Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/21

Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Anatomically modern humans (AMHs)

evolved from an archaic Homo sapiensAfrican ancestor. they replaced,or Interbred with, Neandertals

Herto

very early (160,000-154,000 B.P.) AMHs found in Ethiopia.

White and Asfaw:

finds near village of Herto aregenerally anatomically modern

Leakey:

Omo Kibish remains from 195,000 B.P.appear to be earliest AMH fossils yet found

Cro Magnon

the first fossil find (1868) of an AMH, from France's Dordogne Valley.




Early AMHs in Western Europe often referred toas?

Pääbo:

2.5% of Neandertal genome moresimilar to the DNA of living Europeans andAsians than to African DNA

6 m.y.a.

hominin ancestors originated in Africa and became habitual bipeds

2.6 m.y.a.

hominins were making crudestone tools

1.7 m.y.a.

hominins had spread from Africato Asia and eventually Europe

Around 200,000 years ago

AMHs evolved fromancestors who had remained in Africa

behavioral modernity

fully human behaviorbased on symbolic thought and culturalcreativity

Klein

human creativity dawned suddenlyaround 45,000 years ago




• Neurological hypothesis

Gamble

rise of modern human behavior a result of increasing social competition

White

personal adornment in Africa and theMiddle East shows that human creativecapacity existed among AMHs long beforethey reached Europe

Upper Paleolithic

toolmaking has beentraditionally associated with AMHs in Europeand emphasized blade tools

Blade tools

the basic Upper Paleolithic tool,hammered off a prepared core

Hudjashov

native Australian/New GuineanmtDNA samples fit into one of four branchesassociated with spread of modern humans out ofAfrica between 70,000 and 50,000 B.P.

Clovis tradition

sophisticated stonetechnology based on a sharp point thatwas fastened to end of a hunting spear

cave paintings

date back some36,000 years

Most cave paintings concentrated in?

southwestern France and northern Spain




• Lascaux

Various magical or ritual functions

• Often occur in clusters


• A kind of pictorial history


• Coincides with period of glacial retreat