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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Anatomically modern humans (AMHs)

evolved from an archaic Homo sapiensAfrican ancestor. they replaced,or Interbred with, Neandertals


very early (160,000-154,000 B.P.) AMHs found in Ethiopia.

White and Asfaw:

finds near village of Herto aregenerally anatomically modern


Omo Kibish remains from 195,000 B.P.appear to be earliest AMH fossils yet found

Cro Magnon

the first fossil find (1868) of an AMH, from France's Dordogne Valley.

Early AMHs in Western Europe often referred toas?


2.5% of Neandertal genome moresimilar to the DNA of living Europeans andAsians than to African DNA

6 m.y.a.

hominin ancestors originated in Africa and became habitual bipeds

2.6 m.y.a.

hominins were making crudestone tools

1.7 m.y.a.

hominins had spread from Africato Asia and eventually Europe

Around 200,000 years ago

AMHs evolved fromancestors who had remained in Africa

behavioral modernity

fully human behaviorbased on symbolic thought and culturalcreativity


human creativity dawned suddenlyaround 45,000 years ago

• Neurological hypothesis


rise of modern human behavior a result of increasing social competition


personal adornment in Africa and theMiddle East shows that human creativecapacity existed among AMHs long beforethey reached Europe

Upper Paleolithic

toolmaking has beentraditionally associated with AMHs in Europeand emphasized blade tools

Blade tools

the basic Upper Paleolithic tool,hammered off a prepared core


native Australian/New GuineanmtDNA samples fit into one of four branchesassociated with spread of modern humans out ofAfrica between 70,000 and 50,000 B.P.

Clovis tradition

sophisticated stonetechnology based on a sharp point thatwas fastened to end of a hunting spear

cave paintings

date back some36,000 years

Most cave paintings concentrated in?

southwestern France and northern Spain

• Lascaux

Various magical or ritual functions

• Often occur in clusters

• A kind of pictorial history

• Coincides with period of glacial retreat