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71 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who holds the sole power of impeachment
House of Representatives
What type of power shall be vested in the Congress of the US
Legislative
Who chooses the Speaker of the House
Hour of Representative (they vote)
What are the Qualifications of the US House of representatives
-At least 25years old
-U.S citizen for 7 years
-live in the district that they are running for
Term of office for House of Representatives
2 years
Number of numbers in the House of Representatives
435
Can a tax of duty be laid on an article exported from any state
no
Clause 2 of Section 4 was changed by what
Section 2 of the 20th Ammendment
Section 2 of the 20th Ammendment is concerning what
The frequency of meetings and date of congressional assembly
How often must congress assemble in a session
at least once a year
When must congress assemble
January 3rd at noon
Name the powers granted to Congress in section 8 of Article 1
(18 in all)
(1) To lay and collect import duties.[8]

(2) To pay the debts of the U.S. Government.

(3) To regulate commerce with foreign nations and Indian Tribes.

(4) To regulate commerce among the States.[2]

(5) To regulate immigration.[7]

(6) To establish a uniform rule of naturalization.

(7) To establish uniform laws on bankruptcy throughout the United States.

(8) To coin money and regulate its value and that of foreign coin, and to issue bills of credit.

(9) To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States.[3]

(10) To fix the standard of weights and measures.

(11) To provide and regulate postal services.

(12) To establish protection for intellectual property, including patent, copyright, and trademark rights.

(13) To constitute lower national courts.

(14) To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the laws of nations.[3]

