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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 3 drugs to avoid in dogs?
4. Baytril (toxic for puppies)
What are the 4 drugs to avoid in cats?
1. aspirin
What is the class of drugs to avoid in lactating cows?
what are the 3 general classes of Feed Additives for Beef Catttle?
1. MGA (melegestrol acetate)

-lasalosid (decrease bloat, coccidiosis)

3. Bufffer
-sodium bicarbonate (decrease gas)
what is a drug that should be avoided in cats and dogs?
therapeutic antibiotic use in animals:
therapeutic dose is given to treat a specific health problem in the animal
Sub-therapeutic antibiotic use in animals:

adverse effect:
Doses lower that therapeutic dose are used to stimulate grwth and food conversion, and to stimulate performance.

May result in developement of resistnace.
what is the value of antibiotics for food production?
1) ↓ infection in animals
2) ↓ food/manure/land
3) ↓ cost
4) ↑ meat production
Antibiotic Resistance Problems
1) Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE) present in meat that can be consumed by humans

2) Streptococus Pneumoniae Resistant to Penicillin


4) Hospital-Bacterial Infections (resistant to drugs of 1st choice)
Drug Compounding is APPROPIATE when:
1. used for companion animal
2. used for legitimate medical need
3. compounded for individual animal
4. approved from FDA for animals or humans
When is Drug Compounding INAPPROPIATE?
1. out of state (excessive)
2. offer whole sale
3. longer expiration date that treatment duration
4. compound similar to FDA approved, but not FDA approved itself
1) what does ELDU stands for?

2) ELDU definition:

3) examples:
1) Extra-Label Drug Use

2)use of OTC/presctiption drugs different than specified in the label

-used in different species (dog vs cat)
-used in different class of animal (breeding vs not breeding)
-diff. route of administration (IV vs IM)
-different disease
When is ELDU Ok?
-good veterinary-client relationship
-no other drug alternative
-drug is used for therapeutic use only
When is ELDU Prohibiited?
-when drug used in feed
-for production enhancement
-disease prophylaxis
-for behaivior
-for reproductive management
10 drugs that CANNOT be used in any animal under any conditions:
1. Chloramphenicol
2. Clenbuterol
3. DES
4. Dimetridazole
5. Furazlidone
6. Fluoroquinolones
7. Glycopeptides (Vancomycin)
8. Ipronidazole
9. Nitrofurazone
10. Sulfonamide in lactating cattle
What does NARMS stand for?
National Antibiotic Resistance Monitorring System
Issues of concern when using antibiotics in animals:
1. Residues in edible tissue
2. Antimicrobial resistance
3. Enviromental concerns
4. limited availability of approved drugs
Examples of Potential Adverse Effects of eating food containing drug residues:
1. Direct toxicity
2. carcinogenesis/genotoxicity
3. Developmental toxicity
4. kill beneficial intestinal flora in humans
Year in which the FDA approved antibiotic Feed additives:
National Residue Program
FDA & EPA set maximum permisible levels of chemical residues

FDA sets penalties for infractions

USDA FSIS enforces tolerance
Antimicrobials APPROVED in Feed:
1. bacitracin
2. bambermycin
3. efrotomycin
4. erithromycin
5. lasalocid
6. lincommycin
7. laidlomycin
8. monensin
9. neomycin
10. novobiocin
11. oleandomycin
12. penicillin
13. sulfonamides
14. tiamulin
15. tilmicosin
16. tylosin
17. tetracyclins
18. virginiamycin