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25 Cards in this Set

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Deists shared the ideas of eighteenth-century European Enlightenment thinkers, namely that:

science could uncover laws that governed the natural order rather than God.

Georgia was established by James Oglethorpe, whose causes included improved conditions for imprisoned debtors and the abolition of:

slavery.

How did colonial politics compare with British politics?

Colonists tended to agree with the British that owning property was related to having the right to vote.

How did John Locke reconcile his belief in natural rights and his support for slavery?

He believed that the free individual in liberal thought was the propertied white man.

In the eighteenth century, the Spanish empire in North America:

was thinly populated and weaker economically than the British colonies.

In the northern colonies, slaves:

made up only a small percentage of these colonies’ populations

John Peter Zenger’s libel trial:

demonstrated that popular sentiment opposed prosecutions for criticism of public officials.

Olaudah Equiano:

wrote the eighteenth century’s most widely read account by a slave of a slave’s own experiences.

Over time in the Chesapeake region, what happened to free blacks?

They lost many of their rights.

Property qualifications for holding office:

meant that the landed gentry wielded considerable power in colonial legislatures.

Slave resistance in the eighteenth century:

included rebellions in both northern and southern colonies that led to the deaths of several of those involved in planning the conspiracies.

The 1741 panic in New York City that led to thirty-four executions was sparked by:

a plan to burn the city.

The assumption among ordinary people that wealth, education, and social prominence carried with them a right to public office was called:

deference.

The British concept of liberty:

included both formal restraints on authority and a collection of specific rights.

The development of rice plantations in South Carolina:

led to a black majority in that colony by 1770.

The English finally became successful in defeating the French in the Seven Years’ War under the leadership of:

William Pitt.

The French and Indian War began because some American colonists felt that:

France was encroaching on land claimed by the Ohio Company.

The French in North America:

included a significant number of Nova Scotians who relocated to southern Louisiana, creating the group known as Cajuns.

The idea of liberalism in eighteenth-century British politics:

was reinforced by republicanism and constitutional government.

The language (with mixed African roots) spoken by African-American slaves on the rice plantations of South Carolina and Georgia during the eighteenth century was known as:

Gullah.

The most successful colonial governors:

used their appointive powers and control of land grants to win allies in colonial legislatures.

Tobacco plantations in the Chesapeake region:

helped make the Chesapeake colonies models of mercantilism.

What was the primary purpose of the Proclamation of 1763?

to bring stability to the colonial frontier

Who drafted the Albany Plan of Union?

Benjamin Franklin

Why was slavery less prevalent in the northern colonies?

The small farms of the northern colonies did not need slaves.