(15) To declare war, authorize warlike activities by other than the armed forces, a
Which House shall have the power to try all impeachments
senate
Qualifications of the Senate
-at least 30 years old
-U.S citizen for at least 9 yrs
-be an inhabitant of the state they are running for
Term of office for the Senate
6 years
Number of members in the Senate
100 (2 per state)
How many members are in congress
535
Who assumes the Vp position should the Vp assume the position of the P
President Pro Tempore
Who chooses the President Pro Tempore
The senate
Who has the power to create those courts below (inferior) to the Supreme Court
Congress
To expel a member in the Senate there must be a what fraction of the senators in agreement and how much in the house
2/3 and 2/3
Why cant the states enter into a treaty, or an alliance, with another coutry
the states are not soveriegn
What is the term used when one house i not allowed, during a session of congress, to adjourn without the consent of the other
sin die
What are the qualifications for the president
-Natural born citizen
-at least 14 years as a resident of the US
-at least 35 years old
What is the term of the President
4yrs
How long can one be president (total)
10 years
Name of the speech given annually, by the president of the US, regarding the condition of our nation
State of the union
Who may be impeached
President
-VP
-Civil officers
What power is vested in the President of the US
executive
In article 2, section2 the powers given to the president (there are 6 in all)
-Treaties provided 2/3rds of the Senators agree
-Nominate
-Appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the supreme court
-to fill vacancies that may occur duing the recess of the senate
-grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the US (except in cases of impeachment)
Each state shall appoint a number of electors. how is the number of electors for each state arrived at
The same amount as the total number of House of Representives and senate in that state
A significant portion of section 1 or article 2 was replaced by what
12th ammendment
12th ammendment established an institution by which our P and VP are elected which is what
Electoral College
In articel 2 section 3 the duties given to the President (4 in all ) are provided what are they
-Receive ambassadors and other public ministers
-make sure that the laws are faithfully executed
-commission all the officers of the US
-on rare occasions may convene both houses of just one in case of disagreement between them
-may adjourn them to such time he believes i proper with respect to the time of adjournment
What are the two ways an a Amendment may be proposed (article 5)
-2/3rd vote of state legislature
-2/3rd vote in congress
Removing a person from a state to which he or she has fled to escape justice is known as
Extradition
With regard to the Oath of Office all public officers own their first allegiance to what (article 6)
Constitution
What law is supreme over each other?
Federal over State or vice versa
Federal law
Name the two ways a proposed amendment may be ratified (article 5)
-3/4th vote in both houses
-3/4th vote of national convection called forth by congress and the majoirty of the states?
New states may be admitted by whom into the union
congress
Which is states power and congress power
-Property of the US
-Territories
-Public land
-Private property
-C
-C
-C
-S
The 7th amendment provides for a ___trial in ___cases
jury, civil
Powers granted to the Legislative branch
-power to declare war
-make laws
-votes on whether a bill should become a law
-approve the appointment of federal judges
-passes the national budget
-composed of Congress ( House of representatives and Senate)
Powers granted to the Executive Branch
-Composed of the President and his Cabinet
-Carries out and enforces the laws
Powers granted to the Judicial Branch
-composed of all the courts of the land
-Intreprets and punishes lawbreakers
-Supreme court- Court of Appeal (district)-State court
-Court system presides over civil and criminal trials, imposes sentences for convicted defendants, and decides if laws are unconsitutional
For what reasons may a Judge be removed from office.
-Life
-Impeachment
-Retirement
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have _____ Jurisdiction.
original
In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have ______ Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
appellate
Treason against the United States, shall consist only of what?
in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.
No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless What and what
Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
Limitations on powers of congress
-Migration or importation of persons in any states now proper to admit, and shall not be prohbited by the congress prior to the yr 1888
-Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended
-no bill of attainder of ex post facto law shall be passed
-no capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid
-no preference shall be given by an regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another
-no money shall be drawn from treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law
-no title of nobility shall be granted by the US
Presidental Disablility and the guidelines regarding it
- If the case of the removal of the President the VP shall become President
-If there is a vacany in the office of the VP the P shall nominate a VP who will take office upon the confirmation by majority vote of both houses of congress
Relations amongst the states
-Each state must respect and recognize the validity of the laws, public records, and court decision of every other state
-A state's laws cannot draw unreasonable disitinctions between its own residents and those of any of the other states
-Extradiction (returning a fugitive to another state)
-Fugitive slaves ( clause 3 nullified by the 13th )
ammendment
-New states can admit new states to the union
-Congress has the power to make laws concerning the territores, other public lands, and all other property of the US
Original Jurisdiction refers to the power of a court to do what
to hear a case in the first instance, not on appeal from a lower court
Appellate Jurisdiction refers to what
a court power to hear a case on appeal from a lower court, from the court in which the case was originiall tried
What is a standing committee?
Standing committees are permanent bodies with specific responsibilities spelled out in the Senate's official rules.
What is a joint committee?`
As their names indicate, they either perform housekeeping functions or conduct studies.
What is a special/select committee?
-Select and special committees are created for clearly specified purposes
-members of select and special committees are officially appointed by the Senate's president or president pro tempore.
Reapportionment
Redistribute the seats in the House after each decennial census
Continuous body
-Senate
-All the seats are never up for election at the same time
-33.3% are up for election at each election
Ex Post Facto Law
1. A criminal law, one defining a crime of providing for its punishment
2. applied to an act committed before its passage
3. a law that works to the disadvantage of the accused.Neither congress not the state legislatures may pass such laws
Writ of Habeus Corpus
It is a court order directed to an officer holding aprisoner. It commands that the prisoner be brought before the court and that the officer show cause explain, with good reason why the prisoner should not be released.
Bill of Rights
First 10 ammendments
Treason
-ONLY crime stated in the constitution
-in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.
Extradiction
legal process in which a fugitive from justive in a state is returned to that state from another
State of the Union Address
when the president reports on the state of the nation as he sees it, in both domestiv and foreign policy terms
Electoral College
group of persons (presidental electors) chosen in each stae and the district of columbia ever four years who make a formal election of the president and the VP
Qurorum
majority of the full membership, 218, must be present in order for the house to do business
Impeachment
Formal charge (accusation of misconduct) brought against a public official by the lower house in a legislative body; trial, and removal upon conviction ovvurs in the upper house
President Pro Tempore
A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate
Roles of Congress
Delegate
Partian
trustee
politico