intending to cross the street. What do you do? What is the policy regarding uncontrolled intersections like this one?

Vehicles must come to a complete stop at allstop lines at pedestrian crosswalks (when occupied),or at uncontrolled intersections where stopping isrequired by law.

When following another vehicle, Japanese law requires drivers maintain adequateseparation distance to prevent colliding with the vehicle being followed in the event thevehicle makes an abrupt stop. The same is true when initiating a stop or turn. Driversshould avoid making sudden stops or last minute turns. What is the general rule for maintaining distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you?

A general rule is to apply the3-4 second rule when driving conditions permit.

You find yourself behind a slow vehicle that you wish to pass on a single lane highway. What is the minimum distance you must exceed from a crosswalk or intersection, blind curves, near the top of upgrades or on steep downgrades, inside tunnels (unless multi-lane roadway), and in designated “No Passing Zones” as marked by a posted traffic sign) prior to passing the vehicle?

Passing is prohibited within 30 meters of a crosswalk or intersection, on blindcurves, near the top of upgrades or on steep downgrades, inside tunnels (unless multi-laneroadway), and in designated “No Passing Zones” as marked by a posted traffic sign.

Parking a vehicle in any of the following locations is considered a violation ofJapanese law unless permission is granted beforehand by a local police box havingjurisdiction over the proposed parking location: (list three)

(1) Within 3 meters or less of a motor vehicle entrance or exit that provides accessto a main roadway (example: McDonald’s entry/exit on Highway 58).




(2) Within 1 meter or less of a fire alarm.




(3) Within 5 meters or less of a roadway construction project.

Parking along the side of the road is potentially dangerous if there is not enough clearance between the vehicle and the flow of traffic. When parking along the side of the road, what is the minimum "clear-space" between the vehicle and the roadway.

No vehicle will park in any location where there is less than 0.5 meters of clear-space between the vehicle and the roadway.

If two vehicles approach an intersection where there in no clear road designated as the "priority road", what is the rule of thumb for who has the right of way?

A vehicle approaching an intersection from left has the right-of-way over avehicle approaching the intersection from the right.

Left turns on a red traffic light after a complete stop is prohibited except under what (2) conditions?

- It occurs on a military installation.


- There is a sign indicating that it is ok.


Left turns on a red traffic light after a complete stop is prohibited 1) off militaryinstallations 2) unless permitted by a traffic control device (green signal arrow or a white signwith a blue arrow).

When utilizing a turn signal what is the required lead distance to initiate your intentions with a turn signal? When should you turn off your signal?

When making a lane change or turning any direction, vehicleoperators are required to use either the vehicle’s turn signal or hand signal at least 30 metersprior to an intended turn or lane change. Drivers should ensure that vehicle signals areturned off after the lane change or turn has been made.

What does Japanese traffic law say regarding the use of headlights during inclement weather? What about aboard a U.S. installation?

Japanese trafficlaw does not require the use of headlights during periods ofreduced visibility due to inclement weather. However, headlightuse is mandatory aboard all U.S. installations and highlyencouraged during periods of reduced visibility when driving offan installation.

Personnel will not operate a rented or borrowed motor vehicle, including anyJapanese-owned motor vehicle, unless what form is in their possession?

Operators have a valid USFJ Form 4EJ for the type of motor vehicle operated.

All personnel operating a motor vehicle in Japan must produce upon request frommilitary or Japanese law enforcement officials the following (4) documents.

1) Proof of vehicle ownership or registration 2) A valid USFJ Form 4EJ, operator’s permit 3) Proof of Japanese Compulsory Insurance (JCI) and 4) property damage liabilityinsurance (PDI).

What is the penalty for driving without a driver's license?

Driving without a valid driver’s license, aiding and abetting another to drivewithout a valid driver’s license, improper acquisition of a driver’s license and knowinglyloaning a vehicle to someone who does not possess a valid driver’s license can result with afine and or punishment of up to 3 years confinement and no more than 500,000 yen.

What is the penalty for hopping in a vehicle with someone who does not possess a driver's license?

Anyone who gets in a vehicle while knowing the driver does not possessa valid driver’s license can receive a fine/punishment of 500,000 yen or up to 3 yearsconfinement.

In the event you are in a vehicle accident, what must you do upon the realization you are in said accident?

The driver of any vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to, or thedeath of, any person, or property damage shall immediately stop their vehicle at the sceneof such accident (or as close thereto as possible) and remain at the scene of the accidentuntil military police arrive.

In accident reporting, what is the maximum allowable time to file an accident report (assuming you are not incapacitated in a hospital bed and unable to do so)?

The report shall be made within 72 hours unless the owner and/or driver arehospitalized or otherwise incapable of doing so.

What is the range for a percent by weight of alcohol in the person’s blood to constitute that person as DUI?

If a person’s BAC is determined to be a level of .03 to .079 percent byweight of alcohol in the person’s blood, the person shall be considered as DUI.

What is the policy on leaving children unattended in a vehicle and what does Japan Traffic Law consider a child (age)?

Children nine years of age or younger will not be leftunattended in a vehicle at any time.

Following or parking near emergency vehicles answering a call is prohibited, but what is the required stand off distance to ensure you are not following or parking near an emergency vehicle answering a call?

No vehicle driver shall follow anyemergency vehicle making use of audible and/or visual signals closer than 500 feet (152meters) or park within 500 feet (152 meters) of where an emergency vehicle has stoppedto answer a call.

In the event you absolutely need to answer a cell phone call for an emergency, but you know that talking on the phone while driving is illegal; how would you answer the call?

When the need to use a cell phone arises, the vehicle operator mustcompletely pull over to the left side of the roadway and park the vehicle. It is preferredto park the vehicle in a parking area, but in the event of an emergency, a vehicle may parkas close to the left curbside as possible and not coming into or out of a curve. Hazardflashing lights must be administered as well